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Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot

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Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Aug 2017, 05:53
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Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot the South Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is home to about a sixth of the world's 6,000 or so languages.

(A) Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is

(B) Pacific has a population of only a few million people, they are

(C) Pacific is populated by a only a few million people, and it is

(D) Pacific, having a population of only a few million people, is nonetheless

(E) Pacific, is populated by only a few million people, yet they are

Originally posted by Ethan on 05 Apr 2006, 06:39.
Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Aug 2017, 05:53, edited 3 times in total.
Formatted the question.
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Re: Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Apr 2006, 19:09
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A. Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot the South Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is home to about a sixth of the world's 6,000 or so languages.

subject = the vast constellation; verb = has

subject = it; verb = is

it refers to 'the vast constellation'.

Originally posted by Professor on 05 Apr 2006, 19:07.
Last edited by Professor on 05 Apr 2006, 19:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2006, 19:30
Professor wrote:
A. Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot the South Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is home to about a sixth of the world's 6,000 or so languages.

subject = the vast constellation; verb = has

subject = it; verb = is

it refers to 'the vast constellation'.


Professor I answered 'A' as well (the same reason as you explained).
But the OA is 'B'.
I'm confused. :?
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Re: Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2006, 19:40
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M8 wrote:
Professor wrote:
A. Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot the South Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is home to about a sixth of the world's 6,000 or so languages.

subject = the vast constellation; verb = has
subject = it; verb = is

it refers to 'the vast constellation'.

Professor I answered 'A' as well (the same reason as you explained).
But the OA is 'B'. I'm confused. :?

thats true. i too overlooked cuz it doesnot clearly refer to "the constallation". since there are two singular nouns, so "it" could refer to "south pacific" as well. therefore A is incorrect.

but "they" has only one referent i.e. "small ilands". therefore B is perfect.
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Re: Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2007, 17:55
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Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot the South Pacific has a population of only a few million people,it is home to about a sixth of the world's 6,000 or so languages.

A. Pacific has a population of only a few million people,it is
B. Pacific has a population of only a few million people,they are
C. Pacific is populated by a only a few million people, and it is
D.Pacific, having a population of only a few million people, is nonetheless
E. Pacific, is populated by only a few million people, yet they are


The relative pronoun decides the number whether it is singular or plural

"that" is the rel pronoun and the closest noun is islands...So"they" is needed as a pronoun.

B stands
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Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2010, 07:04
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Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot the South Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is home to about a sixth of the world's 6,000 or so languages.

A. Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is
B. Pacific has a population of only a few million people, they are
C. Pacific is populated by a only a few million people, and it is
D. Pacific, having a population of only a few million people, is nonetheless
E. Pacific, is populated by only a few million people, yet they are

Hi,
I stumbled upon this question during a CAT I took from the GMATPrep software. I remembered vaguely that there was an example I saw where a pronoun can refer to the Y object in the X of Y subject if it makes sense.
In the case above I did recognize that the subject is the vast constellation of small islands and it is singular but what the sentence talked about who is home to about sixth of the world's 6000 or so languages, I thought that the islands are a more appropriate home than the vast constellation so I picked B. I think I still have a hard time to decide why is it more appropriate than they. I read somewhere that there is an issue with parallelism but I am not sure I'm convinced. Can anyone explain why A is better than B, and give me examples where changing the pronoun to refer to the Y part ,in the X of Y subject, is better. How should this sentence be written so B is the correct answer?


Thanks in advance to anyone who is willing to help
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Re: Pronouns mix up  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2010, 07:10
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'The vast constellation' is singular.

You can omit the middle part and the sentence will still make sense.
'Although the vast constellation........has a population of........'

Based on this, B & E are out.

C. Pacific is populated by a only a few million people, and it is
Use of 'although....and' is wrong.

D. Pacific, having a population of only a few million people, is nonetheless
Badly formed.

A. Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is
Correct answer.
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Re: Pronouns mix up  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2010, 08:18
I'm sorry but none of you answered my question. When will B be correct? can anyone give example for a similar sentence where the pronoun will refer to the of part in the prepositional part of the subject?
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Re: Pronouns mix up  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2010, 08:44
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Hi rafi,

You're right that in a noun phrase like "X of Y," either X or Y can be the antecedent of a pronoun.

The breadth and intensity of the biology class lead many of its participants to study intensely.

The subject of this sentence is the plural compound noun "the breadth and intensity," so we use the plural main verb "lead." However, the pronoun "its" can logically refer only to the biology class, which is inside a prepositional phrase and is singular.

The key with these types of sentences is LOGIC -- in the question you posted, it's the entire CONSTELLATION of islands that contains the languages, not each individual island.

Hope that helps!
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Re: Pronouns mix up  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2010, 12:48
Quote:
Rafi wrote: I'm sorry but none of you answered my question. When will B be correct? can anyone give example for a similar sentence where the pronoun will refer to the of part in the prepositional part of the subject?


Hi, Rafi,

To answer your specific question, let me give you a couple of examples where the pronoun clearly refers to the of part of the preposition

Although none of the test takers have scored more than 600 in the GMAT, they are still applying to top business school
Some of the legislators are expected to cross vote in the coming vote -on count, but they are keeping an eerie silence
The pronoun they in the first case refers to the test takers and in the second one to legislators
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Re: Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 11:34
Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot the South Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is home to about a sixth of the world's 6,000 or so languages.

(A) Pacific has a population of only a few million people, it is

(B) Pacific has a population of only a few million people, they are - Subject verb agreement - constellation is singular

(C) Pacific is populated by a only a few million people, and it is - although .. ,and is incorrect as we need an independent clause before and

(D) Pacific, having a population of only a few million people, is nonetheless - not even a sentence

(E) Pacific, is populated by only a few million people, yet they are- no verb

Answer A
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Re: Although the vast constellation of small islands that dot &nbs [#permalink] 09 Sep 2017, 11:34
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