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# According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent

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24 Apr 2012, 04:15
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According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive prices for the American consumer.

A. amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
B. number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
C. numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
D. number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
E. amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher

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24 Apr 2012, 14:17
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2
Number = countable things (people, products)
Amount = non-countable things (usually describes the extent of things)

In this question, 'irrigation systems' can be counted so we want 'number.' Eliminate (A) and (E). 'Numbers of' is unidiomatic so eliminate (C).

Expensive refers to the price of an actual product. You cannot, however, have a more expensive price.
Higher relates to how much something is. Therefore, we use higher to modify 'price.' Eliminate (D).

That leaves us with (C) as the answer.

1. According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by
foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive prices for the American consumer.
amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher ANSWER
numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
• number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
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24 Apr 2012, 04:41
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According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by
foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
prices for the American consumer.
amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
• number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
• number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
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24 Apr 2012, 21:43
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2. The portion of the interest earned on the state university’s endowment that is set aside to fund merit scholarships
for outstanding high school seniors is more numerous than that set aside to fund the university’s high-powered
athletic program.
• is more numerous than
• are more numerous than
• is greater than
• is greater
• are greater than

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24 Apr 2012, 21:44
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3. Of the three major candidates for President in 2004, Ralph Nader, an independent who had represented the Green
Party in the 2000 election, received the least media coverage and ultimately the fewest votes.
• received the least media coverage and ultimately less votes than did the other candidates
• received the smallest amount of media coverage and ultimately the smallest number of votes

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24 Apr 2012, 21:46

sc-new-questions-700-level-130947.html#p1076122
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26 Apr 2012, 12:12
mohankumarbd wrote:
3. Of the three major candidates for President in 2004, Ralph Nader, an independent who had represented the Green
Party in the 2000 election, received the least media coverage and ultimately the fewest votes.
• received the least media coverage and ultimately less votes than did the other candidates
• received the smallest amount of media coverage and ultimately the smallest number of votes

I think the OA should be (A) because the comparison is among three candidates and so the superlative form should be used.
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27 Apr 2012, 06:34
mohankumarbd wrote:
2. The portion of the interest earned on the state university’s endowment that is set aside to fund merit scholarships
for outstanding high school seniors is more numerous than that set aside to fund the university’s high-powered
athletic program.
• is more numerous than
• are more numerous than
• is greater than
• is greater
• are greater than

I choosed C.
Why the portion is more numerous?
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27 Apr 2012, 06:35
kernelsid wrote:

I think the OA should be (A) because the comparison is among three candidates and so the superlative form should be used.

I used the same logic to solve this question. Could anybody explain why OA is C?
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27 Apr 2012, 12:45
mohankumarbd wrote:
1. According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by
foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
prices for the American consumer.
• amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
• number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
• numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
• number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
• amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher

I got B.

The "irrigation systems" are countable, so "number" is the correct way to refer to them.
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03 May 2012, 23:20
Can anyone please explain ques 2 and 3?
I got both incorrect
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03 May 2012, 23:51
Yes Please help with 2, 3. I got them incorrect as well and could not figure out the concept behind. Thank you.
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04 May 2012, 00:35
I also answered 2nd and 3rd questions incorrect. Could you please shed light on?
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07 May 2012, 13:14
@ChrisLele I hope you meant B as the answer.
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23 May 2012, 00:27
mohankumarbd wrote:
3. Of the three major candidates for President in 2004, Ralph Nader, an independent who had represented the Green
Party in the 2000 election, received the least media coverage and ultimately the fewest votes.
• received the least media coverage and ultimately less votes than did the other candidates
• received the smallest amount of media coverage and ultimately the smallest number of votes

i take the A....caz it match parallelism.....
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15 Jun 2012, 03:37
mohankumarbd wrote:
3. Of the three major candidates for President in 2004, Ralph Nader, an independent who had represented the Green
Party in the 2000 election, received the least media coverage and ultimately the fewest votes.
• received the least media coverage and ultimately less votes than did the other candidates
• received the smallest amount of media coverage and ultimately the smallest number of votes

It really shouldn't be C, the message intent gets changed "lowest number"---> "a lower number".
Same with B.

Having said that, A is also out since "fewest" is a definite no-no on GMAT.

Now, D and E...both seem good enough and D is the winner coz of consice ...but I have a doubt with than did the other candidates is valid or not.
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05 Oct 2012, 03:24
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According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive prices for the American consumer.

(a) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(b) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(c) numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(d) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(e) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher

The original sentence uses the incorrect quantity expression “the amount” rather than the appropriate “the number” to describe the countable noun “systems.” The construction “the amount” can be used to describe only non-countable nouns, such as “water,” “ice,” and “information,” while "the number" can be used to describe countable nouns. Furthermore, the original sentence uses the incorrect expression “more expensive” to describe “prices.” While goods or services can be more or less expensive, their prices can be only higher or lower.

For example, you wouldn't say "This price is more expensive than that one"; instead, you would say "This price is higher than that one."

• (A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

• (B) CORRECT. This answer choice supplies the proper quantitative expression “the number” to refer to the countable noun “systems” and replaces the incorrect phrase “more expensive” with the proper adjective “higher” that should be used to describe “prices.”

• (C) This answer choice uses the incorrect phrase "the numbers of." Correct phrases can include the plural "a number of" or the singular "the number of" (which is the correct usage in this sentence) but will never include "the numbers of."

• (D) This answer choice uses the incorrect expression “more expensive” to describe “prices.” While goods or services can be more or less expensive, their prices can be only higher or lower.

• (E) This answer choice uses the incorrect quantity expression “the amount” rather than the appropriate “the number” to describe the countable noun “systems.” The construction “the amount” can be used to describe only non-countable nouns, such as “water,” “ice,” and “information.”

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05 Oct 2012, 03:48
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According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive prices for the American consumer.

(a) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(b) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(c) numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(d) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(e) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher

original choice has 2 errors -
1. irrigation systems are count nouns and amount is the incorrect word we need "number of" - eliminate A,E
2. the non underline part has the word prices - therefore the underlined part can not end with expensive - its redundant -eliminate D

In choice C- "numbers of" is an incorrect phase and should never be used in GMAT. Eliminate choice C.

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05 Oct 2012, 04:08
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yashii9 covers almost all the things here!
Just a note that "expensive" can be an adjective for stuffs.
For e.g: I wear an expensive watch.
However "expensive" sounds ridiculous when it acts as an adjective for prices.
For e.g: Iphone's expensive price will lead to increased android market share.
This is clearly redundant.
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17 Oct 2012, 09:16
1
yashii9 wrote:
According to the Federal Trade Commission, the recent increase in the amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive prices for the American consumer.

(a) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(b) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(c) numbers of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher
(d) number of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in more expensive
(e) amount of irrigation systems sold by foreign conglomerates in the United States has resulted in higher

original choice has 2 errors -
1. irrigation systems are count nouns and amount is the incorrect word we need "number of" - eliminate A,E
2. the non underline part has the word prices - therefore the underlined part can not end with expensive - its redundant -eliminate D

In choice C- "numbers of" is an incorrect phase and should never be used in GMAT. Eliminate choice C.

One doubt : Comparitive word must be followed by THAN. Is it ? None of the answers have THAN. Can you explain in detail the usage of comparitive words.

Thanks.
Re: According to the Federal Trade Commission   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2012, 09:16

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