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# Although it represents one of the five symptoms most frequently treat

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Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
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Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
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Although it represents one of the five symptoms most frequently treat  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2019, 20:02
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Although it represents one of the five symptoms most frequently treated by health professionals, the common cough presents surprising difficulty in diagnosis. The primary reason for this lies in the fact that a cough is symptomatic of an enormous number of medical problems, whose seriousness ranges from benign to deadly. Allergies, major and minor infections, narrowing of the bronchi, the lodging of foreign objects in the ear, mitral valve heart damage, and even psychosomatic factors can all result in a cough. Understandably, the true cause of the symptom is not always easy for doctors to diagnose, but the inherent difficulty in diagnosis has serious consequences for some patients: a doctor might easily misdiagnose a serious condition as a common cold or allergic reaction, allowing the underlying condition to persist or worsen.

To minimize the possibility of misdiagnosing a patient who complains of a cough, doctors should not rely on physical examination and testing alone to determine the source of the problem. Instead, physicians should take a holistic approach to diagnosis, considering factors such as medical history and recent exposure to viruses or allergens. Patient interviews often allow doctors to confirm their diagnoses of less serious causes of a cough, including the common cold and seasonal allergies. If the interview does not illuminate the cause of the cough, however, the attending physician must perform diagnostic tests such as chest radiographs, purified protein derivative tests, and tomography of the sinuses to help diagnose less obvious causes. Studies demonstrate that doctors who follow this standard protocol can successfully manage nine out of ten patients who present with a cough. For the remaining patients, a referral to a pulmonary specialist is an appropriate next step.

The primary purpose of this passage is to

a) discuss the various causes of the common cough.
b) emphasize the primary importance of medical tests in diagnosing a cough.
c) propose an effective diagnosis framework for an enigmatic and potentially lethal health condition.
d) demonstrate the inherent difficultly of diagnosing a patient who presents with a cough.
e) show the benefits of a cough's successful diagnosis.

The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

a) A cough is most often caused by environmental factors.
b) Coughs caused by lung-related maladies pose a more serious health risk and require more urgent diagnosis.
c) Doctors who do not interview patients never recognize coughing as a symptom of a virus or an allergic reaction.
d) Doctors who interview their patients may be more likely to correctly identify life-threatening conditions.
e) Interviews alone are more successful tools for diagnosis than medical techniques or instruments.

The author includes the first paragraph in order to:

a) List the most common causes of coughs.
b) Establish the challenge facing medical professionals in diagnosing the cause of a coughing.
c) Demonstrate that the common cough is actually one of the most serious existing medical conditions.
d) List the diagnostic techniques available to the medical community.
e) Capture the uniformity of the underlying roots of coughing spells.
.

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Re: Although it represents one of the five symptoms most frequently treat  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2019, 20:37

+1 kudos to all the posts containing proper explanations for all questions

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Re: Although it represents one of the five symptoms most frequently treat  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2019, 12:54
1
Passage is mainly concerned with the diagnosis of a cough
Starts with stating how a common cough is yet how difficult it is to diagnose. It does so by presenting the various possible reasons for showing the symptoms of a cough and also suggest that a proper diagnosis is essential as some of the underlying causes of a cough could be lethal.
Second passage details the way a physician could overcome this hurdle of diagnosis by looking at patient history, conducting patient interviews and further tests etc. if such preliminary efforts do not yield a satisfactory explanation to cough.

The primary purpose of this passage is to
a) discuss the various causes of the common cough. too detailed to be the primary purpose
b) emphasize the primary importance of medical tests in diagnosing a cough. again, too detailed and medical tests only have partial importance according to the passage.
c) propose an effective diagnosis framework for an enigmatic and potentially lethal health condition. Perfect - the passage starts with why an effective framework is necessary and ends with suggesting one.
d) demonstrate the inherent difficultly of diagnosing a patient who presents with a cough. TRAP - this is the first half - does not capture the complete picture and hence cannot be the main point
e) show the benefits of a cough's successful diagnosis. The benefits are implicit and are not shown. They are not even the point under consideration.

