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Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati

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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2018, 04:13
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Background: Codeex Berinensis (CB) is undated but contains clues to when it was produced
Evidence: a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in Florence in 1148
Conclusion: CB was probably produced in that year (1148)

Strengthen

A: Irrelevant; without a link between handwriting samples of the first three copyists and conclusion, the samples play no part in this

B: Weaken; "10 months" is a range that can span from 1147 to 1148 or from 1148 to 1149 or within 1148; we cannot pinpoint the exact year the CB was produced

C: Weaken; the ease of copying suggests that we cannot believe the evidence (a letter in handwriting) provided is that of the fourth copyist

D: Strengthen; the only one outbreak of plague in Florence in the 1100s helps narrow down the possibility of plague to occur in year 1148 (+/-); not ideal, but D is better than B and is the best we have

E: Irrelevant; the number of pages becoming smaller is completely irrelevant

This question leaves me assuming that a plague was the only significant disruption and CB was produced in the year disruption took place
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Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2019, 11:56
I think writing 20 pages doesnt take more than a year might be a possible explanation for strengthening option D
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2019, 22:50
VeritasKarishma Bunuel MartyTargetTestPrep daagh sayantanc2k GMATNinja

It is expressly mentioned that "plague that killed many people in Florence in 1148" then why year is an issue in the question.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2019, 23:07
Pankaj1Agarwal wrote:
VeritasKarishma Bunuel MartyTargetTestPrep daagh sayantanc2k GMATNinja

It is expressly mentioned that "plague that killed many people in Florence in 1148" then why year is an issue in the question.


The question is not whether the plague hit in 1148 - it is whether Codex Berinensis was written in 1148.
The last 20 pages of Codex Berinensis were written by 3 different people. This shows some upheaval. The fourth writer had written a letter in which he mentioned a plague in 1148. The plague could be the upheaval - perhaps that is why people writing it kept changing. But this is just a conjecture. What if there was a plague in 1101 too and Codex Berinensis was written in that year and that had caused the upheaval. Or what if there was a war in 1120 in which many people were killed and that was the upheaval that caused frequent copyist change?
Option (D) narrows the possibilities. If there was only one plague (and that was in 1148), it increases the chances that it was the cause of upheaval.
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Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 May 2020, 05:10
Dear MartyTargetTestPrep GMATGuruNY VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun MarkSullivan IanStewart AtlanticGMAT,

Why is choice B. wrong?

Let's say the plague went on for 10 years. Then Codex could have been produced anywhere between 1148-1158, weakening the conclusion.

(the longer the pandemic period stretches, the worse argument would be)

The fact that the plague lasted within a year eliminates the above possibility and hence strengthens the conclusion by narrowing down the pandemic window.

Why is this thinking wrong?
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Originally posted by varotkorn on 27 Apr 2020, 21:05.
Last edited by varotkorn on 01 May 2020, 05:10, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2020, 20:42
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varotkorn wrote:
Dear MartyTargetTestPrep GMATGuruNY VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun,

Why is choice B. wrong?

Let's say the plague went on for 10 years. Then Codex could have been produced anywhere between 1148-1158, weakening the conclusion.

(the longer the pandemic period stretches, the worse argument would be)

The fact that the plague lasted within a year eliminates the above possibility and hence strengthens the conclusion by narrowing down the pandemic window.

Why is this thinking wrong?


Please note:

B. According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for 10 months.
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Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2020, 20:45
Dear VeritasPrepHailey IanStewart MartyTargetTestPrep

Why is choice B. wrong?

If the plague went on for let's say more than 2 years, the argument falls apart.
So, the fact that the plague went on for 10 months should at least help the argument.

Moreover, if the plague went on for let's say 2 months, then the argument would even be better!
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2020, 07:20
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varotkorn wrote:
Why is choice B. wrong?

If the plague went on for let's say more than 2 years, the argument falls apart.
So, the fact that the plague went on for 10 months should at least help the argument.

Moreover, if the plague went on for let's say 2 months, then the argument would even be better!


Answer B is, for the reason you point out, very slightly useful as a strengthener here. But the copyist's letter already points out that the plague killed many people in Florence specifically in 1148, not in other years. Even if the plague itself lasted a long time, we care specifically about the year or years in which it caused upheaval, and the time period during which Florence specifically was affected.

Even if you consider B a strengthener because it rules out the possibility that this one plague lasted from, say, 1146 to 1150, D is a better version of B, because D rules out the possibility that any plague at all besides this one disrupted the work.

As Karishma has pointed out above, the original argument is tenuous, and none of the answers make the argument airtight. We're looking for the best choice among some weak options (which is why the question is difficult).
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treati   [#permalink] 26 May 2020, 07:20

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