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Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau

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Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2016, 20:55
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Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging to the state and local authorities.

A. Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
B. Although the Federal Bureau of Investigation is a federal body, nevertheless it does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
C. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although a federal body, do not enforce law in the United States, this being a responsibility that belongs
D. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, do not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
E. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging

THIS QUESTION HAS BEEN PERMANENTLY RETIRED.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2016, 23:03
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E is correct.

A. Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging - Although or nevertheless both are not required.
B. Although the Federal Bureau of Investigation is a federal body, nevertheless it does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging - same reason as mentioned in A
C. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although a federal body, do not enforce law in the United States, this being a responsibility that belongs - Singular form should be used
D. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, do not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging - same as C
E. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging - No issues
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2017, 00:33
prasadyanz wrote:
Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging to the state and local authorities.

A. Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
B. Although the Federal Bureau of Investigation is a federal body, nevertheless it does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
C. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although a federal body, do not enforce law in the United States, this being a responsibility that belongs
D. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, do not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
E. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging


"Nevertheless" and "although" - redundancy ---> A, B are out
FBI is singular ----> C, D are out

It leaves us with E.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 05:57
Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging to the state and local authorities.

A. Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
B. Although the Federal Bureau of Investigation is a federal body, nevertheless it does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
C. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although a federal body, do not enforce law in the United States, this being a responsibility that belongs
D. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, do not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging
E. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belonging

This question checks our knowledge on redunduncy and subject verb agreement.

A and B are out because although and nevertheless are redundant.

C and D are out because Federal Bureau of Investigation is a singular subject and needs a singular verb.

E is the correct answer.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2017, 01:15
Shouldn't option E end with belongs?

The sentence would then read as follows:
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belongs to the state and local authorities.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2017, 02:02
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storm1327 wrote:
Shouldn't option E end with belongs?

The sentence would then read as follows:
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belongs to the state and local authorities.


Hi storm1327,

this is a case of 'Noun+Noun Modifier'

The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility (Noun) belonging (Noun modifier) to the state and local authorities.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2017, 06:28
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storm1327 wrote:
Shouldn't option E end with belongs?

The sentence would then read as follows:
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belongs to the state and local authorities.


In that case the sentence would be a run-on sentence: two independent clauses separated by a comma. The following would be correct though:

The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States; this responsibility belongs to the state and local authorities. (Two Independent clauses separated by a semi-colon).

In Option E, the part "this responsibility belonging to the state and local authorities" is an absolute phrase ( noun + noun modifier), as already explained in the post above.

Morover I have doubt whether GMAT prefers inserting a dependent clauses WITHIN an indepedent clause. Here the dependent clause "although it is a federal body" is inserted wthin the independent clause "The Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States." Ideally the dependent clause should be BEFORE OR AFTER the dependent clause.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2018, 04:00
sayantanc2k wrote:
storm1327 wrote:
Shouldn't option E end with belongs?

The sentence would then read as follows:
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States, this responsibility belongs to the state and local authorities.


In that case the sentence would be a run-on sentence: two independent clauses separated by a comma. The following would be correct though:

The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States; this responsibility belongs to the state and local authorities. (Two Independent clauses separated by a semi-colon).

In Option E, the part "this responsibility belonging to the state and local authorities" is an absolute phrase ( noun + noun modifier), as already explained in the post above.

Morover I have doubt whether GMAT prefers inserting a dependent clauses WITHIN an indepedent clause. Here the dependent clause "although it is a federal body" is inserted wthin the independent clause "The Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States." Ideally the dependent clause should be BEFORE OR AFTER the dependent clause.


Thank you Kchaudhary and sayantanc2k. This solves my confusion
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 14:28
Seems to be not good quality question.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 14:41
Please can you specify the source of the question?
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 14:57
I can see some sort of goofs in all answer choices.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 15:38
nuraliibodulla wrote:
Please can you specify the source of the question?

nuraliibodulla , the source, Economist GMAT, is specified in the tags above the question. You may need to "unhide" tags.

