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Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last

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Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last two years, research indicates few people to have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do, nor are they making fuel efficiency a priority when shopping for cars.

A. few people to have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do, nor are they making

B. few people having significantly reduced the amount of driving they do or made

C. that there are few people who have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do, nor having made

D. that few people have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do and are not making

E. that few people have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do or made
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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samark -

Two things should be parallel if they fall into the same category:

Yesterday, I WENT to the store and SAW a movie. (the verbs that fall into the category "things I did yesterday" should be parallel.)

The pirate was famous for his PET PARROT and his WOODEN LEG (the "pet parrot" and "wooden leg" fall into the category "things for which the pirate was famous" and should be parallel)

Over the last decade, I have HIKED a dozen mountains and TRAVELED to over thirty countries. ("hiked" and "traveled" fall into the category "things I have done in the last decade" and thus must be parallel).

The difference with this last one, as you notice, is that the first verb is actually "have hiked." The reason you don't need to repeat the "have" is that the word "have" essentially distributes to both verbs. (Think about this in math terms: If you have the term 3(x+y) you can distribute the 3 and get 3x+3y).

As a result, you don't need to repeat the word "have" with the second verb. That's the principle behind the parallel verbs in choice E above.

Does that help?

Brett
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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2010, 08:15
Hi BKimball

Thanks for the explanation, i have a doubt. In your example can 'HIS' be removed and will it still make sense -

The pirate was famous for his PET PARROT and WOODEN LEG

Where exactly can the split/distribution be, can i assume in the above sentence that HIS distributes the parrot and leg?
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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2010, 09:26
samark wrote:
Hi,

I have a doubt regarding parallelism. Somewhere, I read people explaining in choice E about llism that "reduced" is parallel to "made".
Excerpts:
"Research Indicates 2 things that few people have significantly reduced x or(few people have significantly) made y.
Reduced and Made are parallel."

While, in my practice I don't use tense words for judging parallelism. How logical is that?
Even, if we consider, Isn't it "have reduced" in choice E which is the actual candidate for comparison? Please, clarify

Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last two years, research indicates few people to have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do, nor are they making fuel efficiency a priority when shopping for cars.

A. few people to have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do, nor are they making
B. few people having significantly reduced the amount of driving they do or made
C. that there are few people who have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do, nor having made
D. that few people have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do and are not making
E. that few people have significantly reduced the amount of driving they do or made


Thanks!

I chose E because of two reasons- it correctly uses "that" and "or".
A and B are eliminated because we need that after indicate.
C is out because it is wordy as it unnecessarily uses "there" and "who".
D is eliminated because of two reasons. One is parallelism issue and the other is the use of "and" and "not".
E Perfect answer.
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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2010, 10:00
BKimball wrote:
samark -

Two things should be parallel if they fall into the same category:

Yesterday, I WENT to the store and SAW a movie. (the verbs that fall into the category "things I did yesterday" should be parallel.)

The pirate was famous for his PET PARROT and his WOODEN LEG (the "pet parrot" and "wooden leg" fall into the category "things for which the pirate was famous" and should be parallel)

Over the last decade, I have HIKED a dozen mountains and TRAVELED to over thirty countries. ("hiked" and "traveled" fall into the category "things I have done in the last decade" and thus must be parallel).

The difference with this last one, as you notice, is that the first verb is actually "have hiked." The reason you don't need to repeat the "have" is that the word "have" essentially distributes to both verbs. (Think about this in math terms: If you have the term 3(x+y) you can distribute the 3 and get 3x+3y).

As a result, you don't need to repeat the word "have" with the second verb. That's the principle behind the parallel verbs in choice E above.

Does that help?

Brett


Hi BKimball,

I really appreciate ur help. I was little doubtful whether word "have" can be distributed further. Now, it is clear!

Cheers! :)
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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 00:00
BKimball wrote:
samark -

Two things should be parallel if they fall into the same category:

Yesterday, I WENT to the store and SAW a movie. (the verbs that fall into the category "things I did yesterday" should be parallel.)

The pirate was famous for his PET PARROT and his WOODEN LEG (the "pet parrot" and "wooden leg" fall into the category "things for which the pirate was famous" and should be parallel)

Over the last decade, I have HIKED a dozen mountains and TRAVELED to over thirty countries. ("hiked" and "traveled" fall into the category "things I have done in the last decade" and thus must be parallel).

The difference with this last one, as you notice, is that the first verb is actually "have hiked." The reason you don't need to repeat the "have" is that the word "have" essentially distributes to both verbs. (Think about this in math terms: If you have the term 3(x+y) you can distribute the 3 and get 3x+3y).

As a result, you don't need to repeat the word "have" with the second verb. That's the principle behind the parallel verbs in choice E above.

Does that help?

Brett



Nice explanation ,, Thanks...

I have a doubt with respect to the events happening in past e.g.

He won the lottery and moved to California. Within five years, he had filed for bankruptcy.

first event - he won the lottery and moved to california.
second event - within five years he had filed for bandfuptcy.

why do we use past particple for the second event , because second event is happening after first event , so i think simple past tense should be ideal.

pls explain
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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2010, 05:03
first event - he won the lottery and moved to california.
second event - within five years he had filed for bandfuptcy.

I think you have your past perfect tenses backwards. The older event needs "Had" + Past participle, while the newer event is just simple past.


Quote:
Nice explanation ,, Thanks...

I have a doubt with respect to the events happening in past e.g.

He won the lottery and moved to California. Within five years, he had filed for bankruptcy.

first event - he won the lottery and moved to california.
second event - within five years he had filed for bandfuptcy.

why do we use past particple for the second event , because second event is happening after first event , so i think simple past tense should be ideal.

pls explain
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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2017, 10:48
I can't understand why E is correct. The sentence starts with Although, which means there has to be a contrast. Option E suggests that few people have made fuel efficiency a priority while shopping for cars whereas the intended meaning is they have not.
Experts- Please comment.
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Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2017, 03:16
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RK84 wrote:
I can't understand why E is correct. The sentence starts with Although, which means there has to be a contrast. Option E suggests that few people have made fuel efficiency a priority while shopping for cars whereas the intended meaning is they have not.
Experts- Please comment.


The point is that only FEW People (not MANY People) have done so.
Re: Although energy prices have tripled in the United States over the last   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2017, 03:16
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