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# Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita

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Re: Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita [#permalink]

Question 3

Kai10 wrote:

3. It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following is the reason that the author faults the journalists referred to in highlight text?

(A) They believe that the real GDP per capita in 1997 was higher than the real GDP per capita had ever been before.

Before we take a look at why (A) is not the correct answer to this question, have a look at this post and this post for breakdowns of the passage that are relevant to this question.

Now take a look at (A) for question 3:
Quote:
(A) They believe that the real GDP per capita in 1997 was higher than the real GDP per capita had ever been before.

The author doesn't FAULT the journalists for saying this, he/she actually AGREES with them, as you can see by this bit of the passage:

...the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before; it falls only during recessions.

What the author does is disagree with the conclusions the journalists take from this fact -- this is what is in the rest of the passage.

Since the author does not criticize the journalists for stating that the real GDP per capita in 1997 was higher than the real GDP per capita had ever been before, (A) cannot be the correct answer.

Compare this to (E):
Quote:
(E) They fail to consider the real GDP per capita in 1997 within an appropriate historical context.

As explained in the posts linked above, the key thing to notice in this passage is just because the real GDP was higher in 1997 than ever before does NOT necessarily mean that the economy performed better than it ever has. The journalists are criticized because they didn't look at the entire picture (i.e. historical context). They looked at one piece of data and jumped to a conclusion -- this is why (E) is the correct answer.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita [#permalink]
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Confusing passage struggled with it. Any strategies?
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Re: Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita [#permalink]
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riyaagarwal wrote:
Confusing passage struggled with it. Any strategies?

https://gmatclub.com/forum/topic300886.html

https://gmatclub.com/forum/topic301219.html

https://gmatclub.com/forum/topic302904.html

Good Luck
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Re: Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita [#permalink]
GMATNinja wrote:
sunny91 wrote:
Can someone kindly explain the answer of the 4th question.

Quote:
4. The author of the passage asserts that "the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before" (see highlighted text) most probably in order to
A. show that a fact cited in support of a claim is inaccurate
B. show that a fact cited in support of a claim actually contradicts the claim
C. show that a fact cited in support of a claim does not prove the claim
D. explain why a fact cited in support of a claim is relevant to the claim
E. explain how the proponent of a claim selected a fact cited in support of the claim

Quote:
Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before, some journalists have argued that the United States economy performed ideally in 1997. However, the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before; it falls only during recessions.

Some journalists have argued that the US economy performed ideally in 1997. Those journalists base their argument on the fact that real GDP per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before. The author does not dispute this fact. The author does, however, dispute the conclusion drawn by the journalists based on that fact.

The author of the passage responds to the journalists' argument by stating that real GDP is almost ALWAYS higher than ever before. In other words, unless there is a recession, the real GDP continues to grow. This growth does not necessarily mean that the economy is getting better. Thus, just because real GDP per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before does NOT necessarily mean that the economy performed better than it ever has.

This fits with choice (C): "The author of the passage asserts that 'the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before' most probably in order to (C) show that a fact cited in support of a claim does not prove the claim."

The fact cited is that real GDP per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before, and the claim is that the US economy performed ideally in 1997.

I hope this helps!

Hi GMATNinja

I picked C for this question, but was tempted by Choice B as well during the test. My ultimate reason for choosing C over B was that the author's comment about the increase in Real GDP does not CONTRADICT the claims of the journalist. Rather it just explains how the impact is muted given that the Real GDP almost always increases. Am I on the right track with my thinking here? Thank you
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Re: Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita [#permalink]
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Question 4

UserMaple5 wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
sunny91 wrote:
Can someone kindly explain the answer of the 4th question.

Quote:
4. The author of the passage asserts that "the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before" (see highlighted text) most probably in order to
A. show that a fact cited in support of a claim is inaccurate
B. show that a fact cited in support of a claim actually contradicts the claim
C. show that a fact cited in support of a claim does not prove the claim
D. explain why a fact cited in support of a claim is relevant to the claim
E. explain how the proponent of a claim selected a fact cited in support of the claim

Quote:
Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before, some journalists have argued that the United States economy performed ideally in 1997. However, the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before; it falls only during recessions.

Some journalists have argued that the US economy performed ideally in 1997. Those journalists base their argument on the fact that real GDP per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before. The author does not dispute this fact. The author does, however, dispute the conclusion drawn by the journalists based on that fact.

The author of the passage responds to the journalists' argument by stating that real GDP is almost ALWAYS higher than ever before. In other words, unless there is a recession, the real GDP continues to grow. This growth does not necessarily mean that the economy is getting better. Thus, just because real GDP per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before does NOT necessarily mean that the economy performed better than it ever has.

This fits with choice (C): "The author of the passage asserts that 'the real GDP is almost always higher than ever before' most probably in order to (C) show that a fact cited in support of a claim does not prove the claim."

The fact cited is that real GDP per capita was higher in 1997 than ever before, and the claim is that the US economy performed ideally in 1997.

I hope this helps!

Hi GMATNinja

I picked C for this question, but was tempted by Choice B as well during the test. My ultimate reason for choosing C over B was that the author's comment about the increase in Real GDP does not CONTRADICT the claims of the journalist. Rather it just explains how the impact is muted given that the Real GDP almost always increases. Am I on the right track with my thinking here? Thank you

Yes, you're on the right track!

The journalists use the fact about the higher-than-ever GDP to conclude that the US economy "performed ideally" in 1997.

The author attacks this chain of logic, saying that the GDP is almost ALWAYS higher than ever. He/she's essentially saying, "So what? There's nothing special about 1997, because that fact is true in most other years as well."

It's entirely possible that, to say that the economy is "ideal," you DO need the GDP to be higher than ever -- the author just thinks that this one fact isn't a particularly high bar to meet. So, it wouldn't be accurate to say that the author think the fact contradicts the journalists' conclusion.

(C) is a much better fit -- the author's point is that the GDP fact doesn't do much to prove that 1997 was an "ideal" year.

You can eliminate (B), and (C) is the correct answer to question 4.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita [#permalink]
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Re: Citing the fact that the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita [#permalink]
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