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Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture

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Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 26 Aug 2018, 23:56
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Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture in North America, had massive buildings.It must have been a major Anasazi center. Analysis of wood samples shows that some of the timber for the buildings came from Chuska and San Mateo Mountains, 50 miles from Chaco Canyon. Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the argument's main conclusion.

(B) The first is the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support that conclusion.

(C) The first is one of the two premises used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the other of those two premises.

(D) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support another conclusion drawn in the argument.

(E) The first is inferred from another statement in the argument; the second is inferred from the first.


ID - CR08471

Originally posted by ganand on 28 May 2017, 03:13.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Aug 2018, 23:56, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 10:43
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rohitkabra1987 wrote:
Can anybody please explain why option A is incorrect . Thank you !


Hi rohitkabra1987 ,
We can find the therefore test to find out which is the conclusion.
1 - CC must have been a major Anasazi center
2 - Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away
Consider 2 scenarios -
- Is statement 2 because of statement 1 ? -- No
- Is statement 1 because of statement 2 ? -- Yes --> Thus 1 is conclusion

Hope this helps!!
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2017, 06:29
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Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture in North America, had massive buildings.It must have been a major Anasazi center.
Analysis of wood samples shows that some of the timber for the buildings came from Chuska and San Mateo Mountains, 50 miles from Chaco Canyon.
Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away.

1st BF - Main conclusion
2nd BF- premise that supports 1st BF
Type - Boldface

(A) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the argument's main conclusion. - Incorrect -1st BF itself is the main conclusion

(B) The first is the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support that conclusion. - Correct

(C) The first is one of the two premises used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the other of those two premises.- Incorrect - 1st BF itself is the main conclusion

(D) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support another conclusion drawn in the argument. - Incorrect - 1st BF itself is the main conclusion

(E) The first is inferred from another statement in the argument; the second is inferred from the first. - Description of first is okay but second BF is not inferred from 1st BF

Answer B
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 10:09
Can anybody please explain why option A is incorrect . Thank you !
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 18:18
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b for me

ask why to 1st BF- you get a reason- its a conclusion
ask why to 2nd BF- you do not get a reason- its not a conclusion

only b says this thing
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 20:44
Imo B
The first is the author's conclusion .The second statement substantiate the conclusion.
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 10:35
guptalavi24 wrote:
b for me

ask why to 1st BF- you get a reason- its a conclusion
ask why to 2nd BF- you do not get a reason- its not a conclusion

only b says this thing


Hi, is this a sound theory? Sorry have not seen this approach before.
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2018, 05:43
Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture in North America, had massive buildings.It must have been a major Anasazi center. Analysis of wood samples shows that some of the timber for the buildings came from Chuska and San Mateo Mountains, 50 miles from Chaco Canyon. Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away.

Conclusion: It must have been a major Anasazi center.
Rest of the sentences provide reason for this conclusion that why it was a major Anasazi center. Because
1. Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture in North America, had massive buildings
2. Analysis of wood samples shows that some of the timber for the buildings came from Chuska and San Mateo Mountains, 50 miles from Chaco Canyon.
3. Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away.

A,C,D and E are out becuase BF1 is nither a premise nor an inferred from another statement.

B is correct.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the argument's main conclusion.

(B) The first is the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support that conclusion.

(C) The first is one of the two premises used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the other of those two premises.

(D) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support another conclusion drawn in the argument.

(E) The first is inferred from another statement in the argument; the second is inferred from the first.
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2018, 23:01
ganand wrote:
Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture in North America, had massive buildings.It must have been a major Anasazi center. Analysis of wood samples shows that some of the timber for the buildings came from Chuska and San Mateo Mountains, 50 miles from Chaco Canyon. Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away.


In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

BF 1 - Main conclusion

BF 2 - Supports BF 1



(A) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the argument's main conclusion.

BF 1 is not a premise.


(B) The first is the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support that conclusion.


Correct


(C) The first is one of the two premises used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the other of those two premises.

BF 1 is not a premise


(D) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support another conclusion drawn in the argument.

BF 1 is not an inference

(E) The first is inferred from another statement in the argument; the second is inferred from the first.

BF 1 and BF2 both are not an inference.
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 17:30
Conclusion:-
It must have been a major Anasazi center
Premise:-
Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away.

So the first must say a conclusion and 2nd must say the premise
Analyze and eliminate wrong answer choices.
Answer choice B is the correct answer.
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Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 04:12
Quote:
Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture in North America, had massive buildings.It must have been a major Anasazi center. Analysis of wood samples shows that some of the timber for the buildings came from Chuska and San Mateo Mountains, 50 miles from Chaco Canyon. Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away.


Quote:
Main Conclusion: It must have been a major Anasazi center. (First Bold Face)
Why?
Because: Analysis of wood samples shows that some of the timber for the buildings came from Chuska and San Mateo Mountains, 50 miles from Chaco Canyon. Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away.
Second Bold face: Only a major cultural center would have the organizational power to import timber from 50 miles away. This supports the first, the main conclusion of the argument.


In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the argument's main conclusion.

(B) The first is the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support that conclusion. Correct

(C) The first is one of the two premises used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is the other of those two premises.

(D) The first is premise used to support the argument's main conclusion; the second is a premise used to support another conclusion drawn in the argument.

(E) The first is inferred from another statement in the argument; the second is inferred from the first.
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2019, 03:50
Hi, Skywalker18
Since a premise is a fact and not a claim, how is the second part of B correct (since it is a claim)?
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2019, 23:25
I also got B, but out of process of elimination.
I was hung up on the second part of the answer.
I know BF2 is a claim.

By definition, a claim is a conclusion or opinion.
And a premise is a fact/evidence.

How can BF2 be both a claim and a premise?
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Re: Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2019, 23:00
hohaddict wrote:
I also got B, but out of process of elimination.
I was hung up on the second part of the answer.
I know BF2 is a claim.

By definition, a claim is a conclusion or opinion.
And a premise is a fact/evidence.

How can BF2 be both a claim and a premise?


Hi hohaddict

I will try to answer your question.

Yes, the 2nd BF is a claim and can, therefore, be termed as a conclusion. However, here it is an IC (intermediate conclusion) as it helps us to reach/ leads us to the main conclusion, which is BF1.

If any sentence/s or part of the argument, even if a claim/ opinion, leads us to the main conclusion then that sentence/s is a premise.

Hope the above helped.

Thanks
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Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2020, 10:08
iamvarunag wrote:
Hi, Skywalker18
Since a premise is a fact and not a claim, how is the second part of B correct (since it is a claim)?


iamvarunag

The second Boldface becomes a premise for the first Boldface. Note that its a causal relationship here between BF2 ---> BF1 in that direction. BF1 is the main conclusion, BF2 intermediate conclusion that supports BF1.

I am assuming that you understood the argument fully. Premise is not necessarily a fact.

Hope this is helpful...!!
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Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2020, 10:08

Chaco Canyon, a settlement of the ancient Anasazi culture

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