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# At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla

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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
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I think that there's a slight changing in meaning between A and B.

In A) Kwame Nkrumah invited W. E. B. Du Bois to settle in Gharla

In B) Is not clear whether Kwame Nkrumah invitated W. E. B. Du to settle in Gharla or not. Perhaps Kwame Nkrumah invited W. E. B. Du to visit the country but not to settle in Gharla.
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
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When he was invited by Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla and became the editor of the Encyclopedia Africana. -- means invitation, settlement and becoming editor all happened together which is not true. It distorts the meaning. This is a tough one. I am sure I will get this kind of question wrong in real test.
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
I'm still confused with this one.
Could anybody elaborate?

Thanks!
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
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noboru wrote:
I'm still confused with this one.
Could anybody elaborate?

Thanks!

I think that Daagh's post provides the most logical explanation.

I answered B, thinking that A sounded awkward and might even be unidiomatic.

If A is grammatically correct, then B changes the meaning.
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
baruna wrote:
180.At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W.E.B. Du Bois settled in Gharla and became the editor of the Encyclopedia Africana.
(A) At the invitation of
(B) When he was invited by
(C) An invitation coming from
(D) An invitation that came from
(E) After having an invitation by
thanks

A is 100% correct.
Correct idiom "at the invitation of....."
For example: At the invitation of Prime Minister V. Putin, President Barack Obama had the official trip to Russia.

Hope it helps.
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
C, D and E is completely wrong.

Now race is between A and B.
Lets take B first,
When he was invited by X, Y settled...and became....
At first, use of passive voice which is not preferred.
Second, use of when is used for particular time frame but no such time frame is indicated by action.
B is out.

Compared to B, A is precise and clear in meaning, at the invitation of X, Y settled.....

A is correct.
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
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Besides the timing of deciding to move is slightly twisted by answer choice D, how do we know it's a "he" when we read the question for the first time? I think that adds some weight to A as well
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
Why E option is incorrect and what is the intended meaning of the sentence?
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
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At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla and became the editor of the Encyclopedia Africana.

(A) At the invitation of Correct answer and no apparent errors.

(B) When he was invited by This implies that Du Bois settled in Gharla at the same time as (or, at least, very close to the time of) the invitation. While not outrightly wrong, this meaning is a little hard to digest. The sentence clearly intends to say that Du Bois settled sometime after the invitation. Given option (A) is so much clearer, we can eliminate this option.

(C) An invitation coming from Incorrect usage of present continuous "coming" for an invitation in the past. Also, that Du Bois settle because of the invitation is not made clear. Eliminate.

(D) An invitation that came from That Du Bois settle because of the invitation is not made clear. Eliminate.

(E) After having an invitation by "having" should be followed by a verb when trying to depict the act of inviting. Eliminate.

Hope this helps.
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
amanchandra17 wrote:
Why E option is incorrect and what is the intended meaning of the sentence?

amanchandra17, "After having an invitation" is the incorrect usage (see Crack verbal's explanation!). More importantly, it's the meaning that is the real problem here. This sentence basically says that X decided to settle in Ghana after being invited. It simples says that 1 event happened after the other. A is better at communicating the intended meaning, which is "X settled in Ghana to Oblige Y and as Y invited X".

Hope this helps!
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
noboru wrote:
At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla and became the editor of the Encyclopedia Africana.

(A) At the invitation of
(B) When he was invited by
(C) An invitation coming from
(D) An invitation that came from
(E) After having an invitation by

A is the only one that clarifies why "W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla and became the editor of the Encyclopedia Africana" without creating a run on, or sounding awkward.
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
I am not clear why we rejecetd D here?
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
Can you please elaborate on choice E. I understood that choice A is most precise, succinct and depicting the meaning as inferred. But I am not able to have that clarity for choice E, why its incorrect.
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Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
Tea12 wrote:
Can you please elaborate on choice E. I understood that choice A is most precise, succinct and depicting the meaning as inferred. But I am not able to have that clarity for choice E, why its incorrect.

First off, this might not be an official question, so don't stress over it too much.

For whatever it's worth, (E) suggests a nonsensical timeline:

• Du Bois received an invitation, and he had that invitation for some period of time.
• At some point AFTER having the invitation, he settled in Gharla. Does this imply that the invitation was rescinded or forfeited BEFORE Du Bois went to Gharla?

In (E), "after having" doesn't really make sense. (A) avoids that issue entirely, making it a better choice.

I hope that helps!
Re: At the invitation of Kwame Nkrumah, W. E. B. Du Bois settled in Gharla [#permalink]
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