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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta

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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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A
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D
E

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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.


(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping

(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping

(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help

(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 277: Sentence Correction


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Originally posted by pusht on 05 Mar 2004, 03:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Oct 2018, 03:03, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 21:54
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The relatively easy part of this question is the parallelism: the words that immediately follow “either” and “or” must be strictly parallel. (And just in case you’re one of the GMAT Club members who asked: these are two of the “special parallelism triggers” I mentioned in our YouTube webinar on parallelism and meaning.)

Unfortunately, there’s also a frustrating idiom thing in this question, and I really don't think that it should be tested at all. But we can't really avoid it in this case. I’ll rant more about that below.

Quote:
(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

Let’s start with the parallelism triggered by the either/or construction: “…supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

Hey, you can’t beat that in terms of the parallelism. Maybe you think that “aid in healing” or “such help” sound funny, but neither of them are wrong, and “sounding funny” is a terrible reason to eliminate answer choices anyway. Let’s keep (A).

Quote:
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping

In (B), we have: “…supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for such help.

That’s all sorts of wrong. First, “either” and “and” really don’t go together at all – it just doesn’t make any sense. Second, the parallelism is wrong, anyway: “asking” and “to thank” are not parallel. So (B) is out.

Quote:
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping

(C) suffers from exactly the same problem as (B): “either” and “and” just don’t make any sense together. Sure, “asking” and “thanking” are in the same form, but that’s irrelevant if we can’t get the either/or thing right.

So (C) is gone, too.

Quote:
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help

Well, we have an “either/or” construction now, so that’s good, but the parallelism is still wrong: “…supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help. “Asking” and “to thank” aren’t parallel to each other, so (D) is out, too.

Quote:
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

The parallelism looks absolutely fine in (E): “…supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help. Cool.

So now let’s line (A) and up side-by-side, since there are no DEFINITE errors in either of them (and for more on the distinction between DEFINITE errors and other stuff, check out this crusty old article):

Quote:
    (A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
    (E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


Ugh, this is one of those nightmare scenarios that I absolutely dread, both as a teacher and as a test-taker: the only difference is an idiom. There are roughly 25,000 idioms in English, and they are – by definition! – arbitrary, and don’t follow generalizable rules. I discuss idioms at length in this article; you could memorize 25,000 idioms if you really want to, but the key on the overwhelming majority of GMAT SC questions is to avoid the idioms as much as possible, and look for ANY other error.

But in relatively rare cases, there’s nothing else you can do: you just have to fight with the idiom. In this case, it turns out that the GMAT prefers the phrase “aid in healing” over “aid to heal.” The same is true if we replace “aid” with “help”: “help in healing” would apparently be correct on the GMAT, but “help to heal” would not. So (A) is correct, and (E) is wrong.

Why is that the case? I don’t know. It’s an idiom, so it doesn’t need reasons. And again, I think it’s a silly thing for the GMAT to test. But in the very unlikely event that you encounter these on your actual GMAT, now you know the correct idiom: “aid in healing” or “help in healing” are correct, but “aid to heal” is wrong on the GMAT.

But more importantly: make sure you’re really strict and literal with the “either/or” business, because I 100% promise that you’ll see THAT stuff again.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2012, 11:04
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noboru wrote:
106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.
(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


I am responding to a pm from sujit2k7.

This is from the OG --- it's SC #109 in the OG12. Here's the OA
OA = (A)


When the verb "to aid" is followed by a verb, then
(a) "aid" + "in" + [gerund] is correct according to the idiom
but
(b) "aid" + [infinitive] is incorrect idiomatically

Remember
gerund = the "-ing" form of a verb used as a noun -- "I like singing", "Eating vegetables is good for you."
infinitive = the standard dictionary-listing for a verb, preceded by the preposition "to" --- "to be or not to be"
See this blog for more on infinitives and infinitive phrases:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/infinitive ... -the-gmat/

If the word "aid" is used as a noun and followed by a noun, the person receiving the aid, then it would be OK to use "to" as the preposition following "aid"
e.g. "Does the United States give aid to Belize?"
Essentially, the word following "to" is an indirect object in this context. If you write an indirect object as a prepositional phrase, you always use the word "to."

