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An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t

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An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(A) a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(B) a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(C) falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

(D) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

(E) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
If you could also suggest why "a cycle of layoffs that lead" may be right and not "a cycle of layoffs that leads" be right? Perhaps both are right.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 08:22
nightwing79 wrote:
An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.


(a) a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(b) a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(c) falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

(d) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

(e) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.


If you could also suggest why "a cycle of layoffs that lead" may be right and not "a cycle of layoffs that leads" be right? Perhaps both are right.


I pick D.


I believe both "a cycle of layoffs that lead" and "a cycle of layoffs that leads" are correct. verb after 'that' determines which(noun) one that verb is referring to.

first case, 'that' is referring to 'layoffs' and in second case, 'that' is referring to 'a cycle'.


thats my 2 cents.

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 08:29
I vote for E

(d) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.


People to Cut Consumer Spending is redundant.

E is concise and prepositional phrase(causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.
) fixes the modifier error in the originial sentence.

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 08:33
prasadrg wrote:
I vote for E

(d) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.


People to Cut Consumer Spending is redundant.

E is concise and prepositional phrase(causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.
) fixes the modifier error in the originial sentence.



yes, agree ... 'people to cut consumer spending' is redundent ... people and consumers ... unnecessary ..

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 09:30
A: Don;t like 'lowering of employment rates.' 'Falling employment rates' look to be a better option....So A is out.

B: Same as A.

D & E: I don't like the 'causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs' phrase which tends to imply that the falling emp. rates are causing the sepnding cutbacks AND a cycle of layoffs.

C: concise, to the point. It also corrects the idea that consumer spending cutbacks is what STARTS a cycle of layoffs.

So C for me.

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 09:55
I like E better than D. Primarily "leading back to" is redundant. I think E which is written in passive form works better in the context of the sentence.

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 16:03
sher676 wrote:
I like E better than D. Primarily "leading back to" is redundant. I think E which is written in passive form works better in the context of the sentence.


OA is C.
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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 21:08
We will need to figure what does "which" refer to? Does this refer to the entire clause 'An economic recession can result...." or does it refer to only "drop in investment".
if it refers to latter then C is the right option.

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 22:36
nightwing79 wrote:
An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.


(a) a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(b) a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(c) falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

(d) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

(e) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.


If you could also suggest why "a cycle of layoffs that lead" may be right and not "a cycle of layoffs that leads" be right? Perhaps both are right.


E is passive!
C - Is a better answer. 'Cause & Effect'
(CAUSE) drop in investment, Which after the comma, is used correctly to qualify a drop in investment, (EFFECT) 'start-ing a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.'

Quote:
If you could also suggest why "a cycle of layoffs that lead" may be right and not "a cycle of layoffs that leads" be right? Perhaps both are right.

Not sure why???
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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 23:41
Thanks for explanations!
Any explanation for

"a cycle of layoffs that leads/lead"??
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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2009, 23:51
IMO E

A, B and C are out for using "which". "Which" can only modify a noun or a noun phrase. But here we have a full clause before which. Use of "which" here ambiguously modifies "drop in investment". Whereas the intention may have been to modify the whole clause "An economic recession can......"

D is out for use of "people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs". Here it ambiguously sounds as if "people" are "starting a cycle of layoffs", which is incorrect.
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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2009, 01:34
nightwing79 wrote:
An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.


(a) a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(b) a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

(c) falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

(d) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

(e) falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.


If you could also suggest why "a cycle of layoffs that lead" may be right and not "a cycle of layoffs that leads" be right? Perhaps both are right.


Lowering of employment rates is wrong. Rules out A &B.
The clause "starting....rates" is modifying spending. C Ruled out.
Out of D &E, E is more succint, "layoffs that lead" is verbose compare to similar in E.
IMHO it is E

Saw OA, which says C is correct.
One thing which i understood that if "which clause is used with another clause in the series" then the next cluase does not modify the clause of which, but the root clause.

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New post 20 Jul 2009, 05:26
why can't E be the ans instead of C

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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The option C is written incorrectly

I just could not convince myself that C is the right choice, so looked up other forums. The correct ans is

c. falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

source: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/an- ... t1071.html

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2009, 12:50
rashminet84 wrote:
The option C is written incorrectly

I just could not convince myself that C is the right choice, so looked up other forums. The correct ans is

c. falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

source: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/an- ... t1071.html


the above link has different E choice. obviously ", that" is wrong in that option but this question doesn't have that error ... some one edited the option E?

here is what that link has ...

"e. falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, that cause cutbacks in consumer spending and the start of a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates."

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2009, 02:56
So that means that for the above set of choices,E would be the ans.

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35. An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2009, 09:45
IMO E.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates. >>It should be low employment rates, ..consumer spending and to start...

a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates. mismatch verbs

falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.should be causes

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.to cut and staring ..mismatch verb..

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.this is correct. causing is referring to the entire clause. spending and starting is correct too.

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2009, 09:57
I also thought the answer would be E, but the brutal SC thread shows that OA is C. Does anybody have a clue? I also have other brutal SC thread problems that I am not clear with OAs, and couldn't find clear explanations from previous thread because some thread shows different opinions. So I decided to post all the confusing ones here again, so please feel free to leave your comments.

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2009, 12:11
IMO E..

a,b,c have modifier problem and d is redundant(people-consumer spending)

I hope it helps :)

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Re: An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates t   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2009, 12:11

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