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Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many

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Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 Jan 2019, 07:53
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Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many copper items, and is produced, like iron rust, over the course of time by the exposure of the metal to the oxygen in the atmosphere.

a) visible on many copper items, and is produced
b) that is visible on many copper items, and which produces
c) visible on many copper items, and produces
d) that is visible on many copper items, and that produces
e) which is visible on many copper items, and which is produced.

Can somebody suggest what ''visible on many....'' refers or modifies to ? Bloom i.e. immediate noun or Aerugo ?

Please let me know what are the Modifiers rule for such constructions.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/aerugo-also- ... 47216.html

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Originally posted by dinesh86 on 10 Nov 2014, 07:00.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Jan 2019, 07:53, edited 2 times in total.
Added OA & underlined Text
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Re: Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2014, 08:59
dinesh86 wrote:
Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many copper items, and is produced, like iron rust, over the course of time by the exposure of the metal to the oxygen in the atmosphere.

a) visible on many copper items, and is produced
b) that is visible on many copper items, and which produces
c) visible on many copper items, and produces
d) that is visible on many copper items, and that produces
e) which is visible on many copper items, and which is produced.

Can somebody suggest what ''visible on many....'' refers or modifies to ? Bloom i.e. immediate noun or Aerugo ?

Please let me know what are the Modifiers rule for such constructions.



I suspect the answer is A!!

By the way, answering your question...the expression 'visible on many' clearly modifies the noun touching it i.e. the 'green "bloom"'
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Re: Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2014, 23:18
Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many copper items, and is produced, like iron rust, over the course of time by the exposure of the metal to the oxygen in the atmosphere.

a) visible on many copper items, and is produced - Correct. ‘Visible’ and ‘is produced’ are related to ‘’green bloom’’ and are parallel.

b) that is visible on many copper items, and which produces – That & Which parallelism error. Also, ‘Produces’ changes the meaning.

c) visible on many copper items, and produces - It seems green ‘’bloom’’ produces sth instead of it is being produced (change in meaning due to passive to active)

d) that is visible on many copper items, and that produces – Same as C

e) which is visible on many copper items, and which is produced – There should be comma before Which. ‘Visible’ and ‘is produced’ are essential information therefore non-restrictive clause with ‘Which’ is wrong.

Correct me if i missed sth.... :?
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Re: Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2014, 00:50
My answer is A.

B and D can be eliminated because you don´t use THAT when the modified noun (green "bloom") is the object of the clause.
C can be eliminated from the intended meaning of the sentence. it must be "Aerogu,...,and is produced"
between A and E, I choose A because "which" is used to refer to the preceding noun. In this case the second "which" in the sentence do not has a preceding noun.
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Re: Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2014, 04:51
dinesh86 wrote:
Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many copper items, and is produced, like iron rust, over the course of time by the exposure of the metal to the oxygen in the atmosphere.

a) visible on many copper items, and is produced -- fine - hold it.
b) that is visible on many copper items, and which produces -- parallelism error -- we can not have that || which clause.
c) visible on many copper items, and produces -- produces (active voice) -- Aerugo is not producing anything here, instead it is being produced by something.
d) that is visible on many copper items, and that produces -- same as C -- active voice issue.
e) which is visible on many copper items, and which is produced. -- by keeping two clause parallel at same level. we are introducing ambiguity that "by the exposure ... blah blah" is making bloom visible as well, but that is not the case here; passive part only required for "is produced".

Can somebody suggest what ''visible on many....'' refers or modifies to ? Bloom i.e. immediate noun or Aerugo ?

Please let me know what are the Modifiers rule for such constructions.


It's a bit debatable. Here bloom refers to Aerugo; therefore modifier to bloom is indirectly referring to Aerugo. Such reference is acceptable.
A should be the answer.
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Re: Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2014, 12:12
The rules for posting in verbal section are mandatory

the right title of the topic. The question underlined, above all, are the most important tules to follow

The post is locked. Next time I will rise a warning. Sorry, but the rules are the rules
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Re: Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 07:53
dinesh86 wrote:
Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many copper items, and is produced, like iron rust, over the course of time by the exposure of the metal to the oxygen in the atmosphere.

a) visible on many copper items, and is produced
b) that is visible on many copper items, and which produces
c) visible on many copper items, and produces
d) that is visible on many copper items, and that produces
e) which is visible on many copper items, and which is produced.

Can somebody suggest what ''visible on many....'' refers or modifies to ? Bloom i.e. immediate noun or Aerugo ?

Please let me know what are the Modifiers rule for such constructions.



OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/aerugo-also- ... 47216.html
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Re: Aerugo, also known as verdigris, is the green "bloom" visible on many   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2019, 07:53
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