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# Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical

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Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Feb 2015, 20:18
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (01:55) correct 36% (01:51) wrong based on 577 sessions

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Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound.
(A) same as original
(B) That a manufacturer has secured a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds do not bar competitors from producing similar chemicals and having at least one important difference from the patented compound
(C) A patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like the patented compound, as long as the two differ structurally in at least one way
(D) When securing a patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds, competitors are not barred from the production of chemicals such as the patented compound, provided that there is at least one structural difference
(E) Even if a manufacturer secures a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds, this does not bar competitors from the production of a chemical such as the patented compound, but having at least one structural difference from it

OA will follow.

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Originally posted by harshap on 23 Apr 2012, 20:58.
Last edited by pqhai on 17 Feb 2015, 20:18, edited 1 time in total.
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20 Nov 2012, 10:19
5
a)Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound ------ ‘from producing a chemical like it’ , ‘as long as those chemicals have’ see the shift in number. From a chemical, the choice incongruously shifts to ‘those chemicals’

b)That a manufacturer has secured a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds do not bar competitors from producing similar chemicals and having at least one important difference from the patented compound incorrect usage of having--- The subject of the sentence is the long --- That a manufacturer has secured a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds--- This is considered singular and hence the verb should be -- does not bar -- and not --do not bar--.

c) A patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like the patented compound, as long as the two differ structurally in at least one way correct – Correct choice. You may see that this is a comparison between tow compounds and that one is the example of each other; use of ' such as' is wrong as you find in later choices. .

d)When securing a patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds, competitors are not barred from the production of chemicals such as the patented compound, provided that there is at least one structural difference --- 1. Modification problem 2. When we use a subordinate conjunction such as ‘when” it should be part of a full-fledged clause, with a noun verb and not with a simple participial phrase as comparing 3. 'such as' is wrong

e)Even if a manufacturer secures a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds, this does not bar competitors from the production of a chemical such as the patented compound, but having at least one structural difference from it. ----1. From the production is wrong idiom; from producing is the acceptable version 2. 2. 'Such as' are wrong 3. But having is a wrong structure. We cannot use a fanboy here to connect IC and a participial phrase 4. Do all the manufacturer’s put together produce one chemical? It should be chemicals rather

Nice question Kudo to Marcab
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 00:01
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(A) Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound.
(B) That a manufacturer has secured a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds do not bar competitors from producing similar chemicals and having at least one important difference from the patented compound
(C) A patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like the patented compound, as long as the two differ structurally in at least one way
(D) When securing a patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds, competitors are not barred from the production of chemicals such as the patented compound, provided that there is at least one structural difference
(E) Even if a manufacturer secures a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds, this does not bar competitors from the production of a chemical such as the patented compound, but having at least one structural difference from it

hence C
OA??
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 00:30
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Yes OA is C.
For mentioned reasons and also for other reasons such as:
A is wrong: because is a wrong conjunction.
B is wrong : subject verb agreement issue, that noun clause is singular and the verb used is "do not"
D is wrong : The modifier "when securing..."modifies competitors and alters meaning.
E is wrong : The use of pronoun "this" is incorrect.
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 00:32
C or D.

But I do not like C because of "two" and D because of "such as".

What is OA?
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 08:37
1
I will try to use 'Clarity' to attack this question.

(A) Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound.
Because a manufacturer does X, X does not...sounds in correct, since the first one is a dependent clause. It should be "Because a manufacturer does X, it (manufacturer) does not.... Also there are pronoun issues 'chemicals like IT', and 'THOSE chemicals'.
(B) That a manufacturer has secured a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds do not bar competitors from producing similar chemicals and having at least one important difference from the patented compound
S-V issue
(C) A patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like the patented compound, as long as the two differ structurally in at least one way
(D) When securing a patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds, competitors are not barred from the production of chemicals such as the patented compound, provided that there is at least one structural difference
This states an action, "when securing a patent". An action of the manufacturer does not bar competitors, but it's the result of the action that bars competitors.
(E) Even if a manufacturer secures a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds, this does not bar competitors from the production of a chemical such as the patented compound, but having at least one structural difference from it
Pronoun issue

Let me know what you make of this.
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 16:38
harshap wrote:
Yes OA is C.
For mentioned reasons and also for other reasons such as:
A is wrong: because is a wrong conjunction.
B is wrong : subject verb agreement issue, that noun clause is singular and the verb used is "do not"
D is wrong : The modifier "when securing..."modifies competitors and alters meaning.
E is wrong : The use of pronoun "this" is incorrect.

hi Harshap. confused on this one. thought A was the right answer despite the 'because' at the starting because of the intented meaning which was:

Patents are granted on pharma.. compounds and not on chemicals. hence a manufacturer holding a patent cannot bar a competitor if the competitor can prove that his/her chemical has atleast one structural difference.

on the looks of it, i had eliminated C and D because of the possessive i.e., manufacturer's ph...compound that i felt restructured the meaning differently.

