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Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage

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Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 06:00
1
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A
B
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D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:59) correct 49% (02:26) wrong based on 136 sessions

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Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage containers. This ensures that plastic and glass bottles and aluminum cans are recycled. Your state should have a bottle deposit program.

John: My state has a comprehensive recycling program that features curbside recycling and recycling bins at highway rest stops, parks, and other public places. Studies have shown that comprehensive recycling programs more effectively encourage recycling than do bottle deposit programs alone. Therefore, my state should not adopt a bottle deposit program.

John’s conclusion would be most weakened by which of the following?

(A) Ten-cent bottle deposit programs are more effective than five-cent deposit programs.
(B) Americans in every state are much more likely to recycle now than they were in the 1970s when most deposit laws were passed.
(C) Beverage bottles, on average, account for only 8 percent of the litter along highways and 4 percent of the solid waste in landfills.
(D) Many states, including Allen’s, have both a bottle deposit program and a comprehensive recycling program.
(E) Bottle deposit programs and comprehensive recycling programs are more effective at encouraging recycling than are ad campaigns.

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Re: Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 23:13
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Official Explanation.

In this question, you’re asked to weaken John’s conclusion that his state shouldn’t adopt the bottle deposit program. As evidence for his conclusion, John offers studies that show that the comprehensive recycling program currently in place in his state is better than a bottle deposit program.

You need to choose an answer that disproves one of John’s premises or that weakens the link between the premises and the conclusion. Eliminate A because the effectiveness of 5-cent versus 10-cent deposit programs is irrelevant to John’s argument. You can eliminate C because the issue is recycling, not littering. Choice E discusses ad campaigns, which are not part of the argument and don’t weaken the conclusion. Choice B seems to support John’s conclusion that a bottle-deposit program isn’t necessary, because it suggests that people in all states are recycling, even people in those states without a deposit program. Choice D damages John’s conclusion by weakening the link between his evidence and his conclusion. If many states have both comprehensive recycling and a deposit program, this option is possible for John’s state. That comprehensive recycling alone may be better than bottle deposits alone doesn’t mean John’s state shouldn’t have both.

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Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2019, 09:55
rohan2345 wrote:
Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage containers. This ensures that plastic and glass bottles and aluminum cans are recycled. Your state should have a bottle deposit program.

John: My state has a comprehensive recycling program that features curbside recycling and recycling bins at highway rest stops, parks, and other public places. Studies have shown that comprehensive recycling programs more effectively encourage recycling than do bottle deposit programs alone. Therefore, my state should not adopt a bottle deposit program.

John’s conclusion would be most weakened by which of the following?

(A) Ten-cent bottle deposit programs are more effective than five-cent deposit programs.
(B) Americans in every state are much more likely to recycle now than they were in the 1970s when most deposit laws were passed.
(C) Beverage bottles, on average, account for only 8 percent of the litter along highways and 4 percent of the solid waste in landfills.
(D) Many states, including Allen’s, have both a bottle deposit program and a comprehensive recycling program.
(E) Bottle deposit programs and comprehensive recycling programs are more effective at encouraging recycling than are ad campaigns.



Hi,

are this type of question asked in GMAT?
the option can only be reached by POE.
As option D does not prove anything.
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Re: Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 02:21
kanthaliya wrote:
rohan2345 wrote:
Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage containers. This ensures that plastic and glass bottles and aluminum cans are recycled. Your state should have a bottle deposit program.

John: My state has a comprehensive recycling program that features curbside recycling and recycling bins at highway rest stops, parks, and other public places. Studies have shown that comprehensive recycling programs more effectively encourage recycling than do bottle deposit programs alone. Therefore, my state should not adopt a bottle deposit program.

John’s conclusion would be most weakened by which of the following?

(A) Ten-cent bottle deposit programs are more effective than five-cent deposit programs.
(B) Americans in every state are much more likely to recycle now than they were in the 1970s when most deposit laws were passed.
(C) Beverage bottles, on average, account for only 8 percent of the litter along highways and 4 percent of the solid waste in landfills.
(D) Many states, including Allen’s, have both a bottle deposit program and a comprehensive recycling program.
(E) Bottle deposit programs and comprehensive recycling programs are more effective at encouraging recycling than are ad campaigns.



Hi,

are this type of question asked in GMAT?
the option can only be reached by POE.
As option D does not prove anything.


Hi,

Anything that would attack the conclusion made by John would qualify as a weakener.

Conclusion - My state should not adopt a bottle deposit program because "Studies have shown that comprehensive recycling programs more effectively encourage recycling than do bottle deposit programs alone."

Thus, any option that conveys the importance of bottle programs along with comprehensive recycling programs should be our weakener.
Option D rightly does so by saying that many states have both programs.

I feel this option would have been an even strong contender had it elaborated on the success of adopting both bottle and comprehensive recycling programs.

Hope it helps.
Thanks!
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Re: Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2019, 02:21
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Allen: Our state has a ten-cent deposit on all carbonated beverage

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