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A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health

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A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 13:20
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A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health of person's heart and cardiovascular system. Five years ago, people under the age of 60 accounted for 50 percent of the people who had suffered one or more heart attacks. Today, people under the age of 60 account for only 40 percent of the people who have suffered one or more heart attacks. The same study shows that people under the age of 60 exercise more regularly today than they did 5 years ago, while the exercise habits of people aged 60 and over have remained the same.

Which one of the following most strengthens the argument?

A. Some people over the age of 60 exercise as much or more than do people under the age of 60.
B. The proportion of the population aged 60 and over has remained constant over the last five years.
C. The use of cholesterol-lowering drugs has reduced the frequency of heart attacks among all age groups.
D. People aged 60 and over are generally less capable of strenuous exercise than are people under the age of 60.
E. A number of factors, such as nutrition and stress levels, affect the incidence of heart attacks.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 17:29
IMO B

All options except B are out of scope. That the proportion remained constant means we are comparing apple to apple.


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Re: A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 20:14
P1 :- Regular exercise improves heart health
P2 :- 5 yrs ago, less than 60 yrs old had 50% of total 1 or more heart attack
P3 :- today, less than 60 yrs old have 40% of total 1 or more attack
P4 :- less than 60 yrs people workout more now while 60+ yrs old remain the same

Conclusion :- Workout has helped to reduce these numbers

B) The proportion of the population aged 60 and over has remained constant over the last five years. (This option sounds to me like a assumption rather than strengthner, if we negate it argument will fall apart)

meaning:- proportion was 60+ people was 1/3, its still 1/3 today i.e. if there were 33 (65+ yrs old 5 years ago) out of 99 then today might be 66 out of 198.


D.) People aged 60 and over are generally less capable of strenuous exercise than are people under the age of 60.

Meaning :- if 60+ yrs old people can't put any extra effort into workout hence their numbers are same, while younger than 60 yrs old can hence their heart attack numbers have reduced strengthens the conclusion.

Please let me know what d y'all think about my reasoning, any comments will be appreciated
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Re: A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 01:02
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MadaraU wrote:
P1 :- Regular exercise improves heart health
P2 :- 5 yrs ago, less than 60 yrs old had 50% of total 1 or more heart attack
P3 :- today, less than 60 yrs old have 40% of total 1 or more attack
P4 :- less than 60 yrs people workout more now while 60+ yrs old remain the same

Conclusion :- Workout has helped to reduce these numbers

B) The proportion of the population aged 60 and over has remained constant over the last five years. (This option sounds to me like a assumption rather than strengthner, if we negate it argument will fall apart)

meaning:- proportion was 60+ people was 1/3, its still 1/3 today i.e. if there were 33 (65+ yrs old 5 years ago) out of 99 then today might be 66 out of 198.


D.) People aged 60 and over are generally less capable of strenuous exercise than are people under the age of 60.

Meaning :- if 60+ yrs old people can't put any extra effort into workout hence their numbers are same, while younger than 60 yrs old can hence their heart attack numbers have reduced strengthens the conclusion.

Please let me know what d y'all think about my reasoning, any comments will be appreciated


Hi MadaraU,

I agree with your point of view of looking at this question.

For Option D,
This is out of scope since it is too limited and narrow and only focuses on "strenuous exercise". In this case, we are assuming that any non-strenuous exercise would not result in reduced chances of getting a heart attack, which does not directly comprehend with the argument.

For Option B,
You cannot apply the negation test in this case since it is a Strengthening question. Remember, Negation test is only applied to assumption questions.
Now as you correctly stated in P2 and P3, the percentage of people getting a heart attack under the age of 60 has gone down from 50% to 40%. This means, that now (P3), people over the age of 60 account for 60% of the people getting a heart attack.
As option B states that the proportion of people over 60 has remained the same, yet 60% of them now account for getting a heart attack compared to 50% (5 years ago). Therefore, this directly strengthens the argument.

Using your numbers,
P2- 16 out of 33 people (50%) over the age of 60 were getting a heart attack 5 years ago.
The proportion has remained the same over 5 years.
P3 - 40 out of 66 people (60%) over the age of 60 get a heart attack.

B is the answer

Let me know if this makes sense or if you have any more questions.

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Re: A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 01:06
gayatriv21 Paulli1982
The answer is B, as all other options are out of scope.
Please refer to the explanation I provided above to understand why Option B makes sense.

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Re: A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 13:22
B is answer:

Let 5 years ago >60 yrs were 200 and <60 yrs were 100.
for eg 100 ppl get heart attache , 5 yr ago , 50 were under 60 and 50 were above 60. % of people getting heart attache under age of 60 is 50 getting HA/100 total nr under 60 *100 =50 and >60 will be (50/200) x100
again now for same 100 people who get heart attache 40 are under 60 and 60 are above 60. % getting HA under 60 = (40/100) *100 = 40 and > 60yrs % will be (60/200)*100
clearly under age of 60 hear attache are reduced by 10%. hence strenghtens
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Re: A recent study suggests that regular exercise improves the health   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2017, 13:22
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