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Compared to high school students, who readily understand the

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Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 May 2018, 17:02
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A
B
C
D
E

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Compared to high school students, who readily understand the numerous theorems of Geometry