Last visit was: 23 Jul 2024, 13:10 It is currently 23 Jul 2024, 13:10
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

# Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 94589
Own Kudos [?]: 643351 [11]
Given Kudos: 86728
Admitted - Which School Forum Moderator
Joined: 25 Oct 2020
Posts: 1124
Own Kudos [?]: 1091 [1]
Given Kudos: 629
Schools: Ross '25 (M\$)
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42 (Online)
VP
Joined: 27 Feb 2017
Posts: 1472
Own Kudos [?]: 2326 [0]
Given Kudos: 114
Location: United States (WA)
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GMAT 2: 760 Q50 V42
GRE 1: Q169 V168

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Admitted - Which School Forum Moderator
Joined: 25 Oct 2020
Posts: 1124
Own Kudos [?]: 1091 [0]
Given Kudos: 629
Schools: Ross '25 (M\$)
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42 (Online)
Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
After going through zhanbo 's answer above, it really makes me ponder over what really is the intended meaning if there is one?
And the contrast I originally accrued to this sentence now looks shady.

If the contrast is as I interpreted it, then the answer should be (C). But, if that's not the case, then even (E) does not sound half bad. Because, in my original analysis, the only reason why I eliminated (E) was for its lack of contrast through the usage of the conjunction "and".

So, it really boils down to what the "author" wants to convey here. And just based on that preference either (E) or (C) or even (A), as Zhanbo has made his point, could be correct, a grim situation that GMAC would never put its test-taker into.
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Dec 2017
Posts: 257
Own Kudos [?]: 274 [0]
Given Kudos: 22
Location: India
GMAT 1: 580 Q42 V27
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Ans:A
(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have--correct

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also..incomplete sentence

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is..there placeholder is not required..also some ambiguity is there..a is better

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also..and also is wrong here

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also..no connector for these two ics
Manager
Joined: 08 Mar 2021
Posts: 135
Own Kudos [?]: 53 [0]
Given Kudos: 304
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
A seems a better bet than C, mostly because of the comparison. Use of 'but' is unecessary as 'strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness' is not necessarily a contradiction to 'protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy'. And, the usage of either-or or just an or is immaterial. In E the comparison is totally absent, so A seems the best bet.

Posted from my mobile device
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Mar 2020
Posts: 256
Own Kudos [?]: 294 [0]
Given Kudos: 100
Location: India
GPA: 3.3
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have
"his" referring back to a possessive noun kafka's book..seems wrong..but hang on

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also
never makes it to a full sentence .incorrect

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is
as much as "there" seems questionable because what it's referring back to???, use of " but" brings a strong contrast. however,there's no contrast by the meaning. books centered on something negative.."but"... continues to point another negative rather than providing something opposite.

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

same as B .incorrect

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also
"there" is referring back to??
although A seems wrong,but between A & E, A seems better choice to me
Admitted - Which School Forum Moderator
Joined: 25 Oct 2020
Posts: 1124
Own Kudos [?]: 1091 [0]
Given Kudos: 629
Schools: Ross '25 (M\$)
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42 (Online)
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Sushil117 wrote:
(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also
"there" is referring back to??
although A seems wrong,but between A & E, A seems better choice to me

In this sentence "there" is referring to content in the Kafka's books.
"there" is not always used to refer to a "place". There are other idiomatic usages where you can use "there". Such as this one below:
: in that matter, respect, or relation
//there is where I disagree with you
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 94589
Own Kudos [?]: 643351 [1]
Given Kudos: 86728
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
1
Bookmarks
Bunuel wrote:
Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also

 This Month's Questions are Sponsored by Experts' Global for the GMAT Club SC Butler

Project SC Butler

Expert's Global Official Explanation:

Grammatical Construction + Modifiers + Meaning + Idioms + Redundancy/Awkwardness

Understanding the intended meaning is key to solving this question; the intended meaning of this sentence is that most of Kafka’s books are centered on one of two elements- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books there is also a third, similar, element- a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

• “despite” and "in spite of" are used to highlight a contrast wherein a positive element is followed by a negative element, “though”, “although”, and "even though" are used to highlight a contrast wherein a negative element is followed by a positive element, and “while” is used for actions that take place simultaneously, irrespective of whether these actions are positive, negative, or neutral.