B - felt awkward E - such that is incorrectly used.

so i guess question is why C and not A?
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 16:55
The sentence construction is such that, it tries to explain the limitation of patent protection. Author says, the manufacturer secures patent, but patent does not bar...i.e. because manufacturer does X, X does not
the construction is not as you deciphered , because manufacturer does x, manufacturer does not....
the patent can not bar something (patent limitation), is not a result of manufacturer's securing patent.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 17:17
harshap wrote:
The sentence construction is such that, it tries to explain the limitation of patent protection. Author says, the manufacturer secures patent, but patent does not bar...i.e. because manufacturer does X, X does not
the construction is not as you deciphered , because manufacturer does x, manufacturer does not....
the patent can not bar something (patent limitation), is not a result of manufacturer's securing patent.

Hope this helps.

Hi harshap, afraid I don't follow. Having a patent clearly bars competitors from using the same chemicals. Though I understand now why C could be correct, I feel that A is wrong now because the statement would have been better if it started with "Just because..." Instead of "Because..."

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Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2012, 09:52
1
Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound.

a)Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound

b)That a manufacturer has secured a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds do not bar competitors from producing similar chemicals and having at least one important difference from the patented compound

c)A patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like the patented compound, as long as the two differ structurally in at least one way

d)When securing a patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds, competitors are not barred from the production of chemicals such as the patented compound, provided that there is at least one structural difference

e)Even if a manufacturer secures a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds, this does not bar competitors from the production of a chemical such as the patented compound, but having at least one structural difference from it

OA
Let us have some discussion first

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19 Nov 2012, 11:30
B-use of that is not correct.
D-change the meaning.
E- use of It is ambigous
Between A&C I will go for C as it is concise and gives clear meaning.
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20 Nov 2012, 06:33
Marcab wrote:
Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound.

a)Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound

b)That a manufacturer has secured a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds do not bar competitors from producing similar chemicals and having at least one important difference from the patented compound

c)A patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like the patented compound, as long as the two differ structurally in at least one way

d)When securing a patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds, competitors are not barred from the production of chemicals such as the patented compound, provided that there is at least one structural difference

e)Even if a manufacturer secures a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds, this does not bar competitors from the production of a chemical such as the patented compound, but having at least one structural difference from it

OA
Let us have some discussion first

IMO A.

As you said i went with meaning for this question

Because represents contrast....
i guess B D E doesnt produce any contrast.

C gives the intended meaning without contrast word. (seems to be right)

pls correct me if im wrong
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20 Nov 2012, 07:20
Why do you think a contrast is needed here?
Consider this example.
Because India has a prime minister who is Sikh, it doesn't bars a person of other religion to become the prime minister of India.
Does the above example requires contrast?
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20 Nov 2012, 08:18
Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound.

a)Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical compound, the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals have at least one structural difference with the patented compound pronoun ambiguity

b)That a manufacturer has secured a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds do not bar competitors from producing similar chemicals and having at least one important difference from the patented compound incorrect usage of having

c)A patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like the patented compound, as long as the two differ structurally in at least one way correct

d)When securing a patent for one of a manufacturer’s pharmaceutical compounds, competitors are not barred from the production of chemicals such as the patented compound, provided that there is at least one structural difference who is secures the patent - manufacturers or competitors..it says competitors - incorrect

e)Even if a manufacturer secures a patent for one of its pharmaceutical compounds, this does not bar competitors from the production of a chemical such as the patented compound, but having at least one structural difference from it incorrect usage of having
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2012, 00:04
A looks good to me except that it switched from "a chemical like it"to a plural "those chemicals"
The "Because..." phrase provides a subordinate clause and a reason why the "patent" does not bar other competitors
from producing a similar chemical. The use of "such as" is wrong because we don't expect other companies to produce the
SAME chemical that has already been patented and without any license to do that.

C: after a pause for the referent of "the TWO differ structurally ", i think the meaning is clear and grammatically sound.
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2012, 21:18
Because A , B happens , as long as C occurs. This is the format of the given Question.
From seeing the options given . B , D , E gets eliminated Becoz of change in meaning.
Im stuck with A & C. I dunno wat s the answer.
I believe its time to give the correct OA atleast after a couple of weeks.
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01 Dec 2012, 22:02
praveen750 wrote:
B-use of that is not correct.
D-change the meaning.
E- use of It is ambigous
Between A&C I will go for C as it is concise and gives clear meaning.

B is wrong not because of the use of That-clause
In fact, in MGMAT SC 4th ed, the GMAT prefers a That-clause (with verbs) to a series of phrases (with nouns). As a poster here has pointed out, the "that-clause" requires a singular verb; therefore, "do not bar" is wrong.

I think the use of structure "Because X, Y" makes answer choice (A) wrong. The intended meaning of the original problem is not about the cause-effect relation; it just means that a patent for a product does not prevent other producer from making similar product.

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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2012, 22:16
santhoshnebalan wrote:
Because A , B happens , as long as C occurs. This is the format of the given Question.
From seeing the options given . B , D , E gets eliminated Becoz of change in meaning.
Im stuck with A & C. I dunno wat s the answer.
I believe its time to give the correct OA atleast after a couple of weeks.

Choice A -> the patent does not bar competitors from producing a chemical like it, as long as those chemicals....

it" is ambiguous;
"difference with" is unidiomatic.
Agreement error between the 2 boldface.

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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2012, 22:48
Yeah.
Its time to post the OA.
OA is C.
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Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical  [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2013, 21:08
Doesn't one of a manufacturer's compound sound weird when u speak?
Re: Because a manufacturer secures a patent for a pharmaceutical   [#permalink] 05 Nov 2013, 21:08

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