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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2012, 11:22
aid in
either A or B
=> the correct choice will be (A)
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2013, 02:46
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2013, 06:43
"Aid in" is the proper idiom. A must be the answer.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2014, 09:36
Either...Or, Aid in are the correct idioms.

This leaves us only with A and hence it is the correct answer.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2014, 04:31
xcusemeplz2009 wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

aid in or aid to


We have an "either" in the part preceding the underlined part, so we need a "or".. B/C gone.

"aid to heal" is just... wrong. If people do not understand that the correct ideomatic expression is "aid IN healing", then I can see why you would pick D, the parallelism in D is after all correct in its own context. But "aid TO heal" is simply not correct. That's why A is correct.

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2014, 00:39
mikemcgarry wrote:
noboru wrote:
106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.
(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


I am responding to a pm from sujit2k7.

This is from the OG --- it's SC #109 in the OG12. Here's the OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA = (A)


When the verb "to aid" is followed by a verb, then
(a) "aid" + "in" + [gerund] is correct according to the idiom
but
(b) "aid" + [infinitive] is incorrect idiomatically

Remember
gerund = the "-ing" form of a verb used as a noun -- "I like singing", "Eating vegetables is good for you."
infinitive = the standard dictionary-listing for a verb, preceded by the preposition "to" --- "to be or not to be"
See this blog for more on infinitives and infinitive phrases:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/infinitive ... -the-gmat/

If the word "aid" is used as a noun and followed by a noun, the person receiving the aid, then it would be OK to use "to" as the preposition following "aid"
e.g. "Does the United States give aid to Belize?"
Essentially, the word following "to" is an indirect object in this context. If you write an indirect object as a prepositional phrase, you always use the word "to."

I can think of casual contexts in which "aid for" might be used, but I can think of anything GMAT-worthy that would use that combination.

It's not enough just ask about which preposition to use. Context is everything. It matters very much whether "aid" is a verb followed by another verb, or whether "aid" is noun followed by another noun.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)


this is most beautiful explanation. it looks nice that "aid in doing" is correct. but I do not see this idiom in dictionary.

second point is that

"healing" in A is gerund. this means, "healing" refers to a general action, not a specific action by a specific noun in the sentence.

"to heal" in E, in contrast, refers to "supplicant" . this means "supplicant ask the aid so that they can heal". this meaning is quite different from meaning in choice A and is the reason for elimination of E.

is my thinking correct? I very much want you to comment.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2014, 16:55
vietmoi999 wrote:
this is most beautiful explanation. it looks nice that "aid in doing" is correct. but I do not see this idiom in dictionary.

second point is that

"healing" in A is gerund. this means, "healing" refers to a general action, not a specific action by a specific noun in the sentence.

"to heal" in E, in contrast, refers to "supplicant" . this means "supplicant ask the aid so that they can heal". this meaning is quite different from meaning in choice A and is the reason for elimination of E.

is my thinking correct? I very much want you to comment.

Dear vietmoi999,
Thank you very much for your kind words. I am happy to respond. :-)

I think you are analyzing far too much.
aid in [gerund] is idiomatically correct.
aid [infinitive] is awkward and idiomatically incorrect

It's hard for any dictionary to list every possible correct idiom. The best way to learn idioms is to read, read, read. Nothing replaces a daily habit of reading sophisticated writings in English. If you want some practice with idioms, here are some free Idiom Flashcards:
https://gmat.magoosh.com/flashcards/idioms

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2014, 04:40
the idiom is that

aid of something in something/doing
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2014, 01:24
Among the objects
found in the excavated temple
were small terra-cotta effigies
left by supplicants who were either
----asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or
----thanking her for such help
.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

1: either X or Y; X and Y shall be parallel(||).
2: Asking goddess aid to healing Vs Asking goddess aid in healing. Which one make sense here?
e.g. I need ur aid in finishing this task.


A is correct.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2015, 05:58
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 05:11
Hi, I got the right choice, but I want to know why "for helping" is awkward?
Is it because we need a "such" to clarify what the help is?

pls help, thanks a lot!

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 05:27
Ptting wrote:
Hi, I got the right choice, but I want to know why "for helping" is awkward?
Is it because we need a "such" to clarify what the help is?

pls help, thanks a lot!


hi ptting,
there is nothing wrong in 'for helping'... the reason is those choices using this type of construction are using wrong idiom "either..... and.....", whereas it should be "either X or Y"
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2015, 19:52
chetan2u wrote:
Ptting wrote:
Hi, I got the right choice, but I want to know why "for helping" is awkward?
Is it because we need a "such" to clarify what the help is?

pls help, thanks a lot!


hi ptting,
there is nothing wrong in 'for helping'... the reason is those choices using this type of construction are using wrong idiom "either..... and.....", whereas it should be "either X or Y"


thanks for your help :) , but the OG explanation says "for helping" is awkward.

