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# By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will

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Manager
Joined: 16 Feb 2012
Posts: 200
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 01:09
1
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (01:03) correct 44% (01:13) wrong based on 597 sessions

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By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will increase their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging from obscure textbooks to mass-market paperbacks.

A. their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging
B. from 6 percent to 10 percent its share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges
C. to 10 percent from 6 percent in their share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, a market ranging
D. in its share, from 6 percent to 10 percent, of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges
E. to 10 percent from 6 percent its share of the country’s \$21 billion book market, which ranges

I chose B since it uses FORM X TO Y construction, thus, making the sentence clear and understandable...

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Intern
Joined: 19 Dec 2011
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 02:32
1
By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will increase their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging from obscure textbooks to mass-market paperbacks.

A. their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging
B. from 6 percent to 10 percent its share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges
C. to 10 percent from 6 percent in their share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, a market ranging
D. in its share, from 6 percent to 10 percent, of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges
E. to 10 percent from 6 percent its share of the country’s \$21 billion book market, which ranges

Choices A and C are OUT because the plural 'their' cannot refer to the singular noun 'company'. We are now left with choibes B, D, and E.
DO THE VERTICAL COMPARISON OF THESE CHOICES AND DETERMINE HOW DO THEY DIFFER FROM ONE ANOTHER.
The difference as you can see lies in the modification by the wh-word 'WHICH'.

Before I embark upon my explanation let's understand the fine nuances of modification by a wh-word.
For example,
[1] The committee chose Mr. Smith of Left Block, who was the most experienced member, to lead all the management-related operations.

Many of you will right away discard this sentence as “incorrect” because “who” is not preceded by “Mr. Smith”, the noun it should logically refer to. Well, this sentence is absolutely correct. There is no modification error here. Here “who” correctly modifies “Mr. Smith”.

This is so because the newly added prepositional phrase “of Left Block” is a modifier that modifies “Mr. Smith”. So it is placed next to that entity. This prepositional cannot be placed elsewhere in the sentence without violating the structure and the meaning of the sentence. So now instead of just “Mr. Smith” in sentence 1, we have a “noun phrase” in sentence 2 – “Mr. Smith of Left Block”. In this scenario, “who” has the liberty to jump over the preceding preposition phrase (modifier) to modify the HEAD of this noun phrase – “Mr. Smith”

and
[2] The committee chose Mr. Smith in the last meeting, who was the most experienced member, to lead all the management-related operations.

However, the sentence [2] is not correct. Here “who” ends up modifying immediately preceding noun “the last meeting”, resulting in modifier error.
This is so because “in the last meeting” does not modify “Mr. Smith” because it is an adverbial modifier and hence cannot modify a Noun. It rather modifies the action “chose”. When did the committee choose? It did in the last meeting. This prepositional phrase can actually be placed right in the beginning of the sentence, after “The committee”, or before “Mr. Smith” to convey the intended meaning. Hence, here “who” cannot jump over the preceding noun. Notice how per the context of this sentence, the expression “Mr. Smith in the last meeting” is not a noun phrase. Contrast this with the noun phrase in the original sentence “Mr. Smith of Left Block”.

Now, with this understanding let's start our 2nd round of elimination.

Choice B is wrong because the WHICH can't refer to 'country' or for that matter the word 'share'. None of them can logically range from obscure textbooks to ...paperbacks.
So, what logically ranges from obscure textbooks to mass-market paperbacks? Certainly the BOOK MARKET. Right?
In choice D the company will increase what? Its not clear because here all you have is a bunch of modifiers. In D 'share' is part of the prepositional phrase 'in its share' - a modifier. So, WHICH doers not have a clear antecedent to refer to. Hence eliminate D.
We are left with E, wherein WHICH rightly modifies the book market. Also, if you are worried about "to X from Y" read the following examples:
The price fell FROM 10 Dollars TO 3 Dollars.
The price fell TO 3 Dollars FROM 10 Dollars.
Both are correct!

Manager
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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16 May 2015, 00:49
1
Yes B and E are close but i read somewhere when there is something like country's market or market of the country we should prefer the latter coz we preferably use 's to living beings but not to countries. on this account i eliminated E and chose B
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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16 May 2015, 04:10
Certainly the choices are down to B & E.
As per @e-GMAT & Manhattan, options B & E can't be rejected on the basis of 'which'. They both convey the same thing.
I chose E since it is more concise:
'country’s \$21 billion book market' v/s '\$21 billion book market in the country'.
But that doesn't seem to be officially correct

by-merging-its-two-publishing-division-the-company-will-20037.html?fl=similar
It says E
Manager
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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17 May 2015, 07:49
tingting85114 wrote:
According to the Manhattan GMAT SC, it says there are three exceptions to the touch rule for the modifiers:
1.a mission critical modifier falls between.
2 a very short predicate falls between, shifting a very long modifier back.
3,a short non-essential phrase intervenes and is set off by commas.

There is an example for the rule 2: A new CEO has been hired who will transform the company by decentralizing authority to various division heads while increasing their accountability through the use of public scorecards.

So on this example, the modifier isn't followed the noun" CEO".

I am just wondering can rule 2 apply to this case?