I can think of casual contexts in which "aid for" might be used, but I can think of anything GMAT-worthy that would use that combination.

It's not enough just ask about which preposition to use. Context is everything. It matters very much whether "aid" is a verb followed by another verb, or whether "aid" is noun followed by another noun.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)
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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2009, 19:04
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Both Aid in and Aid to are correct. But pay attention.....to what follows the propostions.

Aid to the victims (noun) is available
Her Aid in walking (verb) the dog is appreciated.

As you can see, the question, requires the second version because healing is a verb.

So based on idiom itself, you can eliminate D and E. And among A,B,C - A is the only one that follows correct either/or structure. Therefore A is correct.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2009, 14:43
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Aid in + action (gerund) VS Aid to + person
Her aid in cleaning the injury is appreciated. VS The volunteer nurse provides aid to the patients.
(I referred to MGMAT strategy guide book)
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2012, 18:28
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Thanks a Lot mike :wave

If I got it correct then
- Aid + to + who( to whom we r giving the aid)
- Aid +in + what ( what form of aid is given )...and aid in follows a gerund

Plz correct me if wrong

I have got one doubt. Are the below construction correct:
The NGO provides aid for the Tsunami victims.
The NGO provides aid to the Tsunami victims
The NGO provides aid in rebuilding the colony devastated in Tsunami.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2012, 13:44
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sujit2k7 wrote:
I have got one doubt. Are the below construction correct:
The NGO provides aid for the Tsunami victims.
The NGO provides aid to the Tsunami victims
The NGO provides aid in rebuilding the colony devastated in Tsunami.


The NGO provides aid for the tsunami victims. = possibly something you will hear in informal spoken English, but for GMAT SC purposes, this is incorrect.

The NGO provides aid to the tsunami victims. = correct
The NGO provides aid in rebuilding the colony devastated in tsunami. = correct

Does all this make sense?
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2014, 23:39
mikemcgarry wrote:
noboru wrote:
106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.
(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


I am responding to a pm from sujit2k7.

This is from the OG --- it's SC #109 in the OG12. Here's the OA
OA = (A)


When the verb "to aid" is followed by a verb, then
(a) "aid" + "in" + [gerund] is correct according to the idiom
but
(b) "aid" + [infinitive] is incorrect idiomatically

Remember
gerund = the "-ing" form of a verb used as a noun -- "I like singing", "Eating vegetables is good for you."
infinitive = the standard dictionary-listing for a verb, preceded by the preposition "to" --- "to be or not to be"
See this blog for more on infinitives and infinitive phrases:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/infinitive ... -the-gmat/

If the word "aid" is used as a noun and followed by a noun, the person receiving the aid, then it would be OK to use "to" as the preposition following "aid"
e.g. "Does the United States give aid to Belize?"
Essentially, the word following "to" is an indirect object in this context. If you write an indirect object as a prepositional phrase, you always use the word "to."

I can think of casual contexts in which "aid for" might be used, but I can think of anything GMAT-worthy that would use that combination.

It's not enough just ask about which preposition to use. Context is everything. It matters very much whether "aid" is a verb followed by another verb, or whether "aid" is noun followed by another noun.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)


this is most beautiful explanation. it looks nice that "aid in doing" is correct. but I do not see this idiom in dictionary.

second point is that

"healing" in A is gerund. this means, "healing" refers to a general action, not a specific action by a specific noun in the sentence.

"to heal" in E, in contrast, refers to "supplicant" . this means "supplicant ask the aid so that they can heal". this meaning is quite different from meaning in choice A and is the reason for elimination of E.

is my thinking correct? I very much want you to comment.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2014, 15:55
vietmoi999 wrote:
this is most beautiful explanation. it looks nice that "aid in doing" is correct. but I do not see this idiom in dictionary.

second point is that

"healing" in A is gerund. this means, "healing" refers to a general action, not a specific action by a specific noun in the sentence.

