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# Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa

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Math Expert
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Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 06:41
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Question Stats:

85% (00:48) correct 15% (01:02) wrong based on 155 sessions

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Competition Mode Question

Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

A. building a capability to respond

B. building a capability that respond

C. building a capability that for responding

D. and build a capability for responding

E. and build a capability to respond

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 07:57
1
This question is clearly testing parallelism. if you notice- a panel of advisors......to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

Usage of 'building' here is a gerund and incorrect and must be replaced by build. After skimming through options, cancel out option A,B & C immediately.

A) building a capability to respond
B) building a capability that respond
C) building a capability that for responding
D) and build a capability for responding -> usage of 'capability for' is incorrect idiom
E) and build a capability to respond-----and usage of 'capability to' is also correct here---ANSWER!
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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 08:00
2
Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

A. building a capability to respond (intended parallel list is disturbed)

B. building a capability that respond (intended parallel list is disturbed)

C. building a capability that for responding (intended parallel list is disturbed)

D. and build a capability for responding (capability for is an incorrect idiom)

E. and build a capability to respond (Correct parallel list and idiom)
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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 08:35
Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

A. building a capability to respond

B. building a capability that respond

C. building a capability that for responding

D. and build a capability for responding

E. and build a capability to respond

IMO E ; llism based question ..
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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 09:06
IMO-E

Check: Parallelism

Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

A. building a capability to respond : Incorrect - Not parallel

B. building a capability that respond : Incorrect - Not parallel

C. building a capability that for responding : Incorrect - Not parallel

D. and build a capability for responding : Incorrect - Sense of purpose missing by use of "Capability for "

E. and build a capability to respond : Correct- - Parallel & "Capability to" correctly used to show purpose.
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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 09:37
Quote:
Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

A. building a capability to respond
B. building a capability that respond
C. building a capability that for responding
D. build a capability for responding
E. build a capability to respond

meaning: panel has urged the nation {list} to implement…, [to] conduct…, and [to] build…"
rule: a list must be parallel
intent: "capability to" because the panel is advising the nation to build something with an intent (for a reason)

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 10:25
Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

Sentence consists of a list which includes implement something, conduct research and build responding capability where verbs implement, conduct and build must be in base form with ‘to’ in the non underlined part.

A. building a capability to respond – WRONG. ‘Building’ is not parallel to other verbs in the list.

B. building a capability that respond – WRONG. Same as ‘A’ above.

C. building a capability that for responding – WRONG. Same problem as ‘A’ plus ‘for responding’ is also wrong.

D. and build a capability for responding – WRONG. ‘For responding’ is wrong.

E. and build a capability to respond – CORRECT. ‘Build’ in base form is parallel to other verbs.

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 10:26
Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

Sentence consists of a list which includes implement something, conduct research and build responding capability where verbs implement, conduct and build must be in base form with ‘to’ in the non underlined part.

A. building a capability to respond – WRONG. ‘Building’ is not parallel to other verbs in the list.

B. building a capability that respond – WRONG. Same as ‘A’ above.

C. building a capability that for responding – WRONG. Same problem as ‘A’ plus ‘for responding’ is also wrong.

D. and build a capability for responding – WRONG. ‘For responding’ is wrong.

E. and build a capability to respond – CORRECT. ‘Build’ in base form is parallel to other verbs.

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 13:03
For sake of parallelism we need choice D, E.

Further coming down between them, capability for is incorrect idiom :
Correct Option is E
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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 21:28
The answer is e, first three options can be eliminated easily because building capability doesn't make any sense, in d responding should not be used,so the answer is e

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 22:39
Imo a,b,c out not parallel
E is right answer showing purpose.

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2019, 22:46
Considering "and" to be a part of the underlined section in the SC.

Going via options:

A) building a capability to respond
Not in parallel to "implement....", "conduct....".

B. building a capability that respond
Not in parallel to "implement....", "conduct....".

C. building a capability that for responding
Not in parallel to "implement....", "conduct....".

D. and build a capability for responding
"capability for" is unidiomatic.

E) and build a capability to respond
Has everything correct.

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2019, 00:39
E
The parallelism is maintained.
As for To vs For, the usage of to respond shows the reason to make that warning system.

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2019, 01:56

Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

A. building a capability to respond

B. building a capability that respond

C. building a capability that for responding

D. and build a capability for responding

E. and build a capability to respond
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Posts: 58335
Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2019, 08:41
Bunuel wrote:

Competition Mode Question

Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a panel of advisors has urged the nation to implement an early warning system, conduct further research of threats, and building a capability to respond to these disruptions.

A. building a capability to respond

B. building a capability that respond

C. building a capability that for responding

D. and build a capability for responding

E. and build a capability to respond

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

Creating a filter: The basic structure of the sentence is that this "panel has urged the nation to A, B, and C," where A, B, and C are all verbs. In a compound predicate - a list of verbs joined by conjunctions such as "and" - the verbs must all take on parallel form. And they don't: "building" is not parallel with "implement" and "conduct."

Applying the filter: We look for "build" in the answer choices and narrow them down to (D) and (E).

Finding objective defects: Generally, the infinitive wins and the gerund loses, favoring (E). Furthermore, "capability for" is not a proper idiom.

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Re: Citing hard-to-predict sudden changes to the Earth's environment, a pa   [#permalink] 21 Aug 2019, 08:41
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