GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 15 Oct 2018, 12:19

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 147
Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 24 Sep 2018, 23:52
2
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:11) correct 49% (01:15) wrong based on 733 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the food they eat before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.


(A) before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.

(B) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed is used to grind their food.

(C) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.

(D) before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed is used to grind their food.

(E) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed are used to grind their food.


This question focuses on verb tense and agreement, as well as general rhetorical construction. In this sentence all of the verbs agree with their subjects. However, the phrase before reaching the stomach does not have a clear subject. It appears to modify they, the chickens, instead of food. The present tense verb swallow should be replaced with the present perfect verb have swallowed in order to indicate that the swallowing occurred before the use of the stones.

A) The phrase before reaching the stomach does not have a clear subject. It appears to modify they, the chickens, instead of food.The present tense verb swallow should be replaced with the present perfect verb have swallowed in order to indicate that the swallowing occurred before the use of the stones.

B) The singular verb is does not agree with the plural subject stones. Is should be in the plural form are.

C) swallow should be in past perfect have swallowed

D) The phrase before reaching the stomach does not have a clear subject. It appears to modify they, the chickens, instead of food. The singular verb is does not agree with the plural noun stones. Is should be in the plural form are.

E) This sentence is correct as is. In this sentence all of the verbs agree with their subjects and are in the correct tenses. The modifying phrases do not allow for any confusion.

_________________

Read my posts...
What are modifiers ??


Originally posted by sivasanjeev on 18 Jan 2014, 22:27.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Sep 2018, 23:52, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4482
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 15 Aug 2016, 23:26
9
Top Contributor
1
The requirement of a perfect tense for the swallowing of stones is debatable and dubious. It is not that the chicks swallow stones first and then use those stones for grinding the following food. Because chicks eat food from bare ground mostly, every time the eat their staple food, they ingest stones. In farm grown conditions, since the chicks may not get adequate quantity stones, it is not uncommon to mix hard shell grits in the mash to aid digestion and provide additional calcium. Therefore, swallowing stones is a concurrent and ongoing affair. As such, we do not indicate ongoing processes in perfect tense. Therefore I would discount E as the correct choice, but vote C.

Agree with Lowryder that something as quibbling as this may not find its way onto the GMAT.

Now one parting gift for the day; take this case:
1. We get nutrition from the food we take
2. We get nutrition from the food we have taken.
Which is the normal way of saying?
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509


Originally posted by daagh on 15 Aug 2016, 12:36.
Last edited by daagh on 15 Aug 2016, 23:26, edited 1 time in total.
General Discussion
Current Student
User avatar
P
Status: It always seems impossible until it's done!!
Joined: 29 Aug 2012
Posts: 1119
Location: India
WE: General Management (Aerospace and Defense)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jul 2014, 02:14
3
A) before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food- There is no subject for "before reaching the stomach"- So Eliminate.

B) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed is used to grind their food- stones is plural, so the verb also has to be plural. But here it is singular (is)- So Eliminate.

C) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food- present perfect is need here. Not present (swallow)- Since it is an ongoing activity after every meal- Hence Eliminate.

D) before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed is used to grind their food-Same as A. Singular verb "is" does not agree with plural subject "stones"- So eliminate

E) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed are used to grind their food- Here all S-V agreement is perfect. Also no modifier errors.


So the answer is E.
_________________

Become a GMAT Club Premium member to avail lot of discounts

Retired Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 04 Aug 2016
Posts: 525
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Strategy
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Premium Member
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Mar 2017, 07:48
why is C incorrect here? Isn't simple present preferred here?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3036
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Mar 2017, 08:52
3
warriorguy wrote:
why is C incorrect here? Isn't simple present preferred here?


The action "are used" can be done only AFTER the action "swallow". Therefore present perfect is better to depict this sequence.
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 513
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
CAT Tests
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Mar 2017, 16:06
1
Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the food they eat before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.
A) before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.
what reaches the stomach?
B) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed is used to grind their food.
is used is wrong because the stones are used.stones are plural.
C) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.
the tense is wrong, the stones they have swallowed must be used.
D) before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed is used to grind their food.
same as A
E) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed are used to grind their food.
Correct pronoun usage.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 21 Aug 2016
Posts: 266
Location: India
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Mar 2017, 20:39
Hi Expert,

I don't know how and when chicks swallow the stones. Just by reading the original sentence, how can I determine that stones are swallowed first to digest the food ?
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1319
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Mar 2017, 00:05
2
This is not a good question, and it's definitely not one of ours! Can someone please change the attribution?

We would never need to bring in outside knowledge of whether stones are swallowed before or after eating, and as daagh points out, the entire distinction doesn't make much sense.
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 04 Oct 2015
Posts: 288
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 730 Q51 V36
GPA: 3.56
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Apr 2017, 20:31
Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the food they eat before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.

A) before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.

--> in phrase before reaching, the implicit subject is chickens --> illogical.

B) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed is used to grind their food.

--> stones is plural, so we need are, not is

C) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.

--> we need present perfect tense to denote the sequence of events: swallow comes first and then grind comes second.

D) before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed is used to grind their food.

--> in phrase before reaching, the implicit subject is chickens --> illogical.

E) before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed are used to grind their food.

--> correct.
_________________

Do not pray for an easy life, pray for the strength to endure a difficult one - Bruce Lee

Senior PS Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 26 Feb 2016
Posts: 3181
Location: India
GPA: 3.12
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2017, 23:41
In the original sentence, the underlined portion has the following errors:
before reaching the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard
in which stones they swallow are used to grind their food.

Using 'it' makes the antecedent clearly refer to food.
Also, the stones they have swallowed are used to grind their food gives the meaning clarity.

This when replaced with :
before it reaches the stomach, and for this reason, chickens have a gizzard in which stones they have swallowed are used to grind their food(Option E)
corrects both these errors and is hence the correct answer.
_________________

You've got what it takes, but it will take everything you've got

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3180
Premium Member
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Sep 2018, 19:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the &nbs [#permalink] 23 Sep 2018, 19:36
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Because chickens lack teeth, they need another way to break apart the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.