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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec

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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2016, 08:18
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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.

(A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally--Subejct is singular but HAVE is plural verb so this is wrong; In GMAT try to avoid THERE IS kind of contruction unless necessary as they decrease the impact of the sentence by making it wordy and indirect. If the same can be expressed in more direct way then prefer it.
(B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally-- past tense is not required; there being is unclear and awkward
(C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being-- past perfect is not required as there is no simple past verb in the sentence; Hopes for a recovery is not the intention of the sentence--HOPE and RECOVERY are independent. so this is wrong
(D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally--ok
(E) raised hopes for a recovery finally--the sentence need a present tense so RAISED is wrong; again hopes for a recovery is incorrect
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2017, 04:02
There is a split between "that a recovery is finally" vs "for a recovery is finally"

Please tell me the difference between them. And also do tell me the meaning of "that"
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2017, 11:38
nandeta92 wrote:
There is a split between "that a recovery is finally" vs "for a recovery is finally"

Please tell me the difference between them. And also do tell me the meaning of "that"


In option D, "that" is used as a conjunction to join the following clauses:
1. a surge in retail sales have raised hopes
2. there is a recovery finally under way

The construction is similar to the following:
I said that you would do good.

As a conjunction " that" must introduce a clause.

"Hopes for X" is also correct, but then X is the object of preposition "for" - an object of preposition should always be a noun. C and E could be correct ("hopes for recovery"), unless the faulty modifier "finally being" were used to modify the noun " recovery" in option C or the verb issue were there in both options C and E.
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2018, 08:49
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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.


(A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally

(B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally

(C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being

(D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally

(E) raised hopes for a recovery finally

Maybe there is no need to consider this question in any greater detail than the need for a singular present perfect tense as in D to describe a current extant phenomenon. On that count alone, we should be done with choice D as the best choice.

Any consideration whether 'there is a recovery finally' or 'a recovery is finally' is IMO is pedantic and infructuous per se, as the importance of a correctly tensed verb overwhelms other trivia. Generally, the adverb 'finally' should modify what follows next, or be placed at least close to its modifyee. After all, D is the only choice, in which the adverb is placed closest to the verb.
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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2019, 06:39
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Finally is adverb so need a verb,,,,,,
First clause in Present Perfect form
So raised is wrong....


And then a hint of Being.....helped
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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2020, 11:09
vikram4689 wrote:
Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.


(A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally

(B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally

(C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being

(D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally

(E) raised hopes for a recovery finally


The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 1
Page: 638

My question is related to MEANING only. I eliminated B & E as these options use "raised" and as per meaning PRESENT PERFECT should be used as hopes were raised in past and economists are talking about present


Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.


(A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally

(B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally

(C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being

(D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally

(E) raised hopes for a recovery finally

IMO D
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2020, 05:52
Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.


(A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally

The subject of the first clause is 'a surge', which is singular. Have is plural in nature. Hence, there is a subject-verb agreement error here. For this reason, eliminate (A).

(B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally

(B) sounds super awkward and wordy. Eliminate (B) right away.

(C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being - the past perfect tense is being used here. This literally changes the meaning of the entire sentence. Now, this sentence conveys to us that the act of raising hope had occurred in the past and is now complete. But if you pay attention to the second clause after the comma, we can infer that the usage of past perfect is incorrect in this context. Hence, (C) is incorrect.

(D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally - smooth and concise. Additionally, the singular subject 'a surge' is matched by the singular verb 'has'. Hence, (D) is the correct answer choice.

(E) raised hopes for a recovery finally - here, "for a recovery finally" is used as a prepositional phrase. recall that a phrase should not have a subject or the verb. but in this option, we have the subject 'recovery'. I think that (E) is wrong for this reason. Hence, eliminate (E).
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec   [#permalink] 18 May 2020, 05:52

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