A. Trap. This answer choice incorrectly uses “Although” in a context wherein no contrast exits; the three elements stated to be common to most of Kafka’s books- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime, disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness, are all similar; please remember, “although” is only used to highlight a contrast wherein the negative element is followed by the positive element.

B. Trap. This answer choice fails to form a complete sentence; both “Although most of Kafka’s books are centered…” and “also a strong focus on the damage…” are dependent clauses, meaning there is no independent clause for the modifying phrases to act upon. Further, Option B incorrectly uses “Although” in a context wherein no contrast exists; the three elements stated to be common to most of Kafka’s books- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime, disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness are all similar; please remember, “although” is only used to highlight a contrast wherein the negative element is followed by the positive element.

C. Trap. This answer choice alters the meaning of the sentence through the phrase “but within these books, there is…”; the use of “but” incorrectly implies that in contrast to the fact that most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, within them there is a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness; the intended meaning of the sentence is that most of Kafka’s books are centered on one of two elements- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also a third, similar, element- a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

D. This answer choice alters the meaning of the sentence through the phrase, “and also a strong focus on…”; the construction of this phrase illogically implies that most of Kafka’s books and a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness are primarily centered on a protagonist's loss of identity or disenfranchisement; the intended meaning is that most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and these books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness. Further, Option D fails to form a complete sentence as the phrase “most of Kafka’s books and also…” lacks an active verb to act upon the subjects “most of Kafka’s books” and “a strong focus on the damage”; therefore, there is no independent clause for the modifier phrase “Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity…” to act upon. Additionally, Option D uses the redundant phrase “and also”, rendering it needlessly wordy.

E. Correct. This answer choice correctly uses the “comma + conjunction (“and” in this sentence)” construction to join the two independent clauses “Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss…” and “within these books, there is also…” to form a complete sentence and convey the intended meaning of the sentence- that most of Kafka’s books are centered on one of two elements- a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also a third, similar, element- a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness. Further, Option E avoids the meaning error seen in Options A and B, as it employs no contrasting conjunctions, such as “although” or “but”. Besides, Option E is free of any awkwardness or redundancy.

E is the best answer choice.
Manager
Joined: 28 Sep 2021
Posts: 154
Own Kudos [?]: 50 [0]
Given Kudos: 259
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also

 This Month's Questions are Sponsored by Experts' Global for the GMAT Club SC Butler

Project SC Butler

Why Option E is not a comma splice? isn't comma separating two independent clauses? ''and within these books'' is just a non essential modifiers juxtaposed between two commas. Please resolve my query.

Thank You
Vighnesh
Experts' Global Representative
Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 5128
Own Kudos [?]: 4694 [0]
Given Kudos: 38
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
VIGHNESHKAMATH wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also

 This Month's Questions are Sponsored by Experts' Global for the GMAT Club SC Butler

Project SC Butler

Why Option E is not a comma splice? isn't comma separating two independent clauses? ''and within these books'' is just a non essential modifiers juxtaposed between two commas. Please resolve my query.

Thank You
Vighnesh

Hello VIGHNESHKAMATH,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, in this question, "Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy" and "there is also a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness" are two ICs linked by the "comma + conjunction ("and" in this sentence) construction, and "within these books" is a modifier action upon the latter clause.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
Experts' Global Team
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 94589
Own Kudos [?]: 643351 [0]
Given Kudos: 86728
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have a strong focus on the damage done to personal relationships by materialism and image-consciousness.

(A) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on either a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, his books also have

(B) Although most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, also

(C) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, but within these books there is

(D) Centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, most of Kafka’s books and also

(E) Most of Kafka’s books are centered on a protagonist's loss of identity under a tyrannical regime or disenfranchisement by an oppressive bureaucracy, and within these books, there is also

 This Month's Questions are Sponsored by Experts' Global for the GMAT Club SC Butler

Project SC Butler

Expert's Global Video Explanation:

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 17526
Own Kudos [?]: 869 [0]
Given Kudos: 0
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Although most of Kafkas books are centered on either a protagonist's [#permalink]
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6991 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
236 posts