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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert

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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2017, 06:29
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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city. Critics protest that 3 percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools. Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first presents a plan that the argument concludes is unlikely to achieve its goal; the second expresses that conclusion.

(B) The first presents a plan that the argument concludes is unlikely to achieve its goal; the second presents evidence in support of that conclusion.

(C) The first presents a plan that the argument contends is the best available; the second is a conclusion drawn by the argument to justify that contention.

(D) The first presents a plan one of whose consequences is at issue in the argument; the second is the argument’s conclusion about that consequence.

(E) The first presents a plan that the argument seeks to defend against a certain criticism; the second is that criticism.

SOURCE: OG18 Q160

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Official Guide Verbal Review 2017 did modify the question from the following post. (Book Question: 164)

https://gmatclub.com/forum/aroca-city-c ... 57407.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-official ... 25020.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2017, 22:57
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Situation: New plan is introduced and it will succeed.

BF1: New plan.
BF2: Verdict on the new plan.

(A) The first presents a plan that the argument concludes is unlikely to achieve its goal; the second expresses that conclusion. - Incorrect. The argument concludes that BF1 is likely to achieve its goal.

(B) The first presents a plan that the argument concludes is unlikely to achieve its goal; the second presents evidence in support of that conclusion. - Incorrect. Same error as in A.

(C) The first presents a plan that the argument contends is the best available; the second is a conclusion drawn by the argument to justify that contention. - Incorrect. We do not know whether the first plan is the best available.

(D) The first presents a plan one of whose consequences is at issue in the argument; the second is the argument’s conclusion about that consequence. - Correct.

(E) The first presents a plan that the argument seeks to defend against a certain criticism; the second is that criticism. - Incorrect. BF2 is not a criticism.

Answer: D
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2017, 12:46
Hi,
I have a doubt here, Why option D is correct?

The first presents a plan one of whose consequences is at issue in the argument; the second is the argument’s conclusion about that consequence.

The first presents a plan one of whose consequences is at issue in the argument - What is one of the consequences of the 1st bold faced portion which is at issue?

the second is the argument’s conclusion about that consequence - What consequence is talked here based on which the 2nd bold faced statement is taken as conclusion?
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2017, 22:14
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
Hi,
I have a doubt here, Why option D is correct?

The first presents a plan one of whose consequences is at issue in the argument; the second is the argument’s conclusion about that consequence.

The first presents a plan one of whose consequences is at issue in the argument - What is one of the consequences of the 1st bold faced portion which is at issue?

the second is the argument’s conclusion about that consequence - What consequence is talked here based on which the 2nd bold faced statement is taken as conclusion?


What is one of the consequences of the 1st bold faced portion which is at issue? - The argument is concerned whether the plan will succeed.

Critics say that the plan will not succeed because of some fact. But, notice the keyword 'Nevertheless', which diverts from the view taken by the critics. The argument concludes that the plan will have the desired effect. What follows after the conclusion is further evidence to strengthen the conclusion that the plan is going to succeed.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 03:40
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let us read the paragraph provided --

The first sentence -- "Aroca City currently funds ..." -- is a fact. The second sentence states a new development in the city. This also is a fact.

The very next sentence talks about the critics' opinion on the issue.

The fourth sentence -- "critics are correct on this point" -- states the author's opinion. It is possible that this can be the conclusion of the author's argument.

However, the next sentence -- "Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools" -- weakens the force of the previous statement. Note the keyword "nevertheless" (= in spite of the fact that). This is the author's main conclusion. Rest of the paragraph -- "Several large retailers have selected Aroca City ..." -- supports the main conclusion of the argument by suggesting that probably the money going to Aroca's schools will probably not be reduced after all.

Let us take a look at the answer options --

Option A and B - Incorrect

"unlikely to achieve its goal" -- the main conclusion of the author suggests otherwise. The second does not express the conclusion that 3% of sales tax would fall short. That would be the critic's conclusion. Author's conclusion is precisely the opposite.

Option C - Incorrect

WE cannot infer whether this is the best plan available.

Option D - Correct answer

The "issue" -- critics say that the plan will fall short of funding public schools/ Author suggests the opposite.
the second boldface is the main conclusion.

Option E - Incorrect

the second boldface supports the first, not criticize.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Dec 2017, 21:35
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property.In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of 3 percent on all retail sales in the city. Critics protest that 3 percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools. Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of 6 percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A.
The first presents a plan that the argument concludes is unlikely to achieve its goal; the second expresses that conclusion.
B.
The first presents a plan that the argument concludes is unlikely to achieve its goal; the second presents evidence in support of that conclusion.
C.
The first presents a plan that the argument contends is the best available; the second is a conclusion drawn by the argument to justify that contention.
D.
The first presents a plan one of whose consequences is at issue in the argument; the second is the argument’s conclusion about that consequence.
E.
The first presents a plan that the argument seeks to defend against a certain criticism; the second is that criticism.


There is a similar one that is from Gmat Prep.

Originally posted by chesstitans on 20 Dec 2017, 15:44.
Last edited by chesstitans on 20 Dec 2017, 21:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2017, 19:26
chesstitans wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of 3 percent on all retail sales in the city. Critics protest that 3 percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools. Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of 6 percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.
If I remember correctly, the critics protest... taxes bit is not supposed to be in boldface. The first portion should be just in place... the city.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2018, 06:06
Hi GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma GMATNinjaTwo

How do you figure out which of the below two is main conclusion:
a. The critics are correct on this point.
b. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca's schools

Why is (C) incorrect?

Quote:
C. The first presents a plan that the argument contends is the best available; the second is a conclusion drawn by the argument to justify that contention.


Can I not co-relate highlight texts? Is second part of (C) incorrect?
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2018, 05:31
Nevertheless means "in spite of that".. the plan is surely not represented as the best (no comparison is given)..Also, second is a conclusion about that particular plan only ..not about the intent that it is the best plan
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adkikani wrote:
How do you figure out which of the below two is main conclusion:
a. The critics are correct on this point.
b. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca's schools

Why is (C) incorrect?

Quote:
C. The first presents a plan that the argument contends is the best available; the second is a conclusion drawn by the argument to justify that contention.


Can I not co-relate highlight texts? Is second part of (C) incorrect?


The first presents a plan but the argument doesn't contend that it is the best plan available.

Critics doubt that the plan (first boldface) will succeed.

The second boldface then states that the plan will succeed. --> The second boldface doesn't justify that the plan available is the best.

C is incorrect for the above reasons.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2018, 14:31
adkikani wrote:
Hi GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma GMATNinjaTwo

How do you figure out which of the below two is main conclusion:
a. The critics are correct on this point.
b. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca's schools

Why is (C) incorrect?

Quote:
C. The first presents a plan that the argument contends is the best available; the second is a conclusion drawn by the argument to justify that contention.


Can I not co-relate highlight texts? Is second part of (C) incorrect?

Hi adkikani, sorry for the delayed reply!

Identifying the conclusion is a bit tricky here. But what do we really care about? Is the author primarily concerned with convincing you that "the critics are correct"? The conclusion is the thing that everything else in the passage supports. Does the rest of the passage support the fact that the critics are correct? Not at all.... in fact, the author doesn't cite any evidence to support this claim. The author simply tells us that the critics are correct.

Even though the critics are correct about some of the facts, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools. THIS is what we really care about. The author is trying to convince us that the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca's schools. The rest of the passage supports that statement.

Hopefully the explanation by Vyshak cleared up your other concerns. If you still have questions, please use the request verbal experts' reply button.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on propert   [#permalink] 01 Mar 2018, 14:31
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