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# Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert

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Manager
Joined: 06 Oct 2004
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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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11 May 2005, 16:57
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65% (hard)

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63% (01:50) correct 37% (01:51) wrong based on 1113 sessions

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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city. Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca's schools. Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.

(B) The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.

(C) The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.

(D) The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.

(E) The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations
Manager
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Apr 2017, 22:04
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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools. Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
(B) The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
(C) The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
(D) The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
(E) The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.
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--gregspirited

Originally posted by gregspirited on 21 Dec 2007, 09:06.
Last edited by hazelnut on 17 Apr 2017, 22:04, edited 3 times in total.
OA updated
##### General Discussion
Director
Joined: 03 Nov 2004
Posts: 830
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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11 May 2005, 18:55
I will go with D
B, C & E - can be eliminated because the first BF is not endorsed/accepted by the argument.
Between A & D - A can be eliminated because the second BF is not a prediction it is the conclusion of the argument - 'In consequence' is the clue here.
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Jan 2005
Posts: 310
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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11 May 2005, 20:39
D for me. Same reasons as Rathod.

GA
Manager
Joined: 04 May 2005
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Location: Austin, Texas
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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11 May 2005, 20:55
I will go with D
B, C & E - can be eliminated because the first BF is not endorsed/accepted by the argument.
Between A & D - A can be eliminated because the second BF is not a prediction it is the conclusion of the argument - 'In consequence' is the clue here.

I vote (A). The second boldface is indeed a prediction of the future: "retail sales are bound to increase". And if that prediction is true, that fact undermines the objection in the first boldface. Just as answer choice (A) says.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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11 May 2005, 20:56
I will take "A"....author admits that critics point is valid by saying "The critics are correct on this point. ", so I think "D" is out.
Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2005
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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11 May 2005, 20:57
Between A and D I will go with A .
because first is an objection to the plan and the second one is a prediction
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2007, 23:35
gregspirited wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

I say A. b/c the first is an objection to the plan and the second undermines that plan.

B: no alternate plan given
C: the second is not criticism
D: close but not correct b/c the first is not a claim, the first is a true statement.
E: no reservation of accepting the claim is presented.

If not A then D, D is very close but I still think A is a better choice.
VP
Joined: 22 Nov 2007
Posts: 1063
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2007, 09:19
[quote="gregspirited"]Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

A??? the possibility of an increase of retail sales undermines the first criticism...
Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2007
Posts: 137
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2008, 14:29
I think A is the best choice. However, D is close.

marcodonzelli wrote:
gregspirited wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

A??? the possibility of an increase of retail sales undermines the first criticism...
Manager
Joined: 21 Oct 2005
Posts: 88
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2008, 06:07
1
I would go for A

the reason I think D isn;t correct because its not the main point used by arguement.. main point used by an arguement to prove itself is something that supports it.. the second BF is itself a conclusion..

wats the OA
Manager
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Posts: 113
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2008, 09:47
i got for D too.

A is too general, and i think it would be easier to ignore all the asnwer choices that do not agreee with the second statement being the conclusion of the entire argument. C comes close enough, but the first part is incorrect. Only D satisfies the argument as a whole. That's my take on this kind of questions. Find one that is the easiest to spot and eliminate the rest. you have a better chance to get the answer right.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2008, 11:36
A

D is wrong because the claim is not false as D states, he beleives the claim by itself, he just doesnt support it because it is not taking into account the new retail stores.
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 279
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2008, 07:59
A good debate should be how do we elliminate A or D. Even though I would have picked A but I do not know how to elliminate D.
Director
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 751
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2008, 02:02
The bold face arguments are tricky. First need to know the conclusion of the argument and how the bold face arguments relates to the conclusion.

Conclusion: (2 nd bold face argument: In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.
First bold face argument is an objection that points out new plan won’t generate same amount as old plan.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Hold it]

B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Eliminate it]

C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Eliminate it]

D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Eliminate it]

E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Eliminate it]

Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2006
Posts: 142
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2008, 09:13
gregspirited wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

D can be eliminated because the argument doesnt refute the claim raised by the critics. The argument in fact endorses the view point of the critics by saying that the critics are correct on this point.
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Neelabh Mahesh

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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2008, 18:25
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city. Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools. Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2008, 14:09
you know, i was thinking about E as well, but I didnt understand the second part of the sentence ... especially the 'rewarding' bit
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 03:23
But OA is not E
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2008, 03:30
sondenso wrote:
But OA is not E

got me again

rite, i need to boldfaces
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert   [#permalink] 04 Jun 2008, 03:30

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