Need to understand the scope of the passage and also the tone of the author to be able to answer such open-ended questions.
The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
a) A cough is most often caused by environmental factors. Completely opposite of what is conveyed in the passage
b) Coughs caused by lung-related maladies pose a more serious health risk and require more urgent diagnosis. Not at all true as per passage, the passage also talks about a condition of the heart that causes a cough.
c) Doctors who do not interview patients never recognize coughing as a symptom of a virus or an allergic reaction. TRAP - words from passage are picked but "Never recognize" is too extreme and hence this could be the what the author believes.
d) Doctors who interview their patients may be more likely to correctly identify life-threatening conditions. Perfect - this is mentioned in the passage and the option is worded in a moderate way.
e) Interviews alone are more successful tools for diagnosis than medical techniques or instruments. Again, "interviews alone" is extreme. Interviews are just one of the steps in the diagnosis procedure.

Need to understand the flow of information in the passage
The author includes the first paragraph in order to:
a) List the most common causes of coughs. TRAP - this is what the paragraph does but not what the author intends to convey, we need to look at it from the main point perspective.
b) Establish the challenge facing medical professionals in diagnosing the cause of a coughing. Perfect - this is established and the rest of the passage talks about remedies to this challenge.
c) Demonstrate that the common cough is actually one of the most serious existing medical conditions. Nonsensical.
d) List the diagnostic techniques available to the medical community. Too open-ended and diagnostic techniques are discussed mainly in the second paragraph
e) Capture the uniformity of the underlying roots of coughing spells. Again, 180 opposite. There is no uniformity in causes.

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Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 240
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GPA: 3.97
Re: Although it represents one of the five symptoms most frequently treat  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2019, 19:21
1
Quite a simple passage. Lets go through the paraphrase first
In the first passage author talks about the symptms that cough denotes, whose seriousness ranges from benign to deadly and explains that its not always easy for doctors to understand the underlying cause of common cold.
Second passage explains in details how common protocol of setting up interviews can help in identifying the root cause of common cough.

Lets take questions now:
The primary purpose of this passage is to

a) discuss the various causes of the common cough. True but limited only to first passage and does not cover intent of author
b) emphasize the primary importance of medical tests in diagnosing a cough.True but limited only to first passage and does not cover intent of author
c) propose an effective diagnosis framework for an enigmatic and potentially lethal health condition. this stament covers he entire intent of author starting from why common could be lethal and second pararagraph motive of how establishing frameworks will b beneficial
d) demonstrate the inherent difficultly of diagnosing a patient who presents with a cough. cover only a small section in entire passage
e) show the benefits of a cough's successful diagnosis.cover only a small section in entire passage

The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

a) A cough is most often caused by environmental factors. Wrong. as explained in first paragraph cough can be caused by chronical diseases also
b) Coughs caused by lung-related maladies pose a more serious health risk and require more urgent diagnosis. Wrong. No comparison mentioned of cough caused by two diseases
c) Doctors who do not interview patients never recognize coughing as a symptom of a virus or an allergic reaction. Reverse is true but this is not explicit
d) Doctors who interview their patients may be more likely to correctly identify life-threatening conditions.Mentioned in second paragraph as a important key of identifying the disease
e) Interviews alone are more successful tools for diagnosis than medical techniques or instruments.Wrong. No comparison mentioned of techniques

The author includes the first paragraph in order to:

a) List the most common causes of coughs. author does mention the causes but that is not the primary reason. He mentions it to explain the challenged in identifying underlying causes
b) Establish the challenge facing medical professionals in diagnosing the cause of a coughing.This is the correct reason and explain its connectivity to second paragraph and passage as a whole
c) Demonstrate that the common cough is actually one of the most serious existing medical conditions.incorrect. Author himself explains that common cause underlying reasons can be very benign too
d) List the diagnostic techniques available to the medical community.No mention of diagnosis in first paragraph
e) Capture the uniformity of the underlying roots of coughing spells.Author talks about reverse, noon uniformity
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Re: Although it represents one of the five symptoms most frequently treat   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2019, 19:21
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