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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int

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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.


(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves

(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves

(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves

(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

Originally posted by abiswas on 01 Nov 2007, 12:50.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Jan 2019, 04:57, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2007, 16:03
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I also like D.

A) "with the intention to" is not necessary and wordy can change it to "intended"

B) they refers to Alsaka and therefore wrong. It would have been ok if it were state and not possessive "state's economy" Also sentence is wordy

C) Correct

D) Use of its is ambiguous. Pronoun should be as close as the noun. Here also there are several singular nouns (sale, oil etc) and therefore use of it is not correct.

E) same as B

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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2008, 05:56
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I agree that the "its" in D is wrong.
But there are other problems with D as well...

(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves

Fix the "its"

(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting the state's oil reserves


73. Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting the state's oil reserves.

-- there seems to be a tense problem though I can't pinpoint exactly what.
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2009, 02:01
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IMO C

(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves

its is ambiguous, it can refer to fund or Alaska. The preferred idiom is "with the intention of ..."

(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves

they and their do not agree in number with Alaska.

(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
Correct.

(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves

its is ambiguous as in A

(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
they has no reference.
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2010, 14:06
this one has not been clarified yet
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2010, 14:20
noboru wrote:
this one has not been clarified yet


Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.

Comma is redundant (A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves
Too wordy (B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
Wrong (D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves
Meaning changed - fund will be sustained after oil reserves are exhausted (E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2010, 08:54
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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.
(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

Can someone explain why "..... fund intended to..." is working on this sentence? I can't understand what role does "intended to" play here?

Many thanks
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2010, 11:33
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inactived wrote:
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.
(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

Can someone explain why "..... fund intended to..." is working on this sentence? I can't understand what role does "intended to" play here?

Many thanks


"Intended to" is playing the same role as "designed for" is playing in the following sentence.

"City Mayor is planning to approve the budget of a water park designed specially for kids".
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2012, 04:28
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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state's economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.

(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state's economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves . - Alaska does not have intentions.
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state's economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves - Fund does not have intentions.
(C) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after oil reserves are exhausted - Correct
(D) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after r exhausting its oil reserves - Who is going to exhaust the oil reserves? Alaska??
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state's economy after oil reserves are exhausted - Whom does they refer to?



I think the answer is (C).
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2013, 09:57
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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state's economy after the exhaustion
of its oil reserves.


(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state's economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state's economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state's economy after oil reserves are exhausted

My preference was to D official answer is C

Apart from this i have also one query.
In choice A "with the intension .........oil reserves" seems to modify the verb 'deposits'
Inchoice C "intended to .............are exhausted" seems to modify 'fund'
How should one decide/recognize which word logically be modified by the modifier.
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2013, 11:08
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My preference was to D official answer is C
(D) fund intended to sustain the state's economy after exhausting its oil reserves
-- The pronoun "its" is ambiguous, it can refer to both economy or alaska. Hence choice (D) is incorrect.



Apart from this i have also one query.
In choice A "with the intention .........oil reserves" seems to modify the verb 'deposits'
-- Choice (A) has redundant comma prefixed to "with", because of which the "with clause" appears to modify the entire first part of the sentence. Such constructions are usually less preferred in GMAT (including few OG solutions). And yes, "with intention" refers to the Alaska's action "deposits".

Inchoice C "intended to .............are exhausted" seems to modify 'fund'. How should one decide/recognize which word logically be modified by the modifier.
This is VERB-ED type modifier. Refer to below article and you will be more clear about this type of modifier.
ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html

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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2013, 11:35
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C

A is incorrect because it is wordy.

B is incorrect is wordy too and uses "they" without giving it a proper antecedent. One could assume "they" refers to "Alaska", but that would also be incorrect as Alaska is not a group of anything.

D is incorrect because it implies that the fund itself will exhaust the oil reserves. D is incorrect because it modifies the sentence's meaning.

E is incorrect because of the ambiguous "they".

I hope that helps :)
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2016, 20:41
inactived wrote:
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.
(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

Can someone explain why "..... fund intended to..." is working on this sentence? I can't understand what role does "intended to" play here?

