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Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing seaso

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Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing seaso  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 Aug 2019, 11:38
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Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing season, the price of oranges this season will be three times the usual price. This will drive up the cost of producing orange juice and thus push up the price of orange juice for the consumer.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) The recent drought was not as severe as scientists predicted.

(B) States other than Florida also supply oranges to orange juice manufacturers.

(C) Other ingredients are used in the production of orange juice.

(D) Last year the price of oranges was actually lower than the average price over the past ten years.

(E) The price of oranges will eventually be $0.48 per crate.

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Originally posted by mojorising800 on 29 Jan 2010, 01:26.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 28 Aug 2019, 11:38, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted and added OA
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Re: Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing seaso  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2010, 08:30
Conclusion: The cost of producing orange juice will be higher which in turn will push up the cost of orange juice

To weaken this conclusion, we have to negatively impact the conclusion.

Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing season, the
price of oranges this season will be three times the usual price. This will drive up
the cost of producing orange juice and thus push up the price of orange juice for
the consumer.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?
(A) The recent drought was not as severe as scientists predicted.
This is not related to the cost of producing orange juice.
(B) States other than Florida also supply oranges to orange juice manufacturers.
This seems to be the most probable answer. Assuming that states other than Florida didn't experience drought and the cost of oranges is the same elsewhere, the cost of producing orange juice would not be much impacted.

(C) Other ingredients are used in the production of orange juice.
The major ingredient of orange juice is orange. So, the cost of other ingredients is irrelevant.
(D) Last year the price of oranges was actually lower than the average price over
the past ten years.
: Though the cost of oranges was actually lower,the price will be thrice the price now. The new price cannot be assumed to be lower/higher from this choice.
(E) The price of oranges will eventually be $0.48 per crate. : We cannot assume the cost of orange juice from this.
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Re: Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing seaso  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2011, 10:08
garbage question none of the options are conclusive.
if taken literally, c is the least bad ans.
it says 'Other ingredients are used in the production of orange juice'
and not 'Other ingredients are ALSO used in the production of orange juice'
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Re: Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing seaso  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2015, 01:18
I marked B as wrong for following reason:
States other than Florida also supply oranges to orange juice manufacturers, But the % contribution of other states v/s that by Florida state is not given.
For eg. if other states contribute 5% & Florida contributes 95% of oranges, prices will go high.
and if other states contrubute 90% & Florida contributes 10%, then prices might not go high or may even then rise.

Can't really figure out error in my reasoning! :(
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Re: Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing seaso  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2019, 11:41
Official Explanation

Conclusion: This will drive up the cost of producing orange juice and thus push up the price of orange juice for the consumer.

Premise: Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing season, the price of Florida oranges this season will be three times the usual price.

Assumptions: There’s no other way to interpret the facts. Because a recent drought is making Florida oranges cost three times the usual price this season, the cost of producing orange juice will go up and thus push up the price of orange juice for the consumer. There is no other explanation.

The question stem asks which answer choice most seriously weakens the argument, so this is a weaken question. The argument uses an interpretation of evidence reasoning pattern, which can be identified by the presentation of specific facts as evidence. In this case, that the price of Florida oranges this season will be three times the usual because of a recent drought, which in turn will drive up the cost of producing orange juice and push up the price for the consumer.

The standard assumption of an interpretation of evidence reasoning pattern is that there is no other way to interpret the facts. Because this is a weaken question, the correct answer will demonstrate that the facts do not necessarily lead to the conclusion. In other words, that just because the price of Florida oranges this season will be three times the usual price because of a recent drought, that will not necessarily drive up the cost of producing orange juice and push up the price for the consumer. Evaluate the answer choices, looking for one that matches this idea.

Choice A: No. This answer choice is out of scope. Even if The recent drought was not as severe as predicted, it could still have enough impact to drive up the cost of producing orange juice and push up the price for the consumer.

Choice B: Correct. This choice weakens the argument. If Only a small percentage of the oranges used to make orange juice are grown in Florida, then just because the price of Florida oranges will be three times the usual would not necessarily drive up the cost of producing orange juice and the price of orange juice for the consumer in general.

Choice C: No. This answer choice is out of scope. Even if Other ingredients are used in the production of orange juice, the price of Florida oranges this season (which are) three times the usual price could still have enough impact to drive up the cost of producing orange juice and push up the price for the consumer.

Choice D: No. This answer choice is out of scope. Even if Last year the price of oranges was lower than the average over the past ten years, the price of Florida oranges this season (which are) three times the usual price could still have enough impact to drive up the cost of producing orange juice and push up the price for the consumer.

Choice E: No. This answer choice is out of scope. An eventual price of oranges has no impact on the price of Florida oranges this season.

The correct answer is choice B.


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Re: Because of a recent drought in Florida during the orange-growing seaso   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2019, 11:41
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