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New post 20 May 2019, 15:41
London1 wrote:
I can see some sort of goofs in all answer choices.

London1 , welcome to GMAT Club. :)

What is your specific issue with E?
The other answers should have "goofs." :)
They're wrong.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 15:57
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generis wrote:
London1 wrote:
I can see some sort of goofs in all answer choices.

London1 , welcome to GMAT Club. :)

What is your specific issue with E?
The other answers should have "goofs." :)
They're wrong.


Hi Generis,

Thank you very much for your reply,

I did some research on Absolute phrases and now I understand that I did a premature statement. I think E is ok now. But what is wrong then with A? In MGMAT's forum I have read that 'although' and 'nevertheless' can be used in this way. So why A is wrong?

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 32-15.html

here Ron says that nevertheless and although can be used together.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2019, 19:22
London1 wrote:
generis wrote:
London1 wrote:
I can see some sort of goofs in all answer choices.

London1 , welcome to GMAT Club. :)

What is your specific issue with E?
The other answers should have "goofs." :)
They're wrong.


Hi Generis,

Thank you very much for your reply,

I did some research on Absolute phrases and now I understand that I did a premature statement. I think E is ok now. But what is wrong then with A? In MGMAT's forum I have read that 'although' and 'nevertheless' can be used in this way. So why A is wrong?

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 32-15.html

here Ron says that nevertheless and although can be used together.

London1
Nicely done! You took the initiative to research an issue, digested what you found, and returned with a well-formulated question.

(A) is not ungrammatical. You're right.

You're probably not going to like this answer, but stylistically, (A) is not quite as good as (E).

In Ron's example, although means "but":
She'll be coming tonight, although I don't know exactly when.
Example taken from the definition HERE

In this case, although means "despite the fact that" or "despite being."
She walked home by herself, although she knew that it was dangerous.

Nevertheless means "in spite of that fact."

In (A), the simultaneous use of although and nevertheless is at best not necessary and at worst redundant.

The negation in the sentence makes matters worse (the FBI does NOT enforce law).

Sometimes really stripped versions help. Compare A and E:

(A) Even though X is an ABC, nevertheless X does not DEF.

(E) X, although it is an ABC, does not DEF.

I vote for E on three bases:

1) I'm sure that there are no redundancy issues.

2) Clarity - my native inner ear easily hears A without issue, but when I compare E to A, as I did in the stripped versions, E is clearer

3) concision: E says the same thing as A does, but E uses fewer words. (I admit that I am not a fan of this basis when options are this close, but GMAC is fairly strict about concision.)

Good work! +1
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2019, 05:42
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generis wrote:
Nicely done! You took the initiative to research an issue, digested what you found, and returned with a well-formulated question.

(A) is not ungrammatical. You're right.

You're probably not going to like this answer, but stylistically, (A) is not quite as good as (E).

In Ron's example, although means "but":
She'll be coming tonight, although I don't know exactly when.
Example taken from the definition HERE

In this case, although means "despite the fact that" or "despite being."
She walked home by herself, although she knew that it was dangerous.

Nevertheless means "in spite of that fact."

In (A), the simultaneous use of although and nevertheless is at best not necessary and at worst redundant.

The negation in the sentence makes matters worse (the FBI does NOT enforce law).

Sometimes really stripped versions help. Compare A and E:

(A) Even though X is an ABC, nevertheless X does not DEF.

(E) X, although it is an ABC, does not DEF.

I vote for E on three bases:

1) I'm sure that there are no redundancy issues.

2) Clarity - my native inner ear easily hears A without issue, but when I compare E to A, as I did in the stripped versions, E is clearer

3) concision: E says the same thing as A does, but E uses fewer words. (I admit that I am not a fan of this basis when options are this close, but GMAC is fairly strict about concision.)

