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A recent study shows that teenagers participating in after school

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A recent study shows that teenagers participating in after school [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 10:14
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Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

38% (01:40) correct 62% (01:21) wrong based on 74 sessions

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A recent study shows that teenagers participating in after school creative activities such as music and painting are more likely to show symptoms of depression than teenagers who do not engage in such activities. It was also observed that teenagers who participated exclusively in sports showed the least signs of depression. Although one cannot conclude from these results that depression is caused merely by participating in creative activities, there is definitely a correlation between depression and engagement in such activities as the study also showed that _________________________.

Which of the following statements most logically completes the above passage?


A. girls participating in after-school creative activities reported higher rates of depression than boys participating in such activities.
B. teenagers participating in activities such as music and painting were found to be significantly more introverted than teenagers participating in sports activities.
C. there was no difference between the magnitudes of the depressive symptoms observed in teenagers who participated in both creative and sports activities and those who participated just in creative ones.
D. some very famous musicians and painters are patients of a psychological disorder called schizophrenia.
E. the use of mood enhancing drugs was more prevalent among the students of schools winning various arts competitions than in the students of schools winning sports competitions.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Re: A recent study shows that teenagers participating in after school [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 15:54
fmik7894 wrote:
A recent study shows that teenagers participating in after school creative activities such as music and painting are more likely to show symptoms of depression than teenagers who do not engage in such activities. It was also observed that teenagers who participated exclusively in sports showed the least signs of depression. Although one cannot conclude from these results that depression is caused merely by participating in creative activities, there is definitely a correlation between depression and engagement in such activities as the study also showed that _________________________.

Which of the following statements most logically completes the above passage?


A. girls participating in after-school creative activities reported higher rates of depression than boys participating in such activities.
B. teenagers participating in activities such as music and painting were found to be significantly more introverted than teenagers participating in sports activities.
C. there was no difference between the magnitudes of the depressive symptoms observed in teenagers who participated in both creative and sports activities and those who participated just in creative ones.
D. some very famous musicians and painters are patients of a psychological disorder called schizophrenia.
E. the use of mood enhancing drugs was more prevalent among the students of schools winning various arts competitions than in the students of schools winning sports competitions.

Dear fmik7894,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, I don't have the highest opinion of this question. In the final sentence of the prompt, it says, "there is definitely a correlation between depression and engagement in such activities"--the referent of "such activities" is ambiguous. It probably includes the artistic activities, which are correlated with higher rates of depression, but it also could include the athletic activities, which are correlated with lower rates of depression. The ambiguity in this term is sloppy and serves to make the question more difficult artificially, in a manner that would not be typical of the precision of the GMAT.

A. Girls participating in after-school creative activities reported higher rates of depression than boys participating in such activities.
Gender is not mentioned, and there's no a priori reason to associate depression more with one gender than the other. This is incorrect.

B. Teenagers participating in activities such as music and painting were found to be significantly more introverted than teenagers participating in sports activities.
While some people associate introversion with depressions, this assumption is statistically unwarranted. Moreover, that is all information outside the prompt, so this is irrelevant and incorrect.

C. There was no difference between the magnitudes of the depressive symptoms observed in teenagers who participated in both creative and sports activities and those who participated just in creative ones.

Interesting. The kids who are depressed seem to head to the arts, regardless of whether athletics are involved. Promising.

D. Some very famous musicians and painters are patients of a psychological disorder called schizophrenia.
While this is true--true of one of my favorite composers, Robert Schumann (1810-1856)--this is irrelevant. In particular, there's no reason to assume a connection between depression, a condition that afflicts many ordinary people functioning in the world, with schizophrenia, a largely debilitating condition. This choice is incorrect.

E. The use of mood enhancing drugs was more prevalent among the students of schools winning various arts competitions than in the students of schools winning sports competitions.
A fascinating trap. Let's say Mozart Academy wins a bunch of art awards. We know "use of mood enhancing drugs" is high here, but is it used by the same artistic students who were most responsible for the school winning those awards? It could be, instead, that all the athletes on the sports team there are on Prozac. We don't know. This is a vague categorical statement, not precise. This is incorrect.

OA = (C)

To the credit of this question, it does have only one unambiguously correct answer. That's good. I would say 2-3 of the answers were slum-dunk easy to eliminate, so really the question reduces to the correct answer and a medium-hard trap. Overall, meh. Not the best question.

Here's a higher quality CR practice question.
ACL injuries

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

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Re: A recent study shows that teenagers participating in after school [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 15:55
A recent study shows that teenagers participating in after school creative activities such as music and painting are more likely to show symptoms of depression than teenagers who do not engage in such activities. It was also observed that teenagers who participated exclusively in sports showed the least signs of depression. Although one cannot conclude from these results that depression is caused merely by participating in creative activities, there is definitely a correlation between depression and engagement in such activities as the study also showed that _________________________.

Which of the following statements most logically completes the above passage?


Premise 1: teenagers participating activities such as music and painting show symptoms of depression than teenagers who engage in other activities.
Premise 2: teenagers participating in sports only showed the least sign of depression.

Conclusion: Although one cannot conclude from these results that depression is caused merely by participating in creative activities, there is definitely a correlation between depression and engagement in such activities as the study also showed that .....

Here, the missing statement should show that engaging in music and painting activities does indeed cause depression, so this statement should be supported by the 2 premises mentioned above.


A. girls participating in after-school creative activities reported higher rates of depression than boys participating in such activities.


this answer choice compares the depression rate between boys and girls for creative activities, it does give us more information about the relation between the creative activities and depression.


B. teenagers participating in activities such as music and painting were found to be significantly more introverted than teenagers participating in sports activities.

This answer is tempting, but if you look closely you will see that it supports the first premise only, we will keep it and move on.

C. there was no difference between the magnitudes of the depressive symptoms observed in teenagers who participated in both creative and sports activities and those who participated just in creative ones.

This answer choice tells us that teenagers who engage in both creative and sports activities are as depressed as the teenagers who engage in creative activities only, this answer shows us that although depression is not caused by creative activities, the latter does make the teenager more depressed, especially since we already tested the teenagers who engaged in sports activities and they were not as depressed as the teenagers who engaged in creative activities. This is Correct.
D. some very famous musicians and painters are patients of a psychological disorder called schizophrenia.
[b]
Because some famous musicians and painters have a psychological disorder does not give us any more information, I can think of a lot of athletes who do have psychological disorders or depressed.


E. the use of mood enhancing drugs was more prevalent among the students of schools winning various arts competitions than in the students of schools winning sports competitions.
[/b]
This statement's logic is similar to choice D, as it addresses a specific finding, unlike choice C where the the two entities being compared are bought to light.

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Re: A recent study shows that teenagers participating in after school   [#permalink] 18 Aug 2017, 15:55
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