GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Aug 2019, 15:43

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Dec 2013
Posts: 1
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2013, 12:19
2
6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:48) correct 28% (01:53) wrong based on 552 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered

(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered

(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered

(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered

(E) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 789
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Dec 2013, 13:15
5
3
styles5 wrote:
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered
(E) Maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only


First of all, I love how absolutely awkward this sentence is, even in the correct sentence. You are left with a bad taste in your mouth with the phrase "as the German", but it's a non-underlined section that you just have to live with, much like having to accept the awkward phrase "as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet".

This really is a parallelism question. The major parallelism issue is with the 3 item list X, Y and Z. You are looking for a format that brings each element forward in a similar manner correctly in that format. A & B break parallelism by unnecessarily adding an "and" before the 2nd element in the list - X, and Y, and Z.

B & D might look very parallel because they include "by" before each element in the list, but it's actually not parallel because you would need an adverb (like steadfastly) before the "-ing verbs" (example: By steadfastly facing, by unwaveringly maintaining, and by courageously lifting).

That leaves us with C & E, and you can see the only difference is the placement of "not only". Not only X, but also Y is another structure that needs parallelism. In C you have "not only steered ... but also changed", which is nicely parallel. In E you have "not only Britain...but also changed", which is not parallel at all.

Correct answer is C. Sweet question.

KW
_________________
General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 06 Aug 2013
Posts: 67
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Dec 2014, 05:58
KyleWiddison wrote:
styles5 wrote:
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered
(E) Maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only


First of all, I love how absolutely awkward this sentence is, even in the correct sentence. You are left with a bad taste in your mouth with the phrase "as the German", but it's a non-underlined section that you just have to live with, much like having to accept the awkward phrase "as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet".

This really is a parallelism question. The major parallelism issue is with the 3 item list X, Y and Z. You are looking for a format that brings each element forward in a similar manner correctly in that format. A & B break parallelism by unnecessarily adding an "and" before the 2nd element in the list - X, and Y, and Z.

B & D might look very parallel because they include "by" before each element in the list, but it's actually not parallel because you would need an adverb (like steadfastly) before the "-ing verbs" (example: By steadfastly facing, by unwaveringly maintaining, and by courageously lifting).

That leaves us with C & E, and you can see the only difference is the placement of "not only". Not only X, but also Y is another structure that needs parallelism. In C you have "not only steered ... but also changed", which is nicely parallel. In E you have "not only Britain...but also changed", which is not parallel at all.

Correct answer is C. Sweet question.

KW


what might be the level of this question according to you??
i think its probably a 680 level.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 789
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Dec 2014, 12:31
1
Yeah, this is probably a high 600 level question.

KW

Posted from my mobile device
_________________
Senior PS Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 26 Feb 2016
Posts: 3355
Location: India
GPA: 3.12
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jun 2017, 03:31
The main subject in this sentence, Churchill
1. steered Britain from definite doom
2. changed the course of History
Uses not only X but also Y which is the right idiomatic expression.

How did he do this?
1. By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German
2. By cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war
3. By lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches.

Option C corrects the grammatical error in the original sentence.
Whenever presenting a list, we use X,Y and Z, whereas
the original sentence uses X, and Y, and Z, which is incorrect construction.

_________________
You've got what it takes, but it will take everything you've got
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1024
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Reviews Badge
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jun 2017, 04:16
Imo C
And is used to list items x,y,and Z
not only X but also should be parallel .
_________________
Please give kudos if you find my answers useful
Director
Director
User avatar
D
Affiliations: IIT Dhanbad
Joined: 13 Mar 2017
Posts: 731
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2017, 01:03
styles5 wrote:
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered
(E) Maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only


This question is basically testing the concept of parallelism. The original structure is of the form ...., and...., and which is not correct.
So, Reject A and B

We don't require "by" 3 times in the sentence, so reject D

Now in the option C & E, the only difference is (a)Churchill not only steered .... / (b) Churchill steered not only..
(a) means Churchill Steered Britain and Churchill changed the history , (b) means Churchill steered Britain and Churchill steered changed the history..
SO, you can easily identify that (a) is correct out of (a) and (b)

Hence C is correct answer
_________________
CAT 2017 (98.95) & 2018 (98.91) : 99th percentiler
UPSC Aspirants : Get my app UPSC Important News Reader from Play store.

MBA Social Network : WebMaggu


Appreciate by Clicking +1 Kudos ( Lets be more generous friends.)



