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A social worker surveyed 200 women who recently had given bi

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A social worker surveyed 200 women who recently had given bi [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2013, 06:21
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A social worker surveyed 200 women who recently had given birth to their first child. Half of these women had chosen to give birth in a hospital or obstetric clinic; the other half had chosen to give birth at home under the care of certified MIdwives. Of the 100 births that occurred at home, only five had presented any substantial complications, whereas 17 of the hospital births had required extra attention because of complications during delivery. The social worker concluded from this survey that the home is actually a safer environment in which to give birth than is a hospital or clinic.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously calls the social worker's conclusion above into question?

(A) All of the women in the study who were diagnosed as having a high possibility of delivery complications elected to give birth in a hospital.

(B) Many obstetricians discourage their patients from giving birth in their own homes.

(C) Women who give birth in their own homes tend to experience less stress during labor and delivery than do those who deliver in hospitals.

(D) Women who give birth in hospitals and clinics often have shorter periods of labor than do those who give birth at home.

(E) Pregnant doctors prefer giving birth in a hospital.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A social worker surveyed 200 women who recently had given bi [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2013, 06:46
A seems to be the best bet here.

The problem here is that the we are not actually considering the ACTUAL health conditions - state of mind, other medical problem/ condition/severity, etc.

Obviosuly, a woman being in a healthy state of mind and no eyebrow raising medical condition can expect to have a baby delivered at home. In case of medical urgencies, other health problems/complications etc where hospitals open more options in terms of care and facilities, it's best to visit them for deliveries.

So, A is the correct option.

B) is Out of scope as we are not considering any opinions of obstetricians

C) focusses more on the labor and delivery pieces but those are NOT the actual main thing here.

d) The question does not speak about labour pain in particular. So, we can ignore this option.

E) Out of scope

Hope this helps !!
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A social worker surveyed 200 women who recently had given bi [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2018, 22:11
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma

How does (A) fit in to bill here?
Main conclusion: Home is a safer environment than hospital or clinic.
Reason: 5 out of 100 suffer substantial complications at home, whereas 17 out of 100 suffer same at hospitals. Since later ratio is more, I can make above claim.

Quote:
(A) All of the women in the study who were diagnosed as having a high possibility of delivery complications elected to give birth in a hospital.

Why does women preference matter?

Quote:
(D) Women who give birth in hospitals and clinics often have shorter periods of labor than do those who give birth at home.

Yes, this weakens the claim that home is more safe for pregnant women than hospitals.
I can assume to link periods of labor with complications.
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A social worker surveyed 200 women who recently had given bi   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2018, 22:11
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