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Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
After going through zhanbo 's answer above, it really makes me ponder over what really is the intended meaning if there is one?
And the contrast I originally accrued to this sentence now looks shady.

If the contrast is as I interpreted it, then the answer should be (C). But, if that's not the case, then even (E) does not sound half bad. Because, in my original analysis, the only reason why I eliminated (E) was for its lack of contrast through the usage of the conjunction "and".

So, it really boils down to what the "author" wants to convey here. And just based on that preference either (E) or (C) or even (A), as Zhanbo has made his point, could be correct, a grim situation that GMAC would never put its test-taker into.
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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Ans:A
(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have--correct

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also..incomplete sentence

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is..there placeholder is not required..also some ambiguity is there..a is better

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also..and also is wrong here

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also..no connector for these two ics
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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
A seems a better bet than C, mostly because of the comparison. Use of 'but' is unecessary as 'strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness' is not necessarily a contradiction to 'protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy'. And, the usage of either-or or just an or is immaterial. In E the comparison is totally absent, so A seems the best bet.

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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have
"his" referring back to a possessive noun kafka's book..seems wrong..but hang on

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also
never makes it to a full sentence .incorrect

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is
as much as "there" seems questionable because what it's referring back to???, use of " but" brings a strong contrast. however,there's no contrast by the meaning. books centered on something negative.."but"... continues to point another negative rather than providing something opposite.


(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

same as B .incorrect

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also
"there" is referring back to??
although A seems wrong,but between A & E, A seems better choice to me
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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Sushil117 wrote:
(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also
"there" is referring back to??
although A seems wrong,but between A & E, A seems better choice to me

In this sentence "there" is referring to content in the Kafka's books.
"there" is not always used to refer to a "place". There are other idiomatic usages where you can use "there". Such as this one below:
: in that matter, respect, or relation
    //there is where I disagree with you
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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also


 


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Grammatical Construction + Modifiers + Meaning + Idioms + Redundancy/Awkwardness

Understanding the intended meaning is key to solving this question; the intended meaning of this sentence is that most of Kafka’s books are centered on one of two elements- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books there is also a third, similar, element- a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

    • “despite” and "in spite of" are used to highlight a contrast wherein a positive element is followed by a negative element, “though”, “although”, and "even though" are used to highlight a contrast wherein a negative element is followed by a positive element, and “while” is used for actions that take place simultaneously, irrespective of whether these actions are positive, negative, or neutral.

A. Trap. This answer choice incorrectly uses “Although” in a context wherein no contrast exits; the three elements stated to be common to most of Kafka’s books- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime, disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness, are all similar; please remember, “although” is only used to highlight a contrast wherein the negative element is followed by the positive element.

B. Trap. This answer choice fails to form a complete sentence; both “Although most of Kafka’s books are centered…” and “also a strong focus on the damage…” are dependent clauses, meaning there is no independent clause for the modifying phrases to act upon. Further, Option B incorrectly uses “Although” in a context wherein no contrast exists; the three elements stated to be common to most of Kafka’s books- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime, disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness are all similar; please remember, “although” is only used to highlight a contrast wherein the negative element is followed by the positive element.

C. Trap. This answer choice alters the meaning of the sentence through the phrase “but within these books, there is…”; the use of “but” incorrectly implies that in contrast to the fact that most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, within them there is a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness; the intended meaning of the sentence is that most of Kafka’s books are centered on one of two elements- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also a third, similar, element- a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

D. This answer choice alters the meaning of the sentence through the phrase, “and also a strong focus on…”; the construction of this phrase illogically implies that most of Kafka’s books and a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness are primarily centered on a protagonist's loss of identity or disenfranchisement; the intended meaning is that most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and these books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness. Further, Option D fails to form a complete sentence as the phrase “most of Kafka’s books and also…” lacks an active verb to act upon the subjects “most of Kafka’s books” and “a strong focus on the damage”; therefore, there is no independent clause for the modifier phrase “Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity…” to act upon. Additionally, Option D uses the redundant phrase “and also”, rendering it needlessly wordy.

E. Correct. This answer choice correctly uses the “comma + conjunction (“and” in this sentence)” construction to join the two independent clauses “Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss…” and “within these books, there is also…” to form a complete sentence and convey the intended meaning of the sentence- that most of Kafka’s books are centered on one of two elements- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also a third, similar, element- a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness. Further, Option E avoids the meaning error seen in Options A and B, as it employs no contrasting conjunctions, such as “although” or “but”. Besides, Option E is free of any awkwardness or redundancy.

E is the best answer choice.
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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also


 


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Why Option E is not a comma splice? isn't comma separating two independent clauses? ''and within these books'' is just a non essential modifiers juxtaposed between two commas. Please resolve my query.

Thank You
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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
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VIGHNESHKAMATH wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also


 


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Why Option E is not a comma splice? isn't comma separating two independent clauses? ''and within these books'' is just a non essential modifiers juxtaposed between two commas. Please resolve my query.

Thank You
Vighnesh


Hello VIGHNESHKAMATH,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, in this question, "Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy" and "there is also a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness" are two ICs linked by the "comma + conjunction ("and" in this sentence) construction, and "within these books" is a modifier action upon the latter clause.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Bunuel wrote:
Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also


 


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Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
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