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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 3): Entomologists have recently [#permalink]
Entomologists have recently discovered what appears to be a global mega-colony of ants, a massive complex that consists of over 22 million interconnected anthill networks constructed by over 200 billion Argentinean ants some 100 years ago and sprawling across the Americas, Europe, Australia, and Asia.
WE NEED TO LOOK FOR PARALLELISM
CONSTRUCTED IS THE MAIN VERB AND WE NEED TO FIND IN THE SAME TENSE.

(A) sprawling
ING VERB - OUT
(B) sprawls
SIMPLE PRESENT - IT IS NOT NEEDED HERE AS IT IS NOT PARELLE

(C) sprawled
THIS IS PERFECT AS IT PARALLEL WITH CONSTRUCTED.

(D) it sprawled
THE USAGE OF IT IS NOT NECESSARY
(E) is sprawling
IS" IS NOT NECESSARY AND CREATES AMBIGUITY.
ANSWER C
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 3): Entomologists have recently [#permalink]
(A) sprawling
Run on sentence. Hence incorrect

(B) sprawls
sprawls would be parallel to 'consists of' here, the meaning of the sentence changes to say that the massive complex is sprawling and not the network. Hence incorrect.

(C) sprawled
'Sprawled' here is parallel with 'constructed' which makes sense as 'interconnected anthill networks' are sprawled across continents. Hence correct

(D) it sprawled
"it sprawled" introduces an unnecessary pronoun "it" and disrupts the flow of the sentence. Hence incorrect.

(E) is sprawling
"is sprawling" is in the present continuous tense, which indicates an ongoing action at the present moment. However, the sentence does not describe the current action of the mega-colony of ants. hence incorrect
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 3): Entomologists have recently [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
Entomologists have recently discovered what appears to be a global mega-colony of ants, a massive complex that consists of over 22 million interconnected anthill networks constructed by over 200 billion Argentinean ants some 100 years ago and sprawling across the Americas, Europe, Australia, and Asia.

(A) sprawling
(B) sprawls
(C) sprawled
(D) it sprawled
(E) is sprawling


 


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The text highlights the issue of tense. While the complex was constructed (simple past) by ants a century ago, it still stands to this day and thus the correct verb is "sprawling" (Present Continuous).

(A) sprawling
CORRECT.

(B) sprawls
Simple present. Moreover, this answer choice incorrectly modifies the noun “anthill networks” with “sprawls across the Americas, Europe, Australia, and Asia”; the use of the active verb “sprawls” forms a dependent clause. INCORRECT

(C) sprawled
As discussed above, the complex still exists. INCORRECT.

(D) it sprawled
The use of "it" is incorrect and makes the sentence unconcise. Further, the word "sprawled" implies past tense. INCORRECT.

(E) is sprawling
The use of "is" is incorrect and makes the sentence unconcise.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 3): Entomologists have recently [#permalink]
divyagolyan wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Entomologists have recently discovered what appears to be a global mega-colony of ants, a massive complex that consists of over 22 million interconnected anthill networks constructed by over 200 billion Argentinean ants some 100 years ago and sprawling across the Americas, Europe, Australia, and Asia.

(A) sprawling
(B) sprawls
(C) sprawled
(D) it sprawled
(E) is sprawling


 


This question was provided by Experts Global
for the Around the World in 80 Questions

Win over $20,000 in prizes: Courses, Tests & more

 



We're talking about "interconnected anthill networks", so "constructed by ...." and "sprawling across..." are both modifiers of the anthill networks. The verb-ed and verb-ing modifiers are parallel to each other.


Why is the option B incorrect though? 'consists' is parallel to 'sprawls' and both correctly modify 'a massive complex'.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 3): Entomologists have recently [#permalink]
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