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A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million

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A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2004, 08:46
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A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The answer is C..When exactly to use Have been, Had been and had. can anybody point out the subtle differences..thankx....
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 17 Oct 2017, 23:14, edited 4 times in total.
Cleaned the topic.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2004, 09:13
hi anand,

I am looking more towards the explaination for Have been and had been. When exactly to use them. I seem to have a problem picking the right tenses, especially when it comes to perfect tenses...Please can you point a reference or something like that...thankx..
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2004, 04:06
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C it will be ...

the sentence uses '' the quetzalocatlus HAD a wingspan'' the use of ''HAD'' makes it past perfect and the sentence should be in perfect unision with the tense flow....


A) ''believed to be'' does not sound right and lacks a pronoun too

B) seems right but the use of ''that'' does not substitute for the right pronoun...

D) the use of ''which was'' tries to say ''the wingspan'' and not the Q.....s was the largets flying reptile or watever...

E) same confusion...

C) has ''it'' pronoun reference and also the use of ''have been'' suits for the use ''the world has seen '' both of which are in the past tense...


any other expalnation is welcome pls...

hope that helps!

Have fun :)
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2004, 04:29
Would like to go with (B) on this one (High chances that I am wrong!!! :roll: ) but looks like proper parallel structure and without any improper referent (as is present in choice (C), "it" has no clear referent I presume ---> "it" can refer to Quetzalcoatlus or to wings)

Correct me If I am wrong? (Definetly many try to do so!! :) )

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2004, 00:14
(C). It properly modifies the flying creature (can't remember how to spell it :lol: ), and have been indicates that it was the biggest flying creature then and still is the biggest flying creature (although it is now extinct, no other flying creatures has surpassed it in size)

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2004, 18:11
saurya_s wrote:
With explanation plz
8. A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be


'believed to be' indicates that Quetzalcoatlus still exists, but the real meaning is that it is still considered a largest flying creature (present perfect).

C it is.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2004, 07:21
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Agree with C as it is the only choice which introduces a personal pronoun to refer to the Quetzalcoatlus. A's participial phrase and B,D and E's relative pronoun improperly refers to "wingspan" and hence make the wrong comparison
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2005, 21:17
I will go with C too. I was a little confused with what the believed to be was referring to. The conjunction and clears this up and C clearly is referring to the bird.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2005, 07:53
vprabhala wrote:
rthothad wrote:
One more for 'C' - need the present perfect tense

why c and not E>



It is not E because the modifying phrase, 'which is believed to be' modifies 'wingspan of 36ft'. But we are talking about the reptile as perhaps one of the largest, not the reptile's wingspan being on of the largest reptiles (faulty comparison). Hope my explanation is clear enough.

C for me also.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2005, 09:12
prasad_bgv wrote:
But why not B.

is it because 'that' is trying to restrict the main clause ?


ofcourse the OA is C.


'and that is believed to be....' still refers to the wingspan. The 'that' references wingspan, which is still a case of faulty comparison.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2005, 19:22
use of present have been is correct. The quetzalcoatlus was the largest flying creature, and still is the largest by today's standard.

it correctly refers to the quetzalcoatlus

(C) for me

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2005, 20:19
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A) second part is a new clause - you need some connector in between

B) that does not point to anything clearly

C) OK

D) which is referring to 36 feet here

E) which is referring to 36 feet here

C it is

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2005, 12:40
C is the correct answer..."it" (personal pronoun) is more appropriate than "that" or "which" (relative pronouns) and "have been" is appropriate because in this case present perfect is appropriate because even though the action was in the past (believed), it affects the present (largest flying creature)....could be wrong with explanation..just bought the grammar book :-D
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2005, 02:47
wild_desperado wrote:
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

(A) believed to be

(B) and that is believed to be

(C) and it is believed to have been

(D) which was, it is believed,

(E) which is believed to be


Alright, here is my break down:

A. uses the correct idiom "believed to be" - best choice.
B and C are eliminated because of the unnecessary use of the conjunction "and"
D is out - unidiomatic (believed here makes it seem like the dead reptile has believed something! whoa!!!, that's freaky... ) and ungrammatical ( which was, it is believed?, please...)
Now, E uses the correct idiom "believed to be", however, I didn't really see the need of "which is".

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2005, 02:57
The Answer should be C.

Eaxplaination:-

If "AND" is not use before "the largest flying creature the world has ever seen" then it seems to modify "36 feet". That is why answer should be between B and C. Here C is more correct.
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2005, 06:44
E it is.

A- modifies the wing span
B - That refers to the wing span again
C - wrong verb usage
D - same
E - though not structurally a great one, but has the least errors

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2005, 08:57
I believe C is best.
A) pariticipial phrase improperly referring to "36 feet"
B) no pronoun to refer to "Quetzalcoatlus" and seems to improperly refer to "36 feet" again
D and E have "which" which refers to "36 feet" and is wrong
Only C has a personal pronoun properly referring to an inanimate object. C also does not have any verb tense problem because present perfect means that the "Quetzalcoatlus" is still believed to have been the largest flying creature on Earth.
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2005, 10:23
C. "It is" clearly refers to reptile, not to his wings.

E is wrong by the same reason as other choices, not clear whether it is reptile or its wings believed to be....

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2005, 11:04
I'll go with C.

(A) believed to be-what is believed to be? The creature or the 36 feet? belived to be? Does it still exist?
(B) and that is believed to be-that is? again that is not the best way
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,-which can not refer to a phrase, just a noun, had the descriptive phrase,.... 36 feet .. been seperated from the name of the creature, then it might've worked.
(E) which is believed to be...same as above

C is the only one that connects two phrases. Also, have been......has seen. I am not sure if my explanation is best or correct, but thats the way I would've thought about this SC

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2005, 06:38
A is correct here...

B, C seem to suggest that it was believed to be the largest flying xyz. but not anymore...from the stem, we cannot make that jump, so we need to go with simple past tense...A is correct, in D & E, which is vauge and I am very picky about using which...

A is correct..

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2005, 06:38

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