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Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital

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Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2015, 12:23
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A
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Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones.

A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones.
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania

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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2015, 13:00
A is correct. The structure of the sentence is parallel - Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.
B the meaning of the sentence is changed. It seems that mount Vesuvius erupted in Italy.
C the structure is not parallel - mount Vesuvius and three extinct cones.
D the structure is less concise than that in A
E Original sentence states that the action of eruption was in the past, therefore present participle "erupting" is not applicable. Also "mount of 1994" means that it is the mountain of the year 1994, rather than it was the eruption in 1994.
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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2015, 14:07
I don't think "A" is the right choice.
I think the right choice is "D"

A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones - "...in Italy, which erupted..." makes it confusing to understand what "which" refers to.
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones - "as well as" is wordy.
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania - this choice is trying to make Vesuvius parallel to three extinct cones, making sentence illogical.
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones. - I think it's the best choice
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania - "the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994" - awkward.
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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2015, 00:07
A looks correct. 'which' can modify noun + prep phrase.
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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2015, 02:13
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reto wrote:
Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones.

A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones.
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania



A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones > which erupted wrongly refers to Italy
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones > The correct idiom is "Among A AND B" not "as well as"
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania > Subject verb agreement
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones. This Answer is most concise with correct clauses.
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania > just sounds akward, the Mount Vesuvius of 1994?
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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2015, 23:18
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How is "which" wrongly referring to Italy? "Which" here correctly refers to the "Mount Vesuvius" since there is no other logical referrent for which. "Which" can refer to the subject in prepositional phrases....

reto wrote:
reto wrote:
Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones.

A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones.
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania



A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones > which erupted wrongly refers to Italy
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones > The correct idiom is "Among A AND B" not "as well as"
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania > Subject verb agreement
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones. This Answer is most concise with correct clauses.
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania > just sounds akward, the Mount Vesuvius of 1994?
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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2015, 01:46
reto wrote:
Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones.

A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones.
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania







i was also inclined towards option D at first. But how do i know for sure that 'former and latter refers to the mountains and not the countries?
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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2015, 03:36
IMO D has a short coming in meaning —It unnecessarily tries to introduce a contrast through the word whereas, which is not intended by the original. The eruption in 1944 and the three extinct cones are independent features of the two subjects and not ones contrasting each other. If a contrast was intended, then it should say, Mount V erupted in 1944 whereas Mount K erupted in say in 1965. Vice versa, it could also say Mount V has five extinct cones whereas Mount K has three.

Logically because Italy cannot erupt, we may have to accept 'which' as referring to the Mount V
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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2019, 00:25
reto wrote:
Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones.

A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones.
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania


AjiteshArun :

Please clarify :

In option A, I see no ambiguity regarding the use of "which" as it can only refer to MV and not Italy. We know ambiguity is not absolute rule on GMAT.
In correct option D, part after the semi colon seems incorrect in comparison.

"Eruption" seems an action and "Has" seems a possession here.
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New post 31 Jul 2019, 03:01
For option D, how does "has three extinct cones" make sense? If they are extinct, they don't exist now which "has" implies. If the sentence is using "has" it refers to an event that occured in the past and exists now. And "extinct" directly contradicts that.

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Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2019, 18:42
AkshdeepS wrote:
AjiteshArun :

Please clarify :

In option A, I see no ambiguity regarding the use of "which" as it can only refer to MV and not Italy. We know ambiguity is not absolute rule on GMAT.
In correct option D, part after the semi colon seems incorrect in comparison.

"Eruption" seems an action and "Has" seems a possession here.
Let's take a look at option A again:

... Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones.

I think that you're absolutely right in saying that ambiguity is not an absolute rule, and we do sometimes come across official questions in which the correct option is ambiguous. However, it's not as if there is no ambiguity at all in those options. What we're actually doing there is deciding not to take a call on the basis of ambiguity (because there are other, more reliable splits). This is important (irrespective of what we think about this particular question) because we must not forget that ambiguity is, in fact, tested on the GMAT.

For what it's worth, I would definitely keep the which call (and then move on to the other options), and although I don't see why a with has been used in option A, I would not worry too much about what the with and its are referring to (I'd take a call on the with its ambiguity issue only if I really had to).

As for D, I agree with daagh: I don't like that whereas. Normally, when we use whereas to introduce a comparison or a contrast, the two ideas are at least somewhat similar ("Volcano X is active, whereas volcano Y is not", "X is active, whereas Y is dormant", or even "X erupted in 1944, whereas Y is dormant"). So "X erupted in 1944 whereas Y has 3 extinct cores" is a little... jarring. However, I'd like to see other opinions on this.
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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2019, 20:49
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Not so convinced with OA :(

As per my analysis (A) shoud be the right answer :

Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones.

A. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy, which erupted in 1944, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones (which correctly refers to mount because Italy can not erupt and in Italy is a prepositional modifoer of mount vesuvius hence, can be skipped) correct answer (though not sure is with is correct here)
B. are Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944 in Italy, as well as Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, with its three extinct cones ( as well as is wordy and should use a singular subject)
C. is the Italian Mount Vesuvius, which erupted in 1944, along with the three extinct cones of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania is - SV agreement also unintended meaning)
D. are Mount Vesuvius in Italy and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania; the former erupted in 1944 whereas the latter has three extinct cones. (Whereas comparison is not required and incorrect since we are comparing actions of eruption and been :/)
E. are the erupting Italian Mount Vesuvius of 1994 and the three-coned extinct Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania ( erupting states an ongoing action - incorrect)

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Re: Among the world's famous volcanic mountains are Mount Vesuvius in Ital   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2019, 20:49
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