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# According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to

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According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 09 Nov 2018, 01:15
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91% (00:49) correct 9% (01:06) wrong based on 193 sessions

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According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to the substitution of a mild word in place of a harsher word, such as saying ‘passed away’ rather than ‘dead’.

(A) referring to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word

(B) refers to the substitution of a harsh word with a milder one

(C) which refers to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word

(D) is the substitution of a harsh word with a more milder word

(E) is when you substitute of a mild word with a harsher word

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Originally posted by carcass on 30 Jan 2017, 14:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Nov 2018, 01:15, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2017, 20:42
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(A) referring to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Missing verb error.

(B) refers to the substitution of a harsh word with a milder one - Correct.

(C) which refers to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Missing verb error.

(D) is the substitution of a harsh word with a more milder word - Incorrect. Illogical. The term is not the substitution of .......

(E) is when you substitute of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Awkward.

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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2017, 20:46
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carcass wrote:

According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to the substitution of a mild word in place of a harsher word, such as saying ‘passed away’ rather than ‘dead’.

(A) referring to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word
(B) refers to the substitution of a harsh word with a milder one
(C) which refers to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word
(D) is the substitution of a harsh word with a more milder word
(E) is when you substitute of a mild word with a harsher word

Thanks for the question.
The problem with the original sentence is the lack of main verb.Option A and C are out.
When is wrongly used in option E.IMO,this choice doesn't formally worded.
Comparative form of mild doesn't require "more".Only B remains.

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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2017, 20:18
Hello,

Can anyone help me in understanding Missing verb error or lack of main verb for the options A &C.? As far as I have understood, the options A & C indicates to replace a mild word with a harsh word, but I couldn't get the context of missing verb error or lack of main verb.

(A) referring to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Missing verb error.

(B) refers to the substitution of a harsh word with a milder one - Correct.

(C) which refers to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Missing verb error.

Thanks
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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2017, 20:45
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Hello,

Can anyone help me in understanding Missing verb error or lack of main verb for the options A &C.? As far as I have understood, the options A & C indicates to replace a mild word with a harsh word, but I couldn't get the context of missing verb error or lack of main verb.

(A) referring to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Missing verb error.

(B) refers to the substitution of a harsh word with a milder one - Correct.

(C) which refers to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Missing verb error.

Thanks

Hi,
Option A : According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to the substitution of a mild word in place of a harsher word, such as saying ‘passed away’ rather than ‘dead’.-- the bold part looks like a modifier;there is no verb for the subject the term 'euphemism'.

The same goes for option C as "which" modifies the term 'euphemism'.
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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2017, 03:48
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Hello,

Can anyone help me in understanding Missing verb error or lack of main verb for the options A &C.? As far as I have understood, the options A & C indicates to replace a mild word with a harsh word, but I couldn't get the context of missing verb error or lack of main verb.

(A) referring to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Missing verb error.

(B) refers to the substitution of a harsh word with a milder one - Correct.

(C) which refers to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word - Incorrect. Missing verb error.

Thanks

In a nutshell

According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to the substitution of a mild word in place of a harsher word, such as saying ‘passed away’ rather than ‘dead’.

(A) referring to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word
(B) refers to the substitution of a harsh word with a milder one
(C) which refers to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word

A) should be : is referring..............referring is wrong.

C) which refers is wrong: without a comma before which that as it turns out, modify what precedes WHICH itself ......is almost always wrong on the gmat.

B is the best
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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2017, 07:39

There is a very good video example from magoosh on the "missing verb mistake" topic.Hope this might could help.
https://gmat.magoosh.com/lessons/914-th ... rb-mistake
But don't try to follow this rules blindly.In the question,option B and D both have the proper verb,but option D changes the meaning completely.So,be careful.
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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2017, 18:10
(A) referring to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word
(B) refers to the substitution of a harsh word with a milder one
(C) which refers to the substitution of a mild word with a harsher word
(D) is the substitution of a harsh word with a more milder word
(E) is when you substitute of a mild word with a harsher word

Meaning : we are substituting harsher word with a mild word --- but not viceversa
Eliminate ACE
D - without refer changes the meaning ---
B
Is my analysis right?Thanks
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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2018, 10:16
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There are two reasons to eliminate D.
More milder- more is redundant; milder is already in its comparative form
Secondly, the world 'euphemism' is itself not the substitution. The word 'refers' to the substitution.

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Re: According to the Oxford dictionary, the term ‘euphemism’ referring to   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2018, 10:16
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