An economic recession can result from a lowering of : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 25 Feb 2017, 13:13

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# An economic recession can result from a lowering of

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 19 Sep 2010
Posts: 182
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 91 [1] , given: 18

An economic recession can result from a lowering of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Nov 2010, 09:05
1
This post received
KUDOS
14
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

17% (02:20) correct 83% (01:36) wrong based on 763 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

35. An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2010
Posts: 133
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 7

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Nov 2010, 11:51
I thought it was "E"

"A" through "C" have "investment, which". According to the rule "which" has to refer to the noun that it follows.("investments"cannot "cause cutbacks in consumer spending", while "drop" can).
I guess there are exceptions when "which" refers to the preceding noun phrase "drop in investment".
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 26 Jul 2010
Posts: 243
Followers: 220

Kudos [?]: 495 [1] , given: 29

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Nov 2010, 11:56
1
This post received
KUDOS
I agree with you here, Fijisurf - that "which" next to "investment" bothers me about C...that's a pretty fatal error.

E looks pretty good - the only potential pitfall I see in that one is the "starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates." portion, in which "layoffs leading" may be slightly awkward compared to "layoffs that lead", but I don't think it's a fatal flaw at all, especially not compared to C's misuse of "which". I'd live and die with E on this one...do we know that C is the true official answer? Could it possibly be mistyped here?
_________________

Brian

Save \$100 on live Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting

Enroll now. Pay later. Take advantage of Veritas Prep's flexible payment plan options.

Veritas Prep Reviews

Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2010
Posts: 227
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 20

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Nov 2010, 22:37
I remember this one from MGMAT

I think C is the answer as "which cause" relates back to the "rates" (singular-plural agreement). Other options use "which causes" leading to a potential argument that "causes" relates to "investment" before the comma - which can't be right.

When I re-tried the question just now I picked E as it really does sound the best. But C is not wrong but I guess "that lead" vs. use of "leading" in E is a little off-putting? But is there any technical reason why "leading" in E is wrong?
Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2010
Posts: 227
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 20

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Nov 2010, 22:48
actually re-reading the question, it comes down to: what causes even lower employment rates?
- Is it the circle of layoffs (as in C)?
- Is it the economic recession (as in E)? E seems to say:
An economic recession recession can result... causing X and starting Y leading to even lower employment rates (I think there should be a comma in this option right before "leading")

It really comes down to what the author had in mind when he wrote this sentence...
Manager
Joined: 19 Sep 2010
Posts: 182
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 18

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 00:16
@Brian..
The source is Brutal SC questions . Even I picked up E and discarded C for similar reasons as yours . I have posted this question to resolve the doubts which are as follows.

1 . Can relative pronoun-Which , who , that etc- modify a noun which are not adjacent to it . For eg : "a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which" . Now I felt that which should modify investment but that didn't make any sense , so i dropped such options . But I have been seeing such structure where nouns which are actually to be modified by the relative pronouns are followed by prepositional phrase- drop in investment , which- and we tend to discard such options because the noun to be modified-drop in this case- is not adjacent . Are such structures grammatically sound .

2. What is this phrase causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates. modifying in option E . I thought that it is modifying the following phrase but I am not sure.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment
Manager
Joined: 19 Sep 2010
Posts: 182
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 18

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 00:21
@Brian...I have copy-pasted it from the source , so I don't think that question is wrongly posted , but I will still look into it .
Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2010
Posts: 133
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 7

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 08:27
gmat1011 wrote:
It really comes down to what the author had in mind when he wrote this sentence...

I hope real GMAT exam will not have ambiguity in meaning similar to this one.
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 321
Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Schools: CBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 590 Q47 V25
GMAT 2: 560 Q47 V20
GMAT 3: 600 Q47 V25
GMAT 4: 680 Q49 V34
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 32

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 08:45
IMO it should be C.
D and E use 'that are' which is redundant as it's referring to 'falling employment rates'.
_________________

"Whether You Think You Can or Can't, You're Right"--Henry Ford
680 Debrief
600 Debrief
590 Debrief
My GMAT Journey

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 31 Jan 2010
Posts: 498
WE 1: 4 years Tech
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 142 [0], given: 149

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 11:50
The gist of the sentence lies in understanding that the cycle leads to itself.
Y is caused by x.Y causes something that leads to more Y.This is how inflation or any other cycle works.
In E , causing ... is a modifier that modifies Inflation.
In C, which clause modifies low employment rates.
This is What conforms to Y is caused by x.Y causes something that leads to more Y.
_________________

My Post Invites Discussions not answers
Try to give back something to the Forum.I want your explanations, right now !
Please let me know your opinion about the Chandigarh Gmat Centrehttp://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-experience-at-chandigarh-india-centre-111830.html

Moderator
Status: battlecruiser, operational...
Joined: 25 Apr 2010
Posts: 983
Schools: Carey '16
GMAT 1: Q V
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 163 [0], given: 71

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 19:37
C is wrong because if you remember in the MGMAT SC book, it explicitly states that when using ", which" whatever comes after "which" directly refers to whatever it is before the comma.

So in C, it is saying that "investments" causes "cutbacks in consumer.....blah blah blah" when it is really the "drop in investments" that causes this.

So, I go with E. clear & concise.
_________________
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 31 Jan 2010
Posts: 498
WE 1: 4 years Tech
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 142 [0], given: 149

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 21:44
vwjetty wrote:
C is wrong because if you remember in the MGMAT SC book, it explicitly states that when using ", which" whatever comes after "which" directly refers to whatever it is before the comma.

