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A spy fails by being caught, and it is normally only through being cau

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A spy fails by being caught, and it is normally only through being cau  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 01:31
1
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (02:11) correct 44% (02:20) wrong based on 127 sessions

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A spy fails by being caught, and it is normally only through being caught that spies reveal their methods. The successful spy is never caught. So the available data are skewed: One can learn a lot about what makes a spy fail but very little about what makes a spy succeed.

Which one of the following arguments is most similar in its reasoning to the argument above?

(A) Of those who participated in the marathon, some succeeded and others failed. But those who did not participate at all neither succeeded nor failed, since both success and failure require participation.

(B) People who are aware of their motives can articulate them. But unconscious motives are usually impossible to acknowledge. So people are more likely to hear about other people's conscious motives than their unconscious ones.

(C) It is unclear whether the company's venture succeeded because the criteria for its success are undefined. But if the venture had bad a measurable goal, then it would have been possible to judge its success.

(D) A teacher is someone who teaches. In addition, there are people who teach but are not called teachers. So while the number of those called teachers is large, the number of those who teach is even larger.

(E) Because someone intervened in the conflict, the effects of that intervention can be discerned. But since no one can investigate what does not happen, it is impossible to discern what would have happened had someone not intervened.

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 10:27
Stuck between B and E and finally chose E.
Can anyone explain why E is incorrect and B is correct?

Thanks in advance!
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New post 18 Sep 2018, 10:51
May someone please explain similarity between answer choice B and provided question
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New post 18 Sep 2018, 16:46
1
tarunanandani wrote:
Stuck between B and E and finally chose E.
Can anyone explain why E is incorrect and B is correct?

Thanks in advance!


I decided B over E based on the word "very little" in the question. Answer B has the similar wording about probability "more likely" while the answer E gives no room for uncertainty with the word "it's impossible"
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New post 19 Sep 2018, 02:15
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Answer Choice Analysis:
(A) A number of terms mismatch. Our spy argument split spies into two groups. This answer has three groups (successes, failures, and did-not-competes).

(B) Looks good! We have two sides of the same coin (conscious vs. unconscious motives), and a conclusion about learning more about one side. We wouldn't pick it on our first pass (since on Matching questions it's important to work wrong-to-right), but this ultimately is correct.

(C) Term/premise mismatch. Our argument about spies clearly defines the terms, whereas this argument explicitly tells us that we haven't defined them.

(D) Conclusion mismatch. Our argument concludes that we learn more about one side of the coin than the other. This conclusion is about counting the two sides. Additionally, there's a premise mismatch, since our two groups in the argument are mutually exclusive (you can't be both an unsuccessful and successful spy), but the groups here aren't (you can both be a teacher and a teacher who isn't called one).

(E) Premise/conclusion mismatch. Our conclusion here is about an alternative possible outcome, not the flipside of the same coin. To highlight the difference here's what a similar argument would look like that would be a correct answer


So answer is B
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A spy fails by being caught, and it is normally only through being cau  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2018, 04:13
Very close call between B and E. But between B and E, B refers to an event which will anyway happen irrespective of any condition whereas E refers to an event which will not happen if a certain another event (intervention) has already happened. B is closest, a successful spy will not cease to exist if a failed spy got caught. Similarly unconscious thoughts will not cease to exist just because conscious thoughts have been expressed.

IMO B.
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New post 19 Sep 2018, 07:13
Please explain how the answer choice E is incorrect and B is correct in this question, also I would like to know how to tackle such questions.
Thank you!
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Re: A spy fails by being caught, and it is normally only through being cau   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2018, 07:13
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