There is no exception to the WHICH RULE
Manager
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 17:01
1
Request you not to write your queries/answers/opinions in question window. It prevents ppl from analysing the question. The whole purpose of GMAT Club forum goes wasted by doing so.

You have response windows to do all such things.
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2015, 23:13
There is a type of noun called collective noun. In most cases, this type of noun uses a singular pronoun. "Company" is one such example. So, the correct pronoun for company is "It"

This eliminates all the options that use 'their' to represent 'company'. Eliminate A and B.

A. their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging

C. to 10 percent from 6 percent in their share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, a market ranging

B v/s C v/s D

The company wants to increase its share or experience an increase in its share. Merely increasing in its share won't help. Hence, D is eliminated.

D. in its share, from 6 percent to 10 percent, of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges

Idiomatic expression From x to y is preferred to to x from y. This eliminates E.
E. to 10 percent from 6 percent its share of the country’s \$21 billion book market, which ranges

Hence E
B. from 6 percent to 10 percent its share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges

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Intern
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2015, 23:58
there are few exceptions for the touch rule. Which always need not to modify the only noun before it. which always modifies the nearest eligible noun and at the same time which cant modify a clause or an action. here in this question "\$21 billion book market in the country, which" the relative pronoun which modifies the book market not the country. Here the noun country is in prepositional modifier and u cant place the phrase in the country no where else in the sentence. Hence we can safely conclude that relative modifier Which modifies the nearest eligible noun. Same rules are applicable for the relative modifier - Who.
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 19:42
tingting85114 wrote:
By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will increase their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging from obscure textbooks to mass-market paperbacks.

A. their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging
B. from 6 percent to 10 percent its share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges
C. to 10 percent from 6 percent in their share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, a market ranging
D. in its share, from 6 percent to 10 percent, of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges
E. to 10 percent from 6 percent its share of the country’s \$21 billion book market, which ranges

I didn't choose B because the relative modifier "which" that follows "country" not "the market". So does this belong to one of the exceptions to the touch rule?

I don't like such questions with dubious sources...
Just my 2 cents on the question.
A - pronoun their - doesn't have an antecedent.
B - which - refers to the country. note that we do not have a complex noun here. the country clearly stands out as an independent noun.
C - their - same mistake as in A.
D - same error as in B.
E - looks fine.
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2016, 09:32
Quote:
I don't like such questions with dubious sources...
Just my 2 cents on the question.
A - pronoun their - doesn't have an antecedent.
B - which - refers to the country. note that we do not have a complex noun here. the country clearly stands out as an independent noun.
C - their - same mistake as in A.
D - same error as in B.
E - looks fine.

this analysis is not correct
E has a faulty construction "to 10 percent from 6 percent" ------> you cannot leave a construction "TO 10 %" as is done in E --->you need to put something after 10 % as to explain as "10 % of something" . This FAULT has been corrected by option B by using the construction "FROM 6 percent"

ALSO which in B can VERY WELL refer to "\$21 billion book market" ----> go by the sensical meaning ----> a country CAN NEVER range from obscure textbooks to mass-market paperbacks !!
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2016, 19:59
Option B has a faulty modifier reference as discussed in the the thread above. Moreover the FROM...TO... constructions in options B and E are equivalent. The OA has been changed to E.
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2017, 10:09
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2017, 04:43
1
in option A and C, “their” (plural) does not agree with “company” (singular). Eliminate A and C.

in D, “the company will increase IN its share” implies that the COMPANY will increase. The intended meaning is that the SHARE will increase. Eliminate D.
in B, since the verb attributed to “which” is singular, the implied antecedent is the nearest preceding singular noun “(country)”. Since E places “which” next to its intended antecedent “(market)” , E is the clear winner. Eliminate B.
On the GMAT, when which does not refer to the nearest preceding noun, the verb generally will make the situation clear:
Many tourists gasp when they see the BUILDINGS of New York, which ARE among the world's tallest.
The plural verb are makes it clear that which refers to the plural antecedent buildings.
idioms:
The price fell FROM 10 euros TO 3 euros.
The price fell TO 3 euros FROM 10 euros.
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 11:10
wacky1984 wrote:
By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will increase their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging from obscure textbooks to mass-market paperbacks.

A. their share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging
B. from 6 percent to 10 percent its share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges
C. to 10 percent from 6 percent in their share of the \$21 billion book market in the country, a market ranging
D. in its share, from 6 percent to 10 percent, of the \$21 billion book market in the country, which ranges
E. to 10 percent from 6 percent its share of the country’s \$21 billion book market, which ranges

B or E Can sb explain it, thx

Meaning, meaning, meaning.

“Their” can only refer to “its two publishing divisions”. As it is stated, it makes sense, and there is no reason to believe that there is another meaning.
By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will increase their (its two publishing divisions) share of the country’s \$21 billion book market from 6 percent to 10 percent, a market ranging…
“Its share” refers to the company. While this meaning also makes sense, it is not what is stated in the original sentence. We do not have any reason to change the original sentence.
The use of the absolute phrase “a marked ranging from… “ eliminates any possible ambiguity in the modifier.
I believe that choice A clearly conveys the correct meaning and is grammatically correct.
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Re: By merging its two publishing divisions, the company will   [#permalink] 05 Sep 2017, 11:10
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