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By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the

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By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2013, 12:19
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67% (01:33) correct 33% (02:23) wrong based on 410 sessions

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By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered
(E) Maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only
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Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2013, 13:15
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styles5 wrote:
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered
(E) Maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only


First of all, I love how absolutely awkward this sentence is, even in the correct sentence. You are left with a bad taste in your mouth with the phrase "as the German", but it's a non-underlined section that you just have to live with, much like having to accept the awkward phrase "as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet".

This really is a parallelism question. The major parallelism issue is with the 3 item list X, Y and Z. You are looking for a format that brings each element forward in a similar manner correctly in that format. A & B break parallelism by unnecessarily adding an "and" before the 2nd element in the list - X, and Y, and Z.

B & D might look very parallel because they include "by" before each element in the list, but it's actually not parallel because you would need an adverb (like steadfastly) before the "-ing verbs" (example: By steadfastly facing, by unwaveringly maintaining, and by courageously lifting).

That leaves us with C & E, and you can see the only difference is the placement of "not only". Not only X, but also Y is another structure that needs parallelism. In C you have "not only steered ... but also changed", which is nicely parallel. In E you have "not only Britain...but also changed", which is not parallel at all.

Correct answer is C. Sweet question.

KW
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Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2014, 05:58
KyleWiddison wrote:
styles5 wrote:
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered
(E) Maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only


First of all, I love how absolutely awkward this sentence is, even in the correct sentence. You are left with a bad taste in your mouth with the phrase "as the German", but it's a non-underlined section that you just have to live with, much like having to accept the awkward phrase "as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet".

This really is a parallelism question. The major parallelism issue is with the 3 item list X, Y and Z. You are looking for a format that brings each element forward in a similar manner correctly in that format. A & B break parallelism by unnecessarily adding an "and" before the 2nd element in the list - X, and Y, and Z.

B & D might look very parallel because they include "by" before each element in the list, but it's actually not parallel because you would need an adverb (like steadfastly) before the "-ing verbs" (example: By steadfastly facing, by unwaveringly maintaining, and by courageously lifting).

That leaves us with C & E, and you can see the only difference is the placement of "not only". Not only X, but also Y is another structure that needs parallelism. In C you have "not only steered ... but also changed", which is nicely parallel. In E you have "not only Britain...but also changed", which is not parallel at all.

Correct answer is C. Sweet question.

KW


what might be the level of this question according to you??
i think its probably a 680 level.
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Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2014, 12:31
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Yeah, this is probably a high 600 level question.

KW

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By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 03:31
The main subject in this sentence, Churchill
1. steered Britain from definite doom
2. changed the course of History
Uses not only X but also Y which is the right idiomatic expression.

How did he do this?
1. By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German
2. By cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war
3. By lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches.

Option C corrects the grammatical error in the original sentence.
Whenever presenting a list, we use X,Y and Z, whereas
the original sentence uses X, and Y, and Z, which is incorrect construction.

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Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2017, 04:16
Imo C
And is used to list items x,y,and Z
not only X but also should be parallel .
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Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 01:03
styles5 wrote:
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered
(E) Maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only


This question is basically testing the concept of parallelism. The original structure is of the form ...., and...., and which is not correct.
So, Reject A and B

We don't require "by" 3 times in the sentence, so reject D

Now in the option C & E, the only difference is (a)Churchill not only steered .... / (b) Churchill steered not only..
(a) means Churchill Steered Britain and Churchill changed the history , (b) means Churchill steered Britain and Churchill steered changed the history..
SO, you can easily identify that (a) is correct out of (a) and (b)

Hence C is correct answer
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Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2017, 01:03
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