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2015, 02:42
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

Let me help you with this

first 'aid in' is idiom which eliminates options d and e

either x or Y is again idiom , if you see non underlined part either asking or (so after or , there should be verb+ing) only option A has it correct answer :)

Hope this helps
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2015, 10:50
xcusemeplz2009 wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

aid in or aid to


**aid in**
The governor said that the National Guard's aid in distributing food after the floods was invaluable to the citizens of the region.
The governor said that the National Guard's aid to distribute food after the floods was invaluable to the citizens of the region.
If someone gives aid and it helps in an action, the correct idiom is "aid in [gerund]." The word "aid" never takes an infinitive.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 14:09
It's very simple if you use simple sentence to understand the behavior.

AID can be a noun/verb

I aid her. (verb)
I provide aid to her ( noun)
I am providing aid in her recovery ( noun)
I provided aid in her recovery (noun)
I provided aid to her recovery - INCORRECT !!

Red cross aids poor hungry kids. (verb)
Red cross provides aid for poor hungry kids (noun)
Red cross is providing aid to poor hungry kids (noun)

Aid to and Aid for and aid in.. all are correct. You need to examine the meaning of the sentence.

In the example -


106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

The sentence means that a temple was excavated. Some objects were found. Those objects appeared to convey the idea that the people were asking for Dea's aid in healing or perhaps thanking her for her help (in healing) - ellipsis

Now other way to explain is - aid means help.

You will never say - Powerful Jesus's help to healing illnesses was amazing
You can say - Powerful Jesus's help in healing illness was amazing.

Perhaps this can explain why Dea's aid in healing is idiomatically correct and Dea's aid to heal is not.

However a sentence can be written as

Dea's aid to provide food for the poor helped the villagers.

Dea's aid in helping villagers was never forgotten by them.


Similarly other sentence can be


New genetic evidence – together with recent studies of elephants’ skeletons, tusks, and other anatomical features – provide compelling support for classifying Africa’s forest elephants and its savanna elephants as separate species.

A. provide compelling support for classifying
B. provide compelling support for the classification of
C. provides compelling support to the classification of
D. provides compelling support for classifying - Correct Answer
E. provides compelling support to classify - Incorrect !!


Here also, the evidence provide support. It doesn't intend to classify the africa's forest elephants as seperate species.

This article is helpful.

to-verb-vs-for-verb-ing-144017.html



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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 14:20
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It's very simple if you use simple sentence to understand the behavior.

AID can be a noun/verb

I aid her. (verb)
I provide aid to her ( noun)
I am providing aid in her recovery ( noun)
I provided aid in her recovery (noun)
I provided aid to her recovery - INCORRECT !!

Red cross aids poor hungry kids. (verb)
Red cross provides aid for poor hungry kids (noun)
Red cross is providing aid to poor hungry kids (noun)

Aid to and Aid for and aid in.. all are correct. You need to examine the meaning of the sentence.

In the example -


106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

The sentence means that a temple was excavated. Some objects were found. Those objects appeared to convey the idea that the people were asking for Dea's aid in healing or perhaps thanking her for her help (in healing) - ellipsis

Now other way to explain is - aid means help.

You will never say - Powerful Jesus's help to healing illnesses was amazing
You can say - Powerful Jesus's help in healing illness was amazing.

Perhaps this can explain why Dea's aid in healing is idiomatically correct and Dea's aid to heal is not.

However a sentence can be written as

Dea's aid to provide food for the poor helped the villagers.

Dea's aid in helping villagers was never forgotten by them.


Similarly other sentence can be


New genetic evidence – together with recent studies of elephants’ skeletons, tusks, and other anatomical features – provide compelling support for classifying Africa’s forest elephants and its savanna elephants as separate species.

A. provide compelling support for classifying
B. provide compelling support for the classification of
C. provides compelling support to the classification of
D. provides compelling support for classifying - Correct Answer
E. provides compelling support to classify - Incorrect !!


Here also, the evidence provide support. It doesn't intend to classify the africa's forest elephants as seperate species.

This article is helpful.

to-verb-vs-for-verb-ing-144017.html



Let me know if I am wrong.

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2016, 12:46
The correct answer is E. Anyone who selected A and thought they were correct is actually going to score lower than those who selected E. Any English speaking person with their head screwed on properly will agree that E is a better sentence. This is one of those questions that really should have been flagged as worthless garbage. A formal apology should be issued to anyone who has ever encountered it.

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2016, 19:26
I got it right upto the point where Idioms dont matter and then i selected wrong choice because of incorrect idiom.

Basically this is a parallelism question: Either ASKING ..... OR THANKING.....

First thing to pay attention to is EITHER - OR : Wherever we dont have this as correct structure, we can cross those options out. B, C and D are out.

Between A and E, its Idiom, so A is the right answer (even though i chose the wrong option)

xcusemeplz2009 wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

aid in or aid to

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2016, 21:55
xcusemeplz2009 wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

aid in or aid to


very good question, aid in or, aid to


b,c and d are not paralel. we need "or thanking" to be paralel to "either asking"
between a and e.
in the online macmillan dictionary, we see "aid in", in which "aid " is a verb. so I guess "aid in somthing", in which aid is a noun is idiomatic.

aid to do is not idiomatic.

in summary, aid in somthing/doing is idiomatic. we have to remember this idiom. that is all for this problem sc
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2016, 21:55

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