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Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean c

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Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean c [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2018, 08:26
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Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean civilization, the Bronze-Age culture that was the leading military and economic power in Greece from approximately 1,600 to 1,100 BCE, went into a sharp decline at around the same time that archeological evidence begins to appear in Greece for another culture, known as the "Sea People." This timing, combined with the evidence of fire damage observed in Mycenaean sites at around 1,100, suggests to many archeologists that the Sea People invaded Greece at this time and conquered the Mycenaeans through force of arms.
Which of the following theories provides the most plausible alternative explanation for the archeological evidence cited above?
A. Powerful earthquakes in the eastern Mediterranean in around 1,100 BCE inflicted severe damage on Mycenaean cities and weakened them to the point that they could not prevent the Sea People from settling in Greece.
B. An epidemic of typhus that struck the eastern Mediterranean in around 1,100 BCE severely depopulated Greece and the surrounding area.
C. The Sea People were not invaders, but rather immigrants who intermarried with the Mycenaeans and became part of their civilization.
D. A severe drought that hit Greece in around 1,100 BCE made the peninsula uninhabitable, forcing the Mycenaeans to leave Greece for Asia Minor.
E. The "Sea People" were actually the Phoenicians, an advanced trading civilization that developed in the region that is now known as Syria.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean c [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2018, 12:33
aragonn wrote:
Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean civilization, the Bronze-Age culture that was the leading military and economic power in Greece from approximately 1,600 to 1,100 BCE, went into a sharp decline at around the same time that archeological evidence begins to appear in Greece for another culture, known as the "Sea People." This timing, combined with the evidence of fire damage observed in Mycenaean sites at around 1,100, suggests to many archeologists that the Sea People invaded Greece at this time and conquered the Mycenaeans through force of arms.
Which of the following theories provides the most plausible alternative explanation for the archeological evidence cited above?
A. Powerful earthquakes in the eastern Mediterranean in around 1,100 BCE inflicted severe damage on Mycenaean cities and weakened them to the point that they could not prevent the Sea People from settling in Greece.
B. An epidemic of typhus that struck the eastern Mediterranean in around 1,100 BCE severely depopulated Greece and the surrounding area.
C. The Sea People were not invaders, but rather immigrants who intermarried with the Mycenaeans and became part of their civilization.
D. A severe drought that hit Greece in around 1,100 BCE made the peninsula uninhabitable, forcing the Mycenaeans to leave Greece for Asia Minor.
E. The "Sea People" were actually the Phoenicians, an advanced trading civilization that developed in the region that is now known as Syria.


A provides some plausible explanation to all the occurrences given in the passage. Would go with A


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Re: Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean c [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2018, 19:51
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Option A seems like the only answer choice that fits here.
Used POE here.

A. Powerful earthquakes in the eastern Mediterranean in around 1,100 BCE inflicted severe damage on Mycenaean cities and weakened them to the point that they could not prevent the Sea People from settling in Greece. -- Correct
B. An epidemic of typhus that struck the eastern Mediterranean in around 1,100 BCE severely depopulated Greece and the surrounding area. -- If there was an epidemic both the cultures would have seen a decline.
C. The Sea People were not invaders, but rather immigrants who intermarried with the Mycenaeans and became part of their civilization. -- This does not explain why there was a sharp decline.
D. A severe drought that hit Greece in around 1,100 BCE made the peninsula uninhabitable, forcing the Mycenaeans to leave Greece for Asia Minor. -- This should have forced even the sea people to leave Greece.
E. The "Sea People" were actually the Phoenicians, an advanced trading civilization that developed in the region that is now known as Syria. --Not relevant at all.

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Re: Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean c [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2018, 21:21
aragonn wrote:
Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean civilization, the Bronze-Age culture that was the leading military and economic power in Greece from approximately 1,600 to 1,100 BCE, went into a sharp decline at around the same time that archeological evidence begins to appear in Greece for another culture, known as the "Sea People." This timing, combined with the evidence of fire damage observed in Mycenaean sites at around 1,100, suggests to many archeologists that the Sea People invaded Greece at this time and conquered the Mycenaeans through force of arms.
Which of the following theories provides the most plausible alternative explanation for the archeological evidence cited above?
A. Powerful earthquakes in the eastern Mediterranean in around 1,100 BCE inflicted severe damage on Mycenaean cities and weakened them to the point that they could not prevent the Sea People from settling in Greece.
B. An epidemic of typhus that struck the eastern Mediterranean in around 1,100 BCE severely depopulated Greece and the surrounding area.
C. The Sea People were not invaders, but rather immigrants who intermarried with the Mycenaeans and became part of their civilization.
D. A severe drought that hit Greece in around 1,100 BCE made the peninsula uninhabitable, forcing the Mycenaeans to leave Greece for Asia Minor.
E. The "Sea People" were actually the Phoenicians, an advanced trading civilization that developed in the region that is now known as Syria.


The argument is regarding tye decline of one civilisation and apearence of another civilisation at the same time (1100BCE) and same geography (Greece) . We need to find out an alternative explanation to support for historical argument . The key here is to find those answer chooses which explain both decline and appearence. If any option talks only about either of these , then it's a wrong choice.
Among above options , only option A fits the bill with a suitable reason for both fall and rise of two civilisations at same time and same place
Re: Archeologists of the Eastern Mediterranean have noted that Mycenaean c   [#permalink] 06 Apr 2018, 21:21
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