Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 27 May 2017, 01:24

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# a part-time employee whose hourly wage was increased by 25%

Author Message
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1902
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 1122 [0], given: 1

a part-time employee whose hourly wage was increased by 25% [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2008, 02:37
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 100% (00:00) wrong based on 7 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

237. a part-time employee whose hourly wage was increased by 25% decided to reduce the number of hours worked per week so that the employee’s total weekly income would remain unchanged. By what percent should the number of hours worked be reduced?

A.12.5 %
B.20%
C.25%
D.50%
E.75%
_________________
Director
Joined: 05 Jan 2008
Posts: 690
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 472 [0], given: 0

Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2008, 03:02
It is B

take numbers like

First case

so in order to make $200 per week of 100 hours reduced # of hours = original weekly income/increased price per hour => 200/2.5 =80 it is still B regards, Pras _________________ Persistence+Patience+Persistence+Patience=G...O...A...L Director Joined: 01 Jan 2008 Posts: 624 Followers: 5 Kudos [?]: 184 [1] , given: 1 Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Feb 2008, 08:03 1 This post received KUDOS i agree with prasannar. (1+x)*(1+25%) = 1 (1+x)*5/4 = 1 -> x = 4/5-1 = -1/5 = -20% -> B SVP Joined: 28 Dec 2005 Posts: 1561 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 2 Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Feb 2008, 11:27 Oops, sorry about that prasannar. My mistake Can anyone point out where i went wrong in my approach ? Director Joined: 01 Jan 2008 Posts: 624 Followers: 5 Kudos [?]: 184 [0], given: 1 Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Feb 2008, 12:17 pmenon wrote: Oops, sorry about that prasannar. My mistake Can anyone point out where i went wrong in my approach ? I think you did 5/4 - 1 instead of 4/5 - 1 SVP Joined: 28 Dec 2005 Posts: 1561 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 158 [1] , given: 2 Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Feb 2008, 12:28 1 This post received KUDOS i still cant pick it out ... i didnt have 5 or 4 anywhere, i just have: 1.25x*n = m*x ... and we are looking for (n-m)/n = 1-m/n , and m/n = 1.25 SVP Joined: 04 May 2006 Posts: 1902 Schools: CBS, Kellogg Followers: 23 Kudos [?]: 1122 [1] , given: 1 Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Feb 2008, 18:49 1 This post received KUDOS Thank you Prasannar, I used your approach and here is mine original hourly wage: 1$, and total hours worked a week : x
new hourly wage: 1.25, and total hours worked a week: y
1*x = 1.25y
4x=5y
(x-y)/x=1/5 = 20%

Thank you!

@pmenon
pmenon wrote:
i still cant pick it out ... i didnt have 5 or 4 anywhere, i just have:

1.25x*n = m*x ... and we are looking for (n-m)/n = 1-m/n , and m/n = 1.25
i still cant pick it out ... i didnt have 5 or 4 anywhere, i just have:

1.25x*n = m*x ... and we are looking for (n-m)/n = 1-m/n , and m/n = 1.25

You call m: original and n: new. So I think you should set up (n-m)/m, not (n-m)/n.
_________________
Manager
Joined: 12 Feb 2008
Posts: 179
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 40 [1] , given: 0

Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2008, 19:26
1
KUDOS
sondenso wrote:
237. a part-time employee whose hourly wage was increased by 25% decided to reduce the number of hours worked per week so that the employee’s total weekly income would remain unchanged. By what percent should the number of hours worked be reduced?

