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# Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this

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Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 09 Oct 2012, 21:03
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Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.

A. store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.
B. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.
C. store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, fewer than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store.
D. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store.
E. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of their Manhattan flagship store.

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Originally posted by getgyan on 09 Oct 2012, 03:38.
Last edited by getgyan on 09 Oct 2012, 21:03, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Mo  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 04:45
1
getgyan wrote:
Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.

A. store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store. - which incorrectly modifies santa monica
B. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store. Correct Choice
C. store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, fewer than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store.which incorrectly modifies santa monica
D. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store. - The word Chain's is missing here
E. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of their Manhattan flagship store. The word Chain's is missing here

IMO B
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Re: Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Mo  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 09:25
but why do we need chain's here?

cant we simply say "Manhattan flagship store" - as in D

+1D
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Re: Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Mo  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 21:12
1
yashii9 wrote:
but why do we need chain's here?

cant we simply say "Manhattan flagship store" - as in D

+1D

Hi Yashii

Let us read the sentence with option D

Bloomingdale‘s Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store.

Now what is Manhattan flagship store? This sentence does not gives us anything which relates Bloomingdale‘s Santa Monica store to Manhattan flagship store. It could be an electronic retails shop or a fast food chain. We just cannot say. If we insert an "its" before Manhattan in this option, then it will be a correct answer as "its" will correctly refer to the singular Bloomingdale.

Makes sense

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Re: Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Mo  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 21:40
1
getgyan wrote:
Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.

A. store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.
B. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.
C. store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, fewer than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store.
D. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store.
E. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of their Manhattan flagship store.

Less vs Fewer
We can eliminate Option C because of "fewer".
We use fewer for countable things or for people.
We use less for uncountable things.
In this question we need Less not Fewer.

Comparison

In C and D, we are comparing Bloomingdale's store in Santa Monica with the Manhattan flagship store.
Which is not correct.
Here correct meaning is comparing Bloomingdale's Santa Monica Store with Bloomingdale's Manhattan flagship store.

Hence we are left A, B and E.
In E , the error is of "their" Hence incorrect.

In A and B the comparison is correct, but the things being compared are not parallel in A.
hence answer is A

+1 B
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Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2014, 08:31
I feel A & B are contenders.

In A, which can correctly refer to Store and not to Santa Monica,taking meaning into consideration. But between option A & B, B is best as it follows parallelism i.e. Bloomingdale‘s Santa Monica store parallels chain‘s Manhattan flagship store. Moreover, parallelism in option B helps in meaning too.

Experts request your feedback on option A & B.

Thanks.
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Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 21:21
C out because of fewer.
E is incorrect because of their.
D is incorrect, the word Chain's is missing here.
In A 'in Santa Monica' is an essential modifier. why is it wrong ?
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Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 22:41
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A. Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store. ----- not parallel

B. Bloomingdale‘s Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store. --- parallel

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Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 00:03
Suryangshu wrote:
C out because of fewer.
E is incorrect because of their.
D is incorrect, the word Chain's is missing here.
In A 'in Santa Monica' is an essential modifier. why is it wrong ?

The problem with option A is Placement of WHICH. In this option WHICH is modifying SANTA MONICA, name of a place, rather than STORE.
Santa Monica opened this summer --- Does this sentence makes logical sense?? I guess your answer would be NO.
STORE opened this summer --- Does this sentence makes logical sense?? I guess your answer would be YES.
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Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 00:12
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Surya

If I understood you correctly, you meant that since 'Santa Monica' is an essential modifier that modifies logically the store, we should rather consider the store as the logical referent of ", which."
I must agree with you. But the problem in A has more to do with parallelism, I suppose.
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Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2017, 13:04
daagh wrote:
A. Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store. ----- not parallel

B. Bloomingdale‘s Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store. --- parallel

Hello,

Can you pls explain why option E is incorrect. Why cant we use "their" here. If we try to replace all the preceding nouns only bloomingdale will correctly fit on the spot of "their", So I thought option E is correct.
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Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2017, 01:38
pradeepmaria, the pronoun "their" must always refer to a plural noun. "Bloomingdale's" is singular, so we need to use it/its.
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Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2018, 07:03
Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.