What I believe is : "Nothing is Impossible, Even Impossible says I'm Possible" : "Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish".
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2388
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jun 2019, 21:34
KyleWiddison wrote:
styles5 wrote:
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

(A) and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered
(E) Maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only


First of all, I love how absolutely awkward this sentence is, even in the correct sentence. You are left with a bad taste in your mouth with the phrase "as the German", but it's a non-underlined section that you just have to live with, much like having to accept the awkward phrase "as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet".

This really is a parallelism question. The major parallelism issue is with the 3 item list X, Y and Z. You are looking for a format that brings each element forward in a similar manner correctly in that format. A & B break parallelism by unnecessarily adding an "and" before the 2nd element in the list - X, and Y, and Z.

B & D might look very parallel because they include "by" before each element in the list, but it's actually not parallel because you would need an adverb (like steadfastly) before the "-ing verbs" (example: By steadfastly facing, by unwaveringly maintaining, and by courageously lifting).

That leaves us with C & E, and you can see the only difference is the placement of "not only". Not only X, but also Y is another structure that needs parallelism. In C you have "not only steered ... but also changed", which is nicely parallel. In E you have "not only Britain...but also changed", which is not parallel at all.

Correct answer is C. Sweet question.

KW


Though I got this question correct, I have a query. In the above post by KyleWiddison, he has mentioned that -
"B & D might look very parallel because they include "by" before each element in the list, but it's actually not parallel because you would need an adverb (like steadfastly) before the "-ing verbs" (example: By steadfastly facing, by unwaveringly maintaining, and by courageously lifting)."

1. I agree that in option B, the use of and before the second element(by maintaining...) is incorrect and in option D, there is parallelism issue in Not only X, but also Y. But, do we need an adverb before the ing-verbs in the parallel elements?
Because if this logic(bolded) were to be true, then shouldn't option C too be incorrect?

2. Which of the following will be preferred?

(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered
(D-new) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered


AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyTargetTestPrep , DmitryFarber , VeritasKarishma , generis , jennpt , other expert - please enligthen
_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
CEO
CEO
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 2963
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jun 2019, 22:28
Skywalker18 wrote:
1. I agree that in option B, the use of and before the second element(by maintaining...) is incorrect and in option D, there is parallelism issue in Not only X, but also Y. But, do we need an adverb before the ing-verbs in the parallel elements?
I don't think that we need an adverb there. There is some (a lot of) creativity that can go into parallelism, and we don't have to approach the issue as if it were a checklist.

This is how I read option C:

By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History.

That is, the three items are: (a) by steadfastly facing, (b) by maintaining, and (c) by raising.

I don't think that the sentence is intended to be read as:

By steadfastly facing, steadfastly maintaining, and steadfastly lifting...

The reasons you mentioned are the ones I'd go with to remove options B and D.
_________________
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 14 Feb 2017
Posts: 924
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: LBS '22
GMAT 1: 560 Q41 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q43 V23
GMAT 3: 650 Q47 V33
GMAT 4: 650 Q44 V36
WE: Management Consulting (Consulting)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jul 2019, 01:03
By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the German, and maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered Britain from definite doom but also changed the course of History

First and foremost, I looked for the obvious mistake vertically.
(D) by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet through the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, not only Churchill steered

Should be "not only did Churchill steer" to attach to the previous things Churchill did.

A is incorrect because the structure is really just exhaustive. "By FACING UP, AND X, AND Y, CHURCHILL Z" It should be "By FACING UP, X, and Y, Churchill" to logically communicate that three things were accomplished in relation to the action - CHURCHILL did X, Y and Z, to steer Britain from Doom, but he didn't do "X, AND y, AND z". the "AND" treats Y and Z almost as separate lists or non-related items.

(B) and by maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and by lifting the morale of a war-worn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered

B is incorrect for similar reasons.

(C) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill not only steered

(E) maintaining cordial relations with as differing regimes as the US and the Soviet throughout the course of the war, and lifting the morale of a war-torn country through his inspirational speeches, Churchill steered not only

The only difference between C and E is the Churchill...

E is incorrect because the "steered" logically applies to "changed the course of history" and this doesn't make sense.

We should say that With X,Y, and Z, Churchill did two things: Steered and Changed.
_________________
Goal: Q49, V41

+1 Kudos if you like my post pls!
GMAT Club Bot
Re: By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2019, 01:03
Display posts from previous: Sort by

By steadfastly facing up to an army as indomitable as the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne