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After massive military preparations for Operation Barbarossa, the Axis

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After massive military preparations for Operation Barbarossa, the Axis  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2019, 10:31
4
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:41) correct 43% (01:58) wrong based on 180 sessions

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After massive military preparations for Operation Barbarossa, the Axis powers were poised to conquer the Soviet Union in the summer of 1941, but their defeat at the Battle of Moscow in December of that year reveals that they had not imagined the Red Army will mobilize troops from the vast Soviet territories.

A. reveals that they had not imagined the Red Army will mobilize troops from the vast Soviet territories

B. reveals it hadn't been imagined that the Red Army would mobilize troops from the vast Soviet territories

c. revealed that they hadn't imagined the Red Army will mobilize troops from the vast territories of the Soviet Union

D. revealed that they did not imagine that the Red Army would mobilize troops from the Soviet Union's vast territory

E.revealed that they had not imagined the Red Army would mobilize troops from the vast Soviet territories

Source: Economist Gmat
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Re: After massive military preparations for Operation Barbarossa, the Axis  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2019, 10:51
IMO E

order of event: Axis powers had not imagined that red army would mobilize troops----> Axis powers were poised---> Axis powers were defeated in the battle in 1941.

Error: Since the statement presents actions which happened in past, use of WOULD is preferred and usage of WILL is wrong.

A. reveals that they had not imagined the Red Army will mobilize troops from the vast Soviet territories---wrong usage of will

B. reveals it hadn't been imagined that the Red Army would mobilize troops from the vast Soviet territories---wrong usage of IT for plural subject Axis powers

c. revealed that they hadn't imagined the Red Army will mobilize troops from the vast territories of the Soviet Union---Wrong usage of will

D. revealed that they did not imagine that the Red Army would mobilize troops from the Soviet Union's vast territory---No usage of had to indicate the order of events

E.revealed that they had not imagined the Red Army would mobilize troops from the vast Soviet territories--correct
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Re: After massive military preparations for Operation Barbarossa, the Axis  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2019, 00:47
A. The sentence uses the Present Simple tense reveals to describe an event that occurred at a specific moment in the past (the Battle of Moscow in December 1941).

In addition, the second part of the sentence is anchored in the past by the Past Perfect verb had not imagined. By default, this sentence should remain in the Past tense. The verb will mobilize, however, is in the Future tense.

B. While this answer choice corrects one of the original tense mistake, it repeats the other. Using the Present tense reveals to describe an event that occurred at a specific moment in the past (the Battle of Moscow in December 1941) is grammatically incorrect.

C.The second part of the sentence is anchored in the past by the Past Perfect verb hadn't imagined. By default, this sentence should remain in the Past tense. The verb will mobilize, however, is in the Future tense.

D. While this answer choice corrects both original tense mistakes, it is grammatically incorrect: it uses the Past Simple tense (did not imagine) to describe an action that was completed before another action in the past.

Since the Axis power's failure to imagine that the Soviet military would mobilize occurred before the Battle of Moscow revealed this failure, the Past Perfect tense should be used to describe the earlier action.

E. this is correct answer
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Re: After massive military preparations for Operation Barbarossa, the Axis  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2019, 05:41
Although it sounded a bit awkward, I chose option D.

Can someone please explain why past perfect tense in option E is correct despite the presence of time marker ?
Does it have anything to do with IC's.
Do the sequence of events in second independent clause call for usage of past perfect tense?
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Re: After massive military preparations for Operation Barbarossa, the Axis  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2019, 21:19
I solved this question by eliminating based on the word " Imagined". Imagined means hypothetical and that means would should come.

Considering this:

Eliminate a &c.

b: Is passive hence eliminate

of d and e ; e is more logical as did not doesn't fits here.

Hence the answer is E.
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Re: After massive military preparations for Operation Barbarossa, the Axis   [#permalink] 22 Mar 2019, 21:19
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