Many thanks



Why is D incorrect? In D it is clear that the state's oil reserves, in C this clarity is missing.
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 12:00
manhasnoname wrote:
inactived wrote:
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.
(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

Can someone explain why "..... fund intended to..." is working on this sentence? I can't understand what role does "intended to" play here?

Many thanks



Why is D incorrect? In D it is clear that the state's oil reserves, in C this clarity is missing.


D is wrong because of ambiguous pronoun "its" - "its" could refer to " Alaska" / "state" or "economy". A possessive pronoun may have a non-possessive antecedent.
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 15:21
sayantanc2k wrote:
manhasnoname wrote:
inactived wrote:
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.
(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

Can someone explain why "..... fund intended to..." is working on this sentence? I can't understand what role does "intended to" play here?

Many thanks



Why is D incorrect? In D it is clear that the state's oil reserves, in C this clarity is missing.


D is wrong because of ambiguous pronoun "its" - "its" could refer to " Alaska" / "state" or "economy". A possessive pronoun may have a non-possessive antecedent.


In a sentence shouldn't all the possessives refer to one antecedent? Going by this, the sentence reads as "state's economy" and "its oil reserves". Since there is only one state (Alaska) in question here

state refers to Alaska

and

its refers to state's => Alaska's
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2016, 10:47
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manhasnoname wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
manhasnoname wrote:


Why is D incorrect? In D it is clear that the state's oil reserves, in C this clarity is missing.


D is wrong because of ambiguous pronoun "its" - "its" could refer to " Alaska" / "state" or "economy". A possessive pronoun may have a non-possessive antecedent.


In a sentence shouldn't all the possessives refer to one antecedent? Going by this, the sentence reads as "state's economy" and "its oil reserves". Since there is only one state (Alaska) in question here

state refers to Alaska

and

its refers to state's => Alaska's


Perhaps my explanation was clear: The pronoun "its" may have two antecedents - "Alaska" (or "state") AND "economy". Therefore the pronoun "its" is ambiguous.

(Note: There is no such rule as "In a sentence all the possessives refer to one antecedent" whatsoever.)
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2018, 20:24
abiswas wrote:
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.

(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves

(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves

(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves

(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted


look at choice D.
"its" in choice D can be a problem. but the main problem is "exhausting".
logically, "exhausting" must refer to " intended to sustain the economy". but this reference is not logic. "exhasting" must refer to a subject of a full clause.

another possibility is that "exhausting" refers to "alaska". but logically this reference is not logic because "Alaska deposit after exhausting" can not be logic

so, the only good chance is that " exhausting" refer to "fund intended to sustain the economy". but this phrase is not a full clause with subject to which "exhausting" can refer to. so, this chance isi also can not be acceptable.

this is particularly hard problem. it takes me a long time to analyze choice D. i dont think that I can do so in test room.
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2018, 20:55
abiswas wrote:
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.

(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves

(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves

(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves

(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted



A - says Special fund has some intention, intention is their for Alaska so incorrect

B - they ? , all should be sigular ( use only it or its) - incorrect

C - Seems good , funded intended (which means it is intended for some reason ),

D - Alaska is not trying to exhaust and do something with fund. it planned after the reserves get exhausted - incorrect

E - again they - incorrect
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2019, 10:25
abiswas wrote:
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.


(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the state’s economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves

(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the state’s economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves

(C) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted

(D) fund intended to sustain the state’s economy after exhausting its oil reserves

(E) fund that they intend to sustain the state’s economy after oil reserves are exhausted


why choice a is wrong.

with intention to get into us business school, I go to gmat class.

here, "with intention..." modifies the subject I and also modifies the whole main clause. "with intention..." shows the purpose of the main clause. but "with intention..." must be close to the subject.

in choice a, "with intention..." can be used to show the purpose of the subject and the main clause. but this phrase is placed in wrong place. it should be placed at the beginning of the sentence. this is the only reason for which choice A is wrong.

it is logic to show a purpose of the subject and the main clause by using "with intention to do". choice A is not wrong for this point.
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Re: Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil int   [#permalink] 12 Apr 2019, 10:25
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