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# An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun

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An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2009, 19:50
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110. An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.
(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment
Here fight between A and D what i feel is to ratify is better than at ratifying is at ratifying app usage inputs plz...
Why is E wrong???
If you have any questions
New!
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17 Jul 2009, 04:56
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I think the ans is A.What is the OA?

I think attempt to is the correct idiom.
In E that has begun is wrong.Whenever a definite time is specified (like 'two decades ago' in this case) you have to use simplepast tense
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17 Jul 2009, 05:57
Maulikgmat wrote:
110. An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.
(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment
Here fight between A and D what i feel is to ratify is better than at ratifying is at ratifying app usage inputs plz...
Why is E wrong???

Yes, "to ratify" is the correct idiom. ( At ratify is wrong because Ratify literally means "to confirm by expressing consent" and hence 'To' is used instead of "AT"). For E I agree with Shruti !

IMO A is the answer ! Whats the OA ?

Cheers
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17 Jul 2009, 07:49
correct idiom is attempt to.

guys one more thing i am not very good with grammar. is it necessary to have a clear understanding of all the grammar basics. is it inevitable to understand each adverb, preposition and all to do well in the gmat. i want to get 700. pls share your inputs.
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17 Jul 2009, 08:17
the correct idiom is 'to ratify' and it should be A
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17 Jul 2009, 16:08
isn't "an attempt at doing sth" also the correct usage? so i take the "attempt to" is the more common usage which is the right answer here
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17 Jul 2009, 19:35
shrutisingh wrote:
I think the ans is A.What is the OA?

I think attempt to is the correct idiom.
In E that has begun is wrong.Whenever a definite time is specified (like 'two decades ago' in this case) you have to use simplepast tense

OA is A.....
What do u guys think about at ratifying used in D... is it appropriate...
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18 Jul 2009, 09:46
Guys, I need some help here w.r.t the modifiers used here.

If the option B were changed to

"begun almost two decades ago, to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment"

then, will A be correct or B?

As per the defination of modifiers goes, the modifier has to be placed right next to the noun it modifies, will the following sentence be correct?

An attempt, begun almost two decades ago, to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, has been unsuccessful ......

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18 Jul 2009, 11:31
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hasham222 wrote:
Guys, I need some help here w.r.t the modifiers used here.

If the option B were changed to

"begun almost two decades ago, to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment"

then, will A be correct or B?

As per the defination of modifiers goes, the modifier has to be placed right next to the noun it modifies, will the following sentence be correct?

An attempt, begun almost two decades ago, to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, has been unsuccessful ......

see this below:
attempt-to-ratify-80748.html#p606505

An attempt, begun almost two decades ago, to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, has been unsuccessful

In this case, I think you are breaking the noun phrase "attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment" (It's a complete subject)

begun almost two decades ago is not just modifying an attempt but a particular attempt (to ratify)

Opinions welcome!
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17 Jun 2010, 11:37
Is use of "begun" in the first choice(original sentence) correct?
Thanks
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23 Jul 2010, 19:19
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110. An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.
(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment
A is the answer idiom in A is correct
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24 Jul 2010, 05:29
"Attempt to" is the right idiom..
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27 Jul 2010, 22:28
Should be A. Idiom 'to ratify' is correctly used here!
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15 Aug 2010, 04:25
Maulikgmat wrote:
110. An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.
(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment
Here fight between A and D what i feel is to ratify is better than at ratifying is at ratifying app usage inputs plz...
Why is E wrong???

Answer E seems correct even though OA says that A is correct. For A to be correct instead of begun there should be 'which began' or 'beginning'.
Anyone good with tenses reading, correct me if I am wrong.
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11 Nov 2010, 00:01
I eventually picked A, but the modifier 'begun almost decades ago' made me pause and think for a bit.

It is obvious that 'begun almost decades ago' is meant to modify the attempt in the context.

But I think that the placement of 'begun almost decades ago', can suggest that the Equal Rights Amendment began almost decades ago, not the attempt.

Any thoughts?

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23 Dec 2010, 09:58
i went with C. for ratifying is wrong ?. I thought its a modifier issue
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07 Jan 2011, 09:45
A ---use infinitive for intending action--------.to ratify----correct idiom
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Re: An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2012, 01:31
I think A is not correct because it has to distinct verbs within one sentence you cannot easily choose "has been "refers to which part of sentence to correct this problem you should place that to modify "An attempt" by choosing E idioms are still correct an modifier problems solved also.
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Re: An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2013, 15:14
"attempt to" sounds like a more appropriate usage.

Picked A.

What's the OA?
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Re: An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2014, 02:27
Hi all,
I have the same issue as many others with this problem. Usage of 'begun' isn't satisfying as it should be 'began'. 'Begun' is the past participle form of 'begin'. Here, begin word acts as a verb and not as a participle, therefore either it should be preceded by 'has/have' to make it a correct verb or it should be changed to the past form of 'begin' e.e. 'began'.
Please if any expert can comment on this.
Re: An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun   [#permalink] 19 Jan 2014, 02:27

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