"to heal" in E, in contrast, refers to "supplicant" . this means "supplicant ask the aid so that they can heal". this meaning is quite different from meaning in choice A and is the reason for elimination of E.

is my thinking correct? I very much want you to comment.

Dear vietmoi999,
Thank you very much for your kind words. I am happy to respond. :-)

I think you are analyzing far too much.
aid in [gerund] is idiomatically correct.
aid [infinitive] is awkward and idiomatically incorrect

It's hard for any dictionary to list every possible correct idiom. The best way to learn idioms is to read, read, read. Nothing replaces a daily habit of reading sophisticated writings in English. If you want some practice with idioms, here are some free Idiom Flashcards:
https://gmat.magoosh.com/flashcards/idioms

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2016, 08:20
pusht wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping>>Parallelism is not ok.
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping>>parallelism is not ok.
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help>>parallelism is not ok.
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help>> it seems to me that 'to heal' (infinitive) is ok. BUT, why 'in healing' is ok??
Thanks...
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2016, 08:28
iMyself wrote:
pusht wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping>>Parallelism is not ok.
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping>>parallelism is not ok.
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help>>parallelism is not ok.
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help>> it seems to me that 'to heal' (infinitive) is ok. BUT, why 'in healing' is ok??
Thanks...


Look for a difference between "aid to" and "aid in".

You will get your answer. :-D
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2016, 08:35
abhimahna wrote:
iMyself wrote:

Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping>>Parallelism is not ok.
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping>>parallelism is not ok.
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help>>parallelism is not ok.
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help>> it seems to me that 'to heal' (infinitive) is ok. BUT, why 'in healing' is ok??
Thanks...


Look for a difference between "aid to" and "aid in".

You will get your answer. :-D

There is no phrase in Cambridge dictionary like 'aid in' brother.
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aid to.PNG [ 20.99 KiB | Viewed 4449 times ]


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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2016, 13:22
iMyself wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping>>Parallelism is not ok.
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping>>parallelism is not ok.
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help>>parallelism is not ok.
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help>> it seems to me that 'to heal' (infinitive) is ok. BUT, why 'in healing' is ok??
Thanks...

iMyself wrote:
There is no phrase in Cambridge dictionary like 'aid in' brother

Dear iMyself,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, this is a matter of idioms. Dictionaries may list some of more typical idioms for a particular word, but there is no way that a dictionary could list every possible idiom that could accompany a word. The absence of a possible idiom from a dictionary entry establishes nothing.

The construction with "aid" + [infinitive] is awkward.
asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid to heal physical and mental ills ...
This is not "wrong," but it sounds "off." Presumably, the infinitive used here would be an infinitive of purpose, but there is something logically suspect about this. An infinitive of purpose is typically not how we express the intent of a request we make of someone. Again, this is not B/W wrong, but it is palpably "off" in a way that is immediately obvious to a well-spoken native speaker.

By contrast, the construction with "in" is idiomatically correct.
asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills
To a native ear, this strikes a note of rightness that the other lacks. This is a valid idiom.

I realize that this is the hardest thing for folks learning English as a second language to appreciate, that intuitive sense of "rightness" about the language. I sincerely say that anyone who, starting from another language, has gotten up to GMAT level in English has my complete respect: that is a tremendous achievement in and of itself. At the same time, it takes tremendous additional effort for a non-native speaker who is already highly competent in English to build this deep intuitive sense of "rightness," and few students have the stamina or the patience for such work. The difference maker is the habit of reading, which over times builds intuition. See:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2017, 02:35
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 08:53
bpiyush wrote:
Experts please pitch in

Dear bpiyush,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, I am going to chide you for asking a not-very-helpful question. This thread is five pages long: it is full of all kinds of discussions. What exactly is the dispute or uncertainty that requires attention? Your question is not helpful to us experts and it also was not helpful to you. Think about it. How much time did it take to write and post that question? How much effort did it take? How much thoughtful reflection went into crafting that question? The process of education is very much a reflection of what you bring: low effort brings meager rewards and high effort brings substantial rewards. If you aspire to an excellent performance, I strongly recommend the habits of excellence. One of these concerns the often underrated value of crafting high quality questions. See:
Asking Excellent Questions
You see, the reflection and thoughtful effort it takes to craft an excellent question is actually an essential and often neglected part of the learning process. It's important to bring as much diligence and priority to this task as to the other learning tasks. How you do anything is how you do everything.

