GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Jun 2019, 20:20

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 08 Feb 2008
Posts: 21
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 11 Jan 2019, 03:54
1
31
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (00:58) correct 35% (01:02) wrong based on 1252 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.


(A) are able to be programmed to think like people

(B) were able to be programmed to think as people

(C) can be programmed to think as people can

(D) could be programmed to think like people

(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

Originally posted by divanshuj on 08 Mar 2010, 08:12.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Jan 2019, 03:54, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2011
Posts: 56
GRE 1: Q800 V800

GRE 2: Q800 V800

Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2011, 10:13
5
7
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do


When you see a split in the answer choices between like and as, eliminate answer choices using this rule: LIKE to compare nouns, AS to compare clauses. Don't try to anticipate the answer; you can't reliably guess which direction the question will go. For instance, the correct answer to this question could have said either as people do or like people.

A uses like to compare computers to people. OK.
B uses as to compare computers to people. Those are both nouns. Eliminate.
C uses as to compare can be programmed to can (be programmed). The second instance of be programmed is elided, but that's not a problem. OK.
D uses like to compare computers to people. OK.
E seems to use like to compare think to do. Those are both verbs. Eliminate.

What next? Well, the comparison in C is illogical. the sentence is meant to say that people think, not that people can be programmed to think. By the way, when you see the word like in an SC, whether it's in the underlined section or not, you will almost certainly find at least one answer that makes an illogical comparison.

That leaves just A and D, are able to be vs. could be. I would choose D, could be, more for reasons of concision/awkwardness than because of the verb tense.
_________________
Most Helpful Community Reply
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Oct 2009
Posts: 429
GMAT 1: 530 Q47 V17
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
WE: Business Development (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2010, 00:05
8
5
D is the correct answer because can is used for general ability whereas could is used for possibility.

A, B and E are eliminated because ability/capability is not used with things

found this explanation in other thread. hope this helps
General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Jan 2010
Posts: 16
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2010, 08:35
3
1
POE leads to option C & D

I chose option D -- correct tense usage -- correct comparison between 'computers' and 'people' using "like"

IMO option C is ambiguous because of the comparison between actions (using "as") -- sounds like we are comparing the two of the following:
- computers can be programmed to think AS
- people can (be programmed to think)

OA pls
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4771
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Sep 2011, 23:08
5
2
The essential things to consider here are: 1. Tense of the verb,2 improper diction and, 3, use of ‘like' for a clause


(A) Are able to be programmed to think like people ------- The main clause is in past tense. Use of present tense in the sub clause is wrong.
(B) Were able to be programmed to think as people ---- – could be is the right choice of the word compared to ‘were able”
(C) can be programmed to think as people can---- shift to present tense in sub cluse is wrong when the main clause is in past tense
(D) could be programmed to think like people ------ good choice.
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do ------1. wrong tense, 2. using ‘like’ for comparing verb
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 21 Apr 2011
Posts: 68
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Oct 2011, 05:25
1
kaliaabhishek wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do


D wins. Main clause is in past tense, hence the successive clause needs to maintain the tense.

The concept is described very well in Manhattan GMAT SC guide (Tense Sequence).

"Avoid mixing Present tense with Conditional tense and mixing Past tense with Future tense. The usual sequences are either
1. Present+Future
Eg. The scientist believes that the machine will be wonderful.
OR 2. Past+Conditional.
Eg. The scientist believed that the machine would be wonderful.

Hope this helps.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 65
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Asset Management (Manufacturing)
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Sep 2012, 08:27
1
IMO D.
Here is my approach.

Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.

(A) are able to be programmed to think like people >> tense problem
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people >> wordy and 'as' compares clauses, not noun. Here People is a noun.
(C) can be programmed to think as people can >> tense problem
(D) could be programmed to think like people >> it corrects tense problem, also 'like' correctly compares nouns. Hence it is the right answer.
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do >> tense problem
_________________
My mantra for cracking GMAT:
Everyone has inborn talent, however those who complement it with hard work we call them 'talented'.


+1 Kudos = Thank You Dear :)
Are you saying thank you?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 13 Aug 2012
Posts: 416
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
GPA: 3.23
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2013, 23:19
Computers do not have abilities and they are not capable.... "Capable" and "able" are to "active" for inanimate objects to use.
Eliminate A, B and E.

Between C and D, we must eliminate C on grounds that it uses "can" which is not consistent with the past tense and "programmed to think as people can" . The intended meaning is to think like people.

Answer: D
_________________
Impossible is nothing to God.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Jun 2013
Posts: 1
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2013, 17:27
1
1
Check the logical context to realise that in
(C) can be programmed to think as people can.
'as people can' refers to the ability of the people to be programmed as the computers are , and not the thinking ability.
(D) could be programmed to think like people.
here it correctly refers to the comparison between the thinking ability of people and computers.


Please let me know if i am right.
Retired Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 17 Jun 2016
Posts: 503
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V39
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.65
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2017, 07:14
1
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.

(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
This gives a meaning that "Computer are themselves able to be programmed"
We actually want to say that "computer can be programmed"


(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
Three Issues :
1st : "Were" - use of past means that computer no longer can be programmed : This is NOT intended..
2nd : Usage of "as" for comparison needs a verb after the subject.. In short we need a clause after the use of "as" ..
Here "as people do is required"
3rd : Same as Option A


(C) can be programmed to think as people can
"as people can" is incorrect : should be "as people do"

(D) could be programmed to think like people
Correct Choice : Comparison using "like" requires that "like be followed by a noun...which is exactly what is given here...

(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do
Here a clause (people do) is being compared using "like" which incorrect. Correct usage of Like for comparison shall be as mentioned in Option D
_________________
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2300
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2017, 08:43
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people - usage of present tense are able is incorrect as main clause is in present
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people - usage of as is incorrect
(C) can be programmed to think as people can - usage of present tense is incorrect as main clause is in present
(D) could be programmed to think like people - Correct
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do - usage of present tense are able is incorrect as main clause is in present ; usage of like to compare verbs is incorrect
Answer D
_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Jan 2019
Posts: 14
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2019, 01:04
A is awkward due to the use of “are able to be”.
B is awkward due to use of “were able to be”
C can be eliminated due to the use of “as people can”, leading to comparison between a noun and a process.
E is wordy.
D is the best choice.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 01:04
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne