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Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy

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Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Dec 2018, 23:08
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Question Stats:

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Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after they give birth -- many disorders, including metabolic diseases such as ketosis and fatty liver, are known to occur at this time -- it is believed to play a beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation.


(A) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth

(B) Although inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth, is a cause for concern among farmers

(C) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, occurring commonly after birth

(D) Occurring commonly after birth, inflammation in female dairy cattle is a cause for concern among farmers

(E) Inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after birth, although it is a cause for concern among farmers



Source: Prep4GMAT Android App

Originally posted by raffaytarar on 21 Sep 2015, 00:13.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Dec 2018, 23:08, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2015, 06:01
raffaytarar wrote:
Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after they give birth -- many disorders, including metabolic diseases such as ketosis and fatty liver, are known to occur at this time -- it is believed to play a beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation.

Source: Prep4GMAT Android App

I understand inflammation is a cause of concern in farmers.
it occurs commonly after cattle give birth
many disorders occur during that time
it is believed to play a beneficial role

How can B be correct even if it uses which to refer cattle instead of inflammation.
Harley1980 can u help?
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2015, 06:10
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Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after they give birth[/u] -- many disorders, including metabolic diseases such as ketosis and fatty liver, are known to occur at this time -- it is believed to play a beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation.

As we read the Q stem ,we realize that the underlined portion has to stand out as a complete sentence on its own..

(A) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth
incomplete sentence.... no verb
(B) Although inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth birth, is a cause for concern among farmers
correct, the best choice avail..
(C) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, occurring commonly after birth
incomplete sentence.... no verb again
(D) Occurring commonly after birth, inflammation in female dairy cattle is a cause for concern among farmers
although complete sentence , it changes the meaning.. whose birth? not clear
(E) Inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after birth, although it is a cause for concern among farmers
incomplete sentence.... no verb again

ans B
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2015, 06:14
chetan2u wrote:
Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after they give birth[/u] -- many disorders, including metabolic diseases such as ketosis and fatty liver, are known to occur at this time -- it is believed to play a beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation.

As we read the Q stem ,we realize that the underlined portion has to stand out as a complete sentence on its own..

(A) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth
incomplete sentence.... no verb
(B) Although inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth birth, is a cause for concern among farmers
correct, the best choice avail..
(C) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, occurring commonly after birth
incomplete sentence.... no verb again
(D) Occurring commonly after birth, inflammation in female dairy cattle is a cause for concern among farmers
although complete sentence , it changes the meaning.. whose birth? not clear
(E) Inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after birth, although it is a cause for concern among farmers
incomplete sentence.... no verb again

ans B


But how can which be directly placed after cattle? Wouldn't it be then modifying cattle and not inflammation?
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2015, 08:32
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Let’s look at it logically and not literally. The word cattle is treated as plural , so , a singular verb such ‘occurs’ is inapt; hence 'which' should be referring to a singular noun i.e., inflammation. Secondly, what kind of meaning is conveyed by the statement, “cattle, which occurs after birth”. In view of the absurdity in logic, the touch rule has been given a go-by in this context.
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 22:46
Many of you missed an important meaning error in B.
"which occurs commonly just after birth" - this means that just after birth the inflamation in pregnant female cattle happens. This changes the meaning.
Choice B should be "Although inflammation in female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after they give birth, is a cause for concern among farmers"
Refer : http://www.gmatfree.com/module-76/dairy-cattle/
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 23:29
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A debatable OA
In B, the reference to pregnant cattle is devoid of logic. Pregnant cattle are no more pregnant after they give birth. We might at best say simply, cattle after delivering the calves. The touch rule reference of ", which" to inflammation is equally pointless
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 00:46
raffaytarar wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after they give birth[/u] -- many disorders, including metabolic diseases such as ketosis and fatty liver, are known to occur at this time -- it is believed to play a beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation.

As we read the Q stem ,we realize that the underlined portion has to stand out as a complete sentence on its own..

(A) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth
incomplete sentence.... no verb
(B) Although inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth birth, is a cause for concern among farmers
correct, the best choice avail..
(C) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, occurring commonly after birth
incomplete sentence.... no verb again
(D) Occurring commonly after birth, inflammation in female dairy cattle is a cause for concern among farmers
although complete sentence , it changes the meaning.. whose birth? not clear
(E) Inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after birth, although it is a cause for concern among farmers
incomplete sentence.... no verb again

ans B


But how can which be directly placed after cattle? Wouldn't it be then modifying cattle and not inflammation?


Hi, the "which" clause is modifying the whole noun clause "inflammation in female dairy cattle".
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2017, 06:13
Let us analyze, by removing the fluff.

Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after they give birth -- many disorders, including metabolic diseases such as ketosis and fatty liver, are known to occur at this time -- it is believed to play a beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation.

(A) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth - it is believed to play a beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation

WRONG - double subject error, as first independent clause is not complete.

(B) Although inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth, is a cause for concern among farmers
CORRECT - also "which" non vital modifier correctly modies inflammation, in pregnant female dairy cattle - prepositional phrase is vital modifier for inflammation. This is exception to touch rule in which a vital modifier can inserted between noun and non-vital modifier.

(C) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, occurring commonly after birth
WRONG - same as A, double subject error.

(D) Occurring commonly after birth, inflammation in female dairy cattle is a cause for concern among farmers

Looks wordy to me, also there is no expression of although to give a connection in terms of meaning between two clauses


(E) Inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after birth, although it is a cause for concern among farmers
WRONG - same as A - double subject error

Experts, please add/correct if anything wrong.

Thanks
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2019, 00:39
Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after they give birth -- many disorders, including metabolic diseases such as ketosis and fatty liver, are known to occur at this time -- it is believed to play a beneficial role in the complex process of going from late pregnancy to lactation.


(A) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth --> no main verb in the Although clause
(B) Although inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly just after birth, is a cause for concern among farmers --> correct

(C) Although a cause for concern among farmers, inflammation in female dairy cattle, occurring commonly after birth --> no main verb in the Although clause

(D) Occurring commonly after birth, inflammation in female dairy cattle is a cause for concern among farmers --> two ICs w/o any conjunction

(E) Inflammation in pregnant female dairy cattle, which occurs commonly after birth, although it is a cause for concern among farmers --> ambiguous antecedent of "it"?
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Re: Although a cause for concern in farmers, inflammation in female dairy &nbs [#permalink] 06 Jan 2019, 00:39
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