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After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed

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After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2015, 12:40
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After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they will feel less satisfied with their lives.

(A) After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they will

(B) After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believe that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they would

(C) Psychologists, having reviewed a recent survey into parenthood, claimed that the majority of parents believed that they will probably be happier without children although many stated that they would

(D) Having reviewed a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children; nevertheless, many stated that they would

(E) Upon reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many state that they would

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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2015, 03:00
I am confused between option B and D. How to eliminate B?
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2015, 03:18
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gmatguy16 wrote:
I am confused between option B and D. How to eliminate B?


B uses the wrong thense with "believe". Mind as a general rule for reported speech: Once in the past, always in the past. Use the same tense in reported speech.
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2015, 03:46
After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they will feel less satisfied with their lives.

A. After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they will

B. After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believe that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they would

C. Psychologists, having reviewed a recent survey into parenthood, claimed that the majority of parents believed that they will probably be happier without children although many stated that they would

D. Having reviewed a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children; nevertheless, many stated that they would

E. Upon reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many state that they would
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 06:57
reto wrote:
gmatguy16 wrote:
I am confused between option B and D. How to eliminate B?


B uses the wrong thense with "believe". Mind as a general rule for reported speech: Once in the past, always in the past. Use the same tense in reported speech.



Could you please explain more ?
Believed that.....would .....would
Believe that ....will ...will
is this correct?

Could please tell me, why although is incorrect?
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 19:10
Hi

Would is used in the cases of "Future Past" and will is used in the cases of "Simple future".
Here the key word is "believed"."Psychologists claimed that the couple believed".The action has begun in the past indicated by "claimed" and the couple predict something that they believe is true,a classical case of future past.
Hope I am clear


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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 20:35
For similar type problems around sequence of tenses, try searching for Magoosh's article on Sequence of Tenses. I cannot post links yet; however, I did want to share that information as I found it very helpful during prep to better understand tenses in statement of fact sentences.
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 20:40
Hello all,
I am still confuse regarding usage of will and would here in B and D.
Can you please explain once again
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 20:59
Abhishake22

This is an indirect speech sentence. The future tense in this type of sentence uses a subjunctive for a hypothetical future: (will do Z) becomes (would do Z). Take a look at my previous comment and search for that article. It provides a great debrief on the structure of indirect speech sentences.
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2015, 22:10
reto wrote:
After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they will feel less satisfied with their lives.


A. After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they will

B. After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believe that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they would

C. Psychologists, having reviewed a recent survey into parenthood, claimed that the majority of parents believed that they will probably be happier without children although many stated that they would

D. Having reviewed a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children; nevertheless, many stated that they would

E. Upon reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children although many state that they would


I choose D because the parallelism in tensese : believed, would, stated, would. we need to maintain the parallelism intense beteen two paralel content. But

d has a problem
the independent clause after semicolon is considered paralel grammatically with the main clause , psychologist claimes. this is not logci
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2018, 03:22
Can 'believe' in choice B represent an action that is the fact?
IMO, data from the survey is the fact. If you come back to the data from survey, it will tell you the same.
Or we cannot mix the tenses. I am confused now.
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After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2018, 04:58
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I am not a fan of the OA.
The default referent for a subject pronoun is the PRECEDING SUBJECT.
OA: Psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believed that they would probably be happier without children; nevertheless, many stated that they would feel less satisfied with their lives.
Here, many is a subject pronoun for stated.
Thus, the default referent for many is psychologists -- the main subject of the preceding clause -- especially since many stated and psychologists claimed are parallel constructions.
However, the intended referent for many is parents.
I recommend that you focus on other SCs.
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Re: After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2018, 20:38
Shouldn't believe that be better than believed that, even though the survey is old, the belief would still be there like a fact and hence we should use Simple present. Gmat NINJA
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After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2018, 05:45
B. After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed that the majority of parents believe that they would probably be happier without children although many stated that they would

believe and stated should be parallel, which is not the case here. Believe is the simple present whereas stated is simple past. Both these verbs take the same subject : parents. So, we can eliminate B.
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After reviewing a recent survey into parenthood, psychologists claimed   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2018, 05:45
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