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A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on

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Joined: 03 Feb 2003
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A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2003, 07:02
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A recent report determined that although only three percent of drivers on Maryland highways equipped their vehicles with radar detectors, thirty-three percent of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were equipped with them. Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed limit than are drivers who do not.
(B) Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.
(C) The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit was greater than the number of vehicles that were equipped with radar detectors.
(D) Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the time period covered by the report.
(E) Drivers on Maryland highways exceeded the speed limit more often than did drivers on other state highways not covered in the report.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Joined: 18 Jun 2003
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2003, 00:20
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Only a tiny fraction of people have the radar detectors. However, one-third of tickets go to people with radar detectors.

Radar detectors are associated with increased incidence of tickets.

But how do we know that those getting caught are speeding regularly?

You don't, unless you assume it (B).

Very tricky because of all the verbiage.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2004, 05:33
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171. A recent report determined that although only three percent of drivers on Maryland highways equipped their vehicles with radar detectors, thirty-three percent of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were equipped with them. Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not. The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed limit than are drivers who do not.
(B) Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.
(C) The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit was greater than the number of vehicles that were equipped with radar detectors.
(D) Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the time period covered by the report.
(E) Drivers on Maryland highways exceeded the speed limit more often than did drivers on other state highways not covered in the report.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2004, 07:10
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saurya_s wrote:
171. A recent report determined that although only three percent of drivers on Maryland highways equipped their vehicles with radar detectors, thirty-three percent of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were equipped with them. Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not. The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed limit than are drivers who do not.
(B) Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.
(C) The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit was greater than the number of vehicles that were equipped with radar detectors.
(D) Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the time period covered by the report.
(E) Drivers on Maryland highways exceeded the speed limit more often than did drivers on other state highways not covered in the report.

B must be the answer. The argument cites high incidence of radar-equipped cars BEING TICKETED but derives a conclusion about how often these cars EXCEEDED THE SPEED LIMIT. Clearly, in the author's opinion those drivers who are often ticketed often exceed the speed limit. Thus, B is the missing link
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2004, 08:06
B.

Only B can be the assumption. All the others does not say how the conclusion - drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not can be arrived.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2004, 09:28
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I think the answer is D.

Assuming there are 1000 drivers on Maryland highways. 3% or 30 cars are equipped with radar detectors.

Let's say 200 cars were ticketed for speeding. 33% or 66 cars were equipped with radar detectors. this means that some cars were ticketed more than once, else one can't have 66 cars with radar detectors with originally 30 cars equipped with radar detectors.

D states this assumption.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2004, 11:30
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kedar1972 wrote:
I think the answer is D.

Assuming there are 1000 drivers on Maryland highways. 3% or 30 cars are equipped with radar detectors.

Let's say 200 cars were ticketed for speeding. 33% or 66 cars were equipped with radar detectors. this means that some cars were ticketed more than once, else one can't have 66 cars with radar detectors with originally 30 cars equipped with radar detectors.

D states this assumption.

Be careful when assigning arbitrary numbers to a problem dealing with percentages. If you were to choose 10 tickets assigned, and 1000 drivers, the 'assumption' is not necessary.

The conclusion
Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not

The conclusion is "more likely to speed regularly", this at the least requires some connection between regular speeding at ticket assignment.

B is this assumption.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2004, 11:38
SigEpUCI, nice explanation dear
We can look at this too:
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... t=maryland

Dharmin
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2005, 00:06
A recent report determined that although only three percent of drivers on Maryland highways equipped their
vehicles with radar detectors, thirty-three percent of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were
equipped with them. Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed
the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not.
The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed
limit than are drivers who do not.
(B) Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly
than are drivers who are not ticketed.
(C) The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit was greater than the number of
vehicles that were equipped with radar detectors.
(D) Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the
time period covered by the report.
(E) Drivers on Maryland highways exceeded the speed limit more often than did drivers on other state
highways not covered in the report.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5043
Location: Singapore
Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2005, 00:44
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3% of drivers on maryland highways equip their vehicles with radar detectors
31% of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were equip with them
Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed speed lmiit regularly than driver who do not <-- conclusion

(A) Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed limit than are drivers who do not.
- does not hold up the conclusion

(B) Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.
This one holds up the conclusion. We're told a large percentage of vehicles with radar detectors were ticketed for speeding. Then (B) says those who are ticketed are likely to exceed the speed limit regularly. So the conclusion that vehicles with radar detectors exceed the speed limit regularly is true.

(C) The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit was greater than the number of vehicles that were equipped with radar detectors.
- not important.

(D) Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the time period covered by the report.
- does not help the conclusion

(E) Drivers on Maryland highways exceeded the speed limit more often than did drivers on other state highways not covered in the report.
- out of scope
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2005, 05:36
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A recent report determined that although only three percent of drivers on Maryland highways equipped their vehicles with radar detectors, thirty-three percent of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were equipped with them. Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?
A Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed limit than are drivers who do not.
B Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.
C The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit was greater than the number of vehicles that were equipped with radar detectors.
D Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the time period covered by the report.
E Drivers on Maryland highways exceeded the speed limit more often than did drivers on other state highways not covered in the report.

OA is a few posts below.

Source â€“ GMATPrep by Pearson VUE

Last edited by Pauline on 07 Aug 2005, 00:23, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 May 2005
Posts: 279
Location: CA, USA
Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2005, 19:32
B

From
A recent report determined that although only three percent of drivers
...

to the more general conclusion that: Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed ...

We need to assume that the reported case is happening on a regular basis.

Hence
B Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.
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Joined: 31 Aug 2004
Posts: 162
Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2005, 10:49
A recent report determined that although only 3% of drivers on maryland highways equipped their vehicles with radar detectors, 33% of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were equipped with them. Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

a) Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed limit than are drivers who do not.

b) Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.

c) The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit was greater than the number of vehicles that were equipped with rdar detectors.

d) Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the time period covered by the report.

e) Drivers on Maryland highways exceded teh speed limit more often than did drivers on other state highways not covered in the report.

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Location: Chicago
Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2005, 11:57
B it is, if B is false, then people who exceed speed limit regularly may not get ticket and somebody who exceed speed limit only once gets caught unfortunately, then the argument falls apart.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2005, 11:13
The OA is B.

Here is the official explanation.

The conclusion concerns regularly exceeding the speed limit, but the data derive from isolated occasions when drivers exceed the speed limit and are ticketed. The conclusion thus assumes that these instances provice evidence of regular behavior - that drivers ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are likely to be drivers who regularly exceed it. Choice B states this assumption and is the best answer.

Choices A, C, and D provide additional data that might be relevant to the conclusion, but if Choice B is assumed, then additional data are unnecessary for drawing the conclusion. The difference that choice E describes between Maryland and other states would simply suggest that the report's findings cannot be extrapolated to other states. Id does not help in drawing the conclusion.

What I just don't get is the bold line in the explanation. Can someone help me out here?
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2005, 11:13
This topic have been merged with: http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic-1378.html
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2006, 15:52
A recent report determined that although only three percent of drivers on Maryland highways equipped their vehicles with radar detectors, thirty-three percent of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were equipped with them. Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed limit than are drivers who do not.
(B) Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.
(C) The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit was greater than the number of vehicles that were equipped with radar detectors.
(D) Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the time period covered by the report.
(E) Drivers on Maryland highways exceeded the speed limit more often than did drivers on other state highways not covered in the report.
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Posts: 1341
Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2006, 19:07
though i am little confused, go with D.

(D) Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limit were ticketed more than once in the time period covered by the report.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2006, 18:15
The conclusion concerns regularly exceeding the speed limit, but the data derive from isolated occasions when drivers exceed the speed limit and are ticketed. The conclusion thus assumes that these instances provide evidence of regular behavior-that drivers ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are likely to be drivers who regularly exceed it. Choice B states this assumption and is the best answer. Choices A, C, and D provide additional data that might be relevant to the conclusion, but if choice B is assumed, the additional data are unnecessary for drawing the conclusion. The difference that choice E describes between Maryland and other states would simply suggest that the reportâ€™s findings cannot be extrapolated to other states. It does not help in drawing the conclusion.
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Joined: 08 Feb 2006
Posts: 126
Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2006, 18:30
A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on Maryland highways equipped their vehicles with radar detectors, 33 perent of all vehicles ticketed for exceeding they speed limit were equipped with them. Clearly, drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Drivers who equip their vehicles with radar detectors are less likely to be ticketed for exceeding the speed limit than are drivers who do not.

B. Drivers who are ticketed for exceeding the speed limit are more likely to exceed the speed limit regularly than are drivers who are not ticketed.

C. The number of vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the seed limit was greater than the number of vehicles that were equipped with radar detectors.

D. Many of the vehicles that were ticketed for exceeding the speed limited were ticketed more than once in the time period vovered by the report.

E. Drivers on Maryland highways exceeded the speed limit more often than did drivers on other state highways not covered in the report.
Re: A recent report determined that although only 3 percent of drivers on   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2006, 18:30

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