So in C, it is saying that "investments" causes "cutbacks in consumer.....blah blah blah" when it is really the "drop in investments" that causes this.

So, I go with E. clear & concise.

The Sc strategy guide says that the noun modifier should be as close as possible to what it modifies.
Give me the box of chocolates, which are swiss
give me the box of chocolates ,which is red in colour.
Can you point out out what does the which clause modify in the above 2 sentences
_________________

My Post Invites Discussions not answers
Try to give back something to the Forum.I want your explanations, right now !
Please let me know your opinion about the Chandigarh Gmat Centrehttp://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-experience-at-chandigarh-india-centre-111830.html

Moderator
Status: battlecruiser, operational...
Joined: 25 Apr 2010
Posts: 983
Schools: Carey '16
GMAT 1: Q V
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 163 [0], given: 71

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 21:53
mundasingh123 wrote:
vwjetty wrote:
C is wrong because if you remember in the MGMAT SC book, it explicitly states that when using ", which" whatever comes after "which" directly refers to whatever it is before the comma.

So in C, it is saying that "investments" causes "cutbacks in consumer.....blah blah blah" when it is really the "drop in investments" that causes this.

So, I go with E. clear & concise.

The Sc strategy guide says that the noun modifier should be as close as possible to what it modifies.
Give me the box of chocolates, which are swiss
give me the box of chocolates ,which is red in colour.
Can you point out out what does the which clause modify in the above 2 sentences

the first one modifies "chocolates" because you're using "are" and the only antecedent of that is the plural chocolates.

the second one modifies "box" because "is" is singular and the only singular antecedent you have in the sentence is "box"

I hope that helps. I'm not a pro like some of the folks on here. I'm just another GMAT kid that got a 25 on my verbal on my last take so I'm not that reputable haha.
_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 321
Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Schools: CBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 590 Q47 V25
GMAT 2: 560 Q47 V20
GMAT 3: 600 Q47 V25
GMAT 4: 680 Q49 V34
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 57 [1] , given: 32

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 22:20
1
This post received
KUDOS
Check this out guys.
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/an- ... t1071.html
_________________

"Whether You Think You Can or Can't, You're Right"--Henry Ford
680 Debrief
600 Debrief
590 Debrief
My GMAT Journey

Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2010
Posts: 227
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 20

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 22:24
This question is from an MGMAT CAT

The original question is as follows and the answer is C: (the "Brutal" SCs doc has changed the wording around - notice how the structure of C is different - and I am not sure if there is any answer from an authentic source for this modified question):

An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a. a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

b a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which cause people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

c. falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

d. falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

e. falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, that cause cutbacks in consumer spending and the start of a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.

Quick point about the 'touch' rule re use of "which" - based on my reading so far, it is NOT an absolute rule.

The garden of tulips, which is in my house, is pretty. ---> "which" here modifies the whole expression "garden of tulips" and not just tulips. So one can't blindly apply the 'touch' rule without looking at the context.
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 321
Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Schools: CBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 590 Q47 V25
GMAT 2: 560 Q47 V20
GMAT 3: 600 Q47 V25
GMAT 4: 680 Q49 V34
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 32

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 22:30
Good catch @GMAT1011. I noticed the same difference from MGMAT's site. Answer choices have been modified in this thread.
_________________

"Whether You Think You Can or Can't, You're Right"--Henry Ford
680 Debrief
600 Debrief
590 Debrief
My GMAT Journey

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 31 Jan 2010
Posts: 498
WE 1: 4 years Tech
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 142 [1] , given: 149

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 22:32
1
This post received
KUDOS
rg1 wrote:
Good catch @GMAT1011. I noticed the same difference from MGMAT's site. Answer choices have been modified in this thread.

Who created Brutal SC.Are the Brutal Sc questions from MGMAT CATS/Gmat prep etc
_________________

My Post Invites Discussions not answers
Try to give back something to the Forum.I want your explanations, right now !
Please let me know your opinion about the Chandigarh Gmat Centrehttp://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-experience-at-chandigarh-india-centre-111830.html

Intern
Joined: 14 Nov 2010
Posts: 17
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2010, 22:56
Raths wrote:
35. An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.

Indeed brutal because falling....causing....and starting...seem pretty logically parallel.
Manager
Joined: 19 Sep 2010
Posts: 182
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 18

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Nov 2010, 03:23
is it worth practicing BrutalSC . After so many misgivings by the stalwarts , I think I should drop the idea of continuing it . I was also thinking of doing 1000SC . Any suggestions for that...????
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 31 Jan 2010
Posts: 498
WE 1: 4 years Tech
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 142 [0], given: 149

Re: BrutalSC [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Nov 2010, 03:30
Raths wrote:
is it worth practicing BrutalSC . After so many misgivings by the stalwarts , I think I should drop the idea of continuing it . I was also thinking of doing 1000SC . Any suggestions for that...????

I think you should ask an expert
_________________

My Post Invites Discussions not answers
Try to give back something to the Forum.I want your explanations, right now !
Please let me know your opinion about the Chandigarh Gmat Centrehttp://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-experience-at-chandigarh-india-centre-111830.html

Re: BrutalSC   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2010, 03:30

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 26 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
An economic recession can result from a lowering of 3 10 Feb 2009, 17:19
An economic recession can result from a lowering of 6 28 Nov 2008, 22:30
5 An economic recession can result from a lowering of 19 07 Oct 2008, 09:15
An economic recession can result from a lowering of 14 07 Jul 2007, 17:33
An economic recession can result from a lowering of 3 27 Mar 2007, 12:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# An economic recession can result from a lowering of

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.