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# Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss

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Director
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Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2005, 06:06
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82% (00:38) correct 18% (00:51) wrong based on 27 sessions

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Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.
(A) the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year
(B) the erosion of heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls causes a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
(C) erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
(D) an annual loss approaching two million acres of arable land per year results from erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls
(E) annually a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year is caused by erosion due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls
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16 Jan 2005, 10:08
I go with D, i think they estimate the amount of loss of arable land, D puts it in the right context, however, A too sounds OK.

whats OA?
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17 Jan 2005, 19:57
I choose D also, But I think D makes the sentence passive. and passive is a no-no in GMAT
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Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2009, 08:12
1
1
Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.

(A) the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year
(B) the erosion of heavy rainfall and inadequate flood control causes a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
(C) erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
(D) an annual loss approaching two million acres of arable land per year results from results from erosion caused by heavy rainfall and unadequate flood controls
(E) annually a loss of arable land approaching two million acres is caused by erosion due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls
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16 Aug 2009, 08:21
Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.

a) same
b) the erosion of heavy rainfall and inadequate flood control causes a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
c)erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
d)an annual loss approaching two million acres of arable land per year results from results from erosion caused by heavy rainfall and unadequate flood controls: redundant : results from and caused by
e) annualy a loss of arable land approaching two million acres is caused by erosion due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls

Between A and B , IMO A: as B has approaching ( dsnt go with estimation )
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16 Aug 2009, 08:50
tkarthi4u wrote:
Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.

a) same
b) the erosion of heavy rainfall and inadequate flood control causes a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
c)erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
d)an annual loss approaching two million acres of arable land per year results from results from erosion caused by heavy rainfall and unadequate flood controls
e) annualy a loss of arable land approaching two million acres is caused by erosion due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls

I narrowed it down to A and D .. for some reason D doesnt sound right so I am going with A.

In B, and C, land approaching is wrong .. ( it means land that is approaching?)

IMO A.
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Updated on: 16 Aug 2009, 11:52
IMO C

A. by erosion of arable land...by heavy rainfall

D. an annual loss.... per year , redundant

E. annualy awkward

between B and C , in C results in is correct usuage, than causes
so C

what is the OA?

Originally posted by crejoc on 16 Aug 2009, 10:58.
Last edited by crejoc on 16 Aug 2009, 11:52, edited 1 time in total.
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16 Aug 2009, 11:20
C

A is wrong: annual .... per year - redundancy.
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16 Aug 2009, 11:44
crejoc wrote:
IMO C

A. by erosion of arable land...by heavy rainfall

D. an annual loss.... per year , redundant

E. annualy awkward

between B and C , in C results in is correct usuage, than causes
so B

what is the OA?

Nice catch...... Fight between B and C...

Wats the OA
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16 Aug 2009, 19:39
Thank you Walker.

This was taken from the Princeton class room Workout book. I do not have th OA. I put it so that we could discuss.IF anybody has please help .
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17 Aug 2009, 03:40
tkarthi4u wrote:
Thank you Walker.

This was taken from the Princeton class room Workout book. I do not have th OA. I put it so that we could discuss.IF anybody has please help .

It is already discussed in this forum, OA is C
sc-agricultural-scientists-13223.html?highlight=Agricultural+scientists+have+estimated+that+the+annual+loss+by+erosion+of
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28 Jul 2011, 07:08
A, D and E are out because of redundancy "annual" and "per year"

B is out because of awkwark construction "the erosion of heavy rainfall" how eroision could be of ranfall?? The correct "erosion caused by heavy rainfall".

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07 Sep 2011, 11:40
Quote:
Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.

a) the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.
b) the erosion of heavy rainfall and inadequate flood control causes a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
c)erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
d)an annual loss approaching two million acres of arable land per year results from erosion caused by heavy rainfall and unadequate flood controls
e) annualy a loss of arable land approaching two million acres is caused by erosion due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls

A - 'annual loss by erosion of arable land' sounds awkward
D - redundancy - 'an annual loss...per year'
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10 Sep 2011, 10:25
tkarthi4u wrote:
Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.

a) same
b) the erosion of heavy rainfall and inadequate flood control causes a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
c)erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
d)an annual loss approaching two million acres of arable land per year results from results from erosion caused by heavy rainfall and unadequate flood controls
e) annualy a loss of arable land approaching two million acres is caused by erosion due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls

Answer is C. It took 3:43 though.
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10 Sep 2011, 11:11
fieldsrd wrote:
tkarthi4u wrote:
Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.

a) same
b) the erosion of heavy rainfall and inadequate flood control causes a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
c)erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
d)an annual loss approaching two million acres of arable land per year results from results from erosion caused by heavy rainfall and unadequate flood controls
e) annualy a loss of arable land approaching two million acres is caused by erosion due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls

Answer is C. It took 3:43 though.

ok a quick q... why not E? any idea
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11 Sep 2011, 12:36
viks4gmat wrote:
fieldsrd wrote:
tkarthi4u wrote:
Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss by erosion of arable land caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls approaches two million acres per year.

a) same
b) the erosion of heavy rainfall and inadequate flood control causes a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
c)erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year
d)an annual loss approaching two million acres of arable land per year results from results from erosion caused by heavy rainfall and unadequate flood controls
e) annualy a loss of arable land approaching two million acres is caused by erosion due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls

Answer is C. It took 3:43 though.

ok a quick q... why not E? any idea

Other than "annualy" which I am sure is a typo, though i am not too sure weather "unadequate" in option D is, option E is constructed wrongly.
Agricultural scientists have estimated that X is caused by Y due to heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls.
This construction is wrong. If you need to modify Y you will need a noun modifier to do that. You cannot use "due to" to modify erosion.
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24 Sep 2011, 10:48
I have picked E, since the word per year is also underlined. so i replaced this per year with annually
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25 Sep 2011, 21:43
I also got C.
Is the C the correct answer?
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Re: Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2011, 23:22
Can some one explain how Approaching fit with estimate.
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Re: Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2012, 23:05
option C) Agricultural scientists have estimated that erosion caused by heavy rainfall and inadequate flood controls results in a loss of arable land approaching two million acres per year.

Guys I feel this answer changes the meaning and makes me conclude Agricultural scientists are more concerned with erosion as in main subject of that clause rather than annual loss

where as D and E preserves the original meaning that annual loss is important

A and D - redundant annual and per year usage

choice E retains the original sentence meaning and grammatically incorrect - caused by and due to, each one has the same meaning in grammar.

still confused so will go for C.

Any body wants to throw more light on choice E
Re: Agricultural scientists have estimated that the annual loss   [#permalink] 10 Jan 2012, 23:05

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