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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec

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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2016, 08:18
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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.

(A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally--Subejct is singular but HAVE is plural verb so this is wrong; In GMAT try to avoid THERE IS kind of contruction unless necessary as they decrease the impact of the sentence by making it wordy and indirect. If the same can be expressed in more direct way then prefer it.
(B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally-- past tense is not required; there being is unclear and awkward
(C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being-- past perfect is not required as there is no simple past verb in the sentence; Hopes for a recovery is not the intention of the sentence--HOPE and RECOVERY are independent. so this is wrong
(D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally--ok
(E) raised hopes for a recovery finally--the sentence need a present tense so RAISED is wrong; again hopes for a recovery is incorrect
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2017, 04:02
There is a split between "that a recovery is finally" vs "for a recovery is finally"

Please tell me the difference between them. And also do tell me the meaning of "that"
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2017, 11:38
nandeta92 wrote:
There is a split between "that a recovery is finally" vs "for a recovery is finally"

Please tell me the difference between them. And also do tell me the meaning of "that"


In option D, "that" is used as a conjunction to join the following clauses:
1. a surge in retail sales have raised hopes
2. there is a recovery finally under way

The construction is similar to the following:
I said that you would do good.

As a conjunction " that" must introduce a clause.

"Hopes for X" is also correct, but then X is the object of preposition "for" - an object of preposition should always be a noun. C and E could be correct ("hopes for recovery"), unless the faulty modifier "finally being" were used to modify the noun " recovery" in option C or the verb issue were there in both options C and E.
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2018, 08:49
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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.


(A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally

(B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally

(C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being

(D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally

(E) raised hopes for a recovery finally

Maybe there is no need to consider this question in any greater detail than the need for a singular present perfect tense as in D to describe a current extant phenomenon. On that count alone, we should be done with choice D as the best choice.

Any consideration whether 'there is a recovery finally' or 'a recovery is finally' is IMO is pedantic and infructuous per se, as the importance of a correctly tensed verb overwhelms other trivia. Generally, the adverb 'finally' should modify what follows next, or be placed at least close to its modifyee. After all, D is the only choice, in which the adverb is placed closest to the verb.
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Re: Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a rec   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2018, 08:49

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