A. store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.
B. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the chain‘s Manhattan flagship store.
C. store in Santa Monica, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, fewer than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store.
D. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of the Manhattan flagship store.
E. Santa Monica store, which opened this summer, is about 105,000 square feet on two floors, less than one-eighth the size of their Manhattan flagship store.

"which" always modifies the noun before the comma. So in this case Santa Monica didn't open in this summer, it was the store. So, eliminate A and C.
In choice D items are not parallal to each other.
Choice E has pronoun error. "Its" (store) should be used instead of "their".
B is the correct answer. Please see the explanation below.

This concept is clearly explained in the manhattanSC book.

It is often smoother—and much more GMAT-like—to use a generic synonym for the antecedent than to repeat the noun exactly. Such a synonym stands in for the antecedent and functions just like a pronoun, but with none of the drawbacks. The synonym is often more general than the antecedent, which refers to an example of the generic synonym.
Ex: New "nano-papers" incorporate fibers that give THESE MATERIALS strength.
The generic synonym materials refers to new “nano-paperswhich are types of materials.

Ex: After the land-use agreement surfaced, the commission decided to subject any SUCH CONTRACTS to debate in the future.
Likewise, contracts refers to the land-use agreement, which is an example of a contract.

Hope this helps.

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Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 May 2019, 19:14
generis GMATNinja

Most of the people have eliminated A based on 'which' incorrectly modifying the Santa Monica.

My question is that the Santa Monica is placed as a preposition phrase "Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Monica" and I think which is correctly modifying "Bloomingdale‘s store" .

Option A is wrong not because of modifier issue but because of faulty parallelism.

AjiteshArun egmat Need your inputs as well.
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Originally posted by warrior1991 on 30 Apr 2019, 19:28.
Last edited by warrior1991 on 02 May 2019, 19:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2019, 23:28
warrior1991 wrote:
generis GMATNinja

Most of the people have eliminated A based on 'which' incorrectly modifying the Santa Monica.

My question is that the Santa Monica is placed as a preposition phrase "Bloomingdale‘s store in Santa Monica" and I think which is correctly modifying "Bloomingdale‘s store" .

Option A is wrong not because of modifier issue but because of faulty parallelism.

warrior1991 , regarding your statement that I highlighted -- you are correct.

People above who insist that "which" can modify only the immediately preceding noun are mistaken.

"Which" can "reach back" over the prepositional modifier in Santa Monica. That latter modifier can't go anywhere else. Meaning is clear.

I don't know whether Manhattan changed its SC book, but the the current edition quoted below* supports your correct position.

Hope that helps.

*I quote verbatim:
The placement of modifiers is really a function of meaning. . . (My emphasis.)

The majority of the time, a noun and its modifier will be placed right next to each other, with no other words intervening.

In certain circumstances, a noun and its modifier may be separated by another modifier. For example:

The box of nails, which is nearly full, belongs to Jean.

The noun has two modifiers, of nails and which is nearly full. They can't both be placed right after the noun; one has to come first.

An essential modifier trumps a nonessential modifier. Of nails is an essential modifier (which box? The box of nails), so it is placed immediately after box.. The "comma which" modifier is a nonessential modifier, so it can come second. In this case, the which modifier refers to the closest preceding main noun, box.

Manhattan Prep GMAT Sentence Correction, 6th edition (2014) pp. 59-60

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Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this  [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2019, 23:47
anukrati: would you please tell me, how "fewer vs less" can be defined? we know that fewer is used in countable plural and less is used in uncountable. in this context, I could not decipher where countable and uncountable are.
pls, help me.
Re: Bloomingdale s store in Santa Monica, which opened this   [#permalink] 30 Apr 2019, 23:47
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