Good work! +1



Hi Generis,

I enjoyed your detailed explanation. However, let me share a bit dissenting view.

A. Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau of Investigation does not enforce law in the United States...

In this particular choice both although and nevertheless indeed mean despite the fact that. Nevertheless, I don’t think that their simultaneous usage is at best not necessary and at worst redundant. Please consider the following example from the 2002 CGEL, page 776, example [2.iii], Huddleston Rodney, Pullum Geoffrey K. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language:

Although he affects a gruff exterior in many instances, nevertheless he is fundamentally a man of warm heart and gentle disposition.

Here is the explanation given in the book: “Another very common case is represented in [2.iii], where the connective adjunct has a reduplicative role: the relation between the main and subordinate clauses is already marked by although, so that nevertheless simply marks this relationship a second time”. In above example although and nevertheless both again mean despite the fact that, and their simultaneous usage is stylistically justifiable. Therefore, A has no mistake. Even though E is more concise than A, I still prefer A to E because E has a more serious mistake. Let’s sort E out.


E. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, although it is a federal body, does not enforce law in the United States...

According to Ron and Cambridge Dictionary the red part of the sentence is incorrect. Ron says that “If (al)though xxxxx INTERRUPTS the sentence, then xxxx should be only a modifier. In this case, xxxxx should NOT be a complete sentence”. For example:

Paula, though exhausted, managed to stay awake through her son's entire piano recital.

Audrey just admitted, though inadvertently, how she really feels about her mother-in-law.

The strong retail sales figures released today seem to indicate that the economy, although growing slowly, is not nearing a recession. (OG 13, SC36)

In all above examples (al)though xxxxx is in the form of a modifier and doesn’t have a verb in it. But in E ‘although it is a federal body’ is a complete sentence with a verb is and thus E is incorrect.

More on Ron’s view please read here: https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 31750.html


Additionally, Cambridge Dictionary says that “In formal situations, we can use although and though to introduce an -ing clause”. For example:

Peter, although working harder this term, still needs to put more work into mathematics.

The patient, though getting stronger, is still not well enough to come off his medication.

Cambridge Dictionary continues that “In formal speaking or writing, we can use although, though and even though to introduce a clause without a verb (a reduced clause)”. For example:

Raymond, although very interested, didn’t show any emotion when she invited him to go for a walk.

Though more expensive, the new model is safer and more efficient.

More on Cambridge Dictionary explanation please read here: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/gra ... -or-though and https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/gra ... nctions__3 'Position of subordinating conjunctions' part


In a nutshell, E has a serious mistake that makes it incorrect choice. D is incorrect for the same reason and for subject-verb disagreement. The correct usage of although (interrupting the sentence as a modifier) is given in C. “Although a federal body” in C acts as a noun modifier, not a complete sentence. However, C is incorrect due to subject-verb disagreement and flawed absolute phrase structure. A and B have the same structure and both are correct. The fact that this question has two correct answers and both of them are not an official one makes it a low quality question, as I wrote in my earlier post.

Please, let me know your stance on my thoughts.
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Re: Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2019, 11:28
Although reading such mind numbing answers from members of the community makes one think how intelligent and focused people are, nevertheless I am still confused about what should be the right answer :roll: :( :shh: :? :-o
Can some expert provide clarity on the answer choices which have been debated on this thread?
I have marked this question as dubious one in my scratch book as of now...
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Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2019, 11:41
Bombsante wrote:
I have marked this question as dubious one in my scratch book as of now...

Bombsante , you should mark it as dubious. In fact, delete it.

I don't have time right this moment to reply, but the bottom line is

1) the question is not official

2) the constructions it tests are not settled.

That is, other "authorities" support the position that I took.
I gave kudos to
ShukhratJon for presenting a dissenting opinion that is both incisive and polite. "Incisive" does not mean "the final answer."


I will lock and archive this question.

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Although it is a federal body, nevertheless the Federal Bureau   [#permalink] 21 May 2019, 11:41
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