Here's my challenge to you. Come back to this thread and study it carefully. Think about the exact issue that you believe need clarification. Explain what you understand from all the parties who discussed that topic, cite all the relevant authors & entries, explain exactly what you understand and exactly the part that is still unclear to you. If you ask that excellent question, I will be more than happy to respond.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 23:16
mikemcgarry wrote:
bpiyush wrote:
Experts please pitch in

Dear bpiyush,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, I am going to chide you for asking a not-very-helpful question. This thread is five pages long: it is full of all kinds of discussions. What exactly is the dispute or uncertainty that requires attention? Your question is not helpful to us experts and it also was not helpful to you. Think about it. How much time did it take to write and post that question? How much effort did it take? How much thoughtful reflection went into crafting that question? The process of education is very much a reflection of what you bring: low effort brings meager rewards and high effort brings substantial rewards. If you aspire to an excellent performance, I strongly recommend the habits of excellence. One of these concerns the often underrated value of crafting high quality questions. See:
Asking Excellent Questions
You see, the reflection and thoughtful effort it takes to craft an excellent question is actually an essential and often neglected part of the learning process. It's important to bring as much diligence and priority to this task as to the other learning tasks. How you do anything is how you do everything.

Here's my challenge to you. Come back to this thread and study it carefully. Think about the exact issue that you believe need clarification. Explain what you understand from all the parties who discussed that topic, cite all the relevant authors & entries, explain exactly what you understand and exactly the part that is still unclear to you. If you ask that excellent question, I will be more than happy to respond.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)



Dear mikemcgarry,
Thanks for your reply. I highly appreciate this forum and the efforts that have been put forward by all the members. I am sorry for my question that did not reflect the doubt I actually had. So my doubt is between the options A and E which would be better. I am facing difficulty in that. I do understand the question brings in the concept of correlative conjunctions and parallelism. I do understand the usage of asking after either would require the usage of thanking after or. But whether it should be in healing or to heal there lies my doubt.
Please help me with this doubt.
Regards
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 09:30
bpiyush wrote:
Dear mikemcgarry,
Thanks for your reply. I highly appreciate this forum and the efforts that have been put forward by all the members. I am sorry for my question that did not reflect the doubt I actually had. So my doubt is between the options A and E which would be better. I am facing difficulty in that. I do understand the question brings in the concept of correlative conjunctions and parallelism. I do understand the usage of asking after either would require the usage of thanking after or. But whether it should be in healing or to heal there lies my doubt.
Please help me with this doubt.
Regards

Dear bpiyush,

I'm happy to respond. :-) Thank you for asking a much better question.

What you are asking is an idiom question. I will recommend these free resource:
GMAT Idiom Flashcards
GMAT Idiom eBook

The correct idiom is: to ask for aid in doing X.

The infinitive sound unnatural in this context. It's close to an infinitive of purpose, but it doesn't work here.

It's hard to learn all the nuances of idioms. I strongly recommend developing a habit of reading. See:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2018, 07:16
Hi.. i have a query here. The question first talks about Bona Die's AID.. and then it says thanking HER for such help. Is that correct?

Do explain what i am missing here.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2018, 08:41
Hi Shraddha, I am assuming your question is how an object pronoun (her) can refer to possessive noun (Bona Dea's).

Similarly, there are instances where Subject pronoun referring to possessive noun.

So, the answer is that GMAT takes a liberal view of these references.

p.s. This is often a source of confusion for test takers. Hence, our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana specifically mentions Pronoun Flexibility. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
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Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta &nbs [#permalink] 01 May 2018, 08:41
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