A.12.5 %
B.20%
C.25%
D.50%
E.75%

sondesco, in questions like this it helps very much if you draw a quick chart. use 10h for base case and pick a wage per hour that can easily be increased by 25%. (now you can pick anything but by using a "good number" it will be easy to calculate quickly)
let 4 be the base wage per hour, then 25% increase is $5/h. the base income was 10*4=40 , the new income is 10*5=50. but we need it to be 40 so the new hours should be 8, which is a 20 % decrease. This is a long explanation but just want to show you that if you use a chart, it gets a lot faster. hope this helps. SVP Joined: 28 Dec 2005 Posts: 1561 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 158 [1] , given: 2 Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Feb 2008, 19:35 1 This post received KUDOS aaaah, yes, you are right !!!! Manager Joined: 12 Feb 2008 Posts: 179 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 40 [1] , given: 0 Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Feb 2008, 19:36 1 This post received KUDOS pmenon wrote: Oops, sorry about that prasannar. My mistake Can anyone point out where i went wrong in my approach ? pmenon, nice algebra approach. i like how you use the letters to determine an all case scenario formula. I think the problem here is that you are deleting x on both sides of the equation. no? SVP Joined: 04 May 2006 Posts: 1902 Schools: CBS, Kellogg Followers: 23 Kudos [?]: 1122 [1] , given: 1 Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Feb 2008, 19:42 1 This post received KUDOS elmagnifico wrote: sondenso wrote: 237. a part-time employee whose hourly wage was increased by 25% decided to reduce the number of hours worked per week so that the employee’s total weekly income would remain unchanged. By what percent should the number of hours worked be reduced? A.12.5 % B.20% C.25% D.50% E.75% sondesco, in questions like this it helps very much if you draw a quick chart. use 10h for base case and pick a wage per hour that can easily be increased by 25%. (now you can pick anything but by using a "good number" it will be easy to calculate quickly) let 4 be the base wage per hour, then 25% increase is$5/h. the base income was 10*4=40 , the new income is 10*5=50. but we need it to be 40 so the new hours should be 8, which is a 20 % decrease.
This is a long explanation but just want to show you that if you use a chart, it gets a lot faster.
hope this helps.

Many thanks to "elmagnifico". Clearly your picking number is better! Sorry if I still dont get it, what do you mean "use the chart"?
_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Nov 2007
Posts: 462
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 202 [1] , given: 4

Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2008, 19:49
1
KUDOS
OLD - x hrs at $y/hr - total earned: xy NEW- (x-z) hrs at$1.25/hr - total earned:xy

we have (x-z) (1.25y) = xy
solving for z,
we get 20%.
_________________

-Underline your question. It takes only a few seconds!
-Search before you post.

Manager
Joined: 05 Oct 2011
Posts: 171
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 52 [2] , given: 62

Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Nov 2011, 12:26
2
KUDOS
By far the quickest way to solve this problem is by using number plugging as the question is asking a percent in the end.

assume:
Employee initial salary = $100 Old hours: 20 New salary =$125
New hours: x

20 * 100 = x * 125
x = 16
Percent of reduction = 4/20 * 100 = 20%

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7377
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2288

Kudos [?]: 15129 [0], given: 224

Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Nov 2011, 04:55
sondenso wrote:
237. a part-time employee whose hourly wage was increased by 25% decided to reduce the number of hours worked per week so that the employee’s total weekly income would remain unchanged. By what percent should the number of hours worked be reduced?

A.12.5 %
B.20%
C.25%
D.50%
E.75%

Here is what I like to use in questions where the product of two numbers has to be kept constant:

Weekly income = No of hours * Hourly wage = Constant
If hourly wage increases by 25% i.e. it becomes 5/4 of original value, what should we do to 'no of hours' to keep the Weekly income fixed?
We should multiply 'no of hours' by 4/5 so that the 4 and the 5 cancel each other off and we still have the same weekly income.
When we multiply 'no of hours' by 4/5, it reduces by 1/5 which is 20%. Once you get the hang of it, you can pretty much do it orally.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for \$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Director
Joined: 28 Jul 2011
Posts: 549
Location: United States
GPA: 3.86
WE: Accounting (Commercial Banking)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 238 [0], given: 16

Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused! [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Nov 2011, 05:26
It is B

let initial revenue=x and time period=t

after increase in revenue 1.25x

Now let "p" the no of hours decreased so now from the above details we can form an equation below

x*t=1.25x*(t-p)

p=20%

Give me +1 Kudos if you like the post
_________________

Re: 237. one more each and total amount? really confused!   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2011, 05:26
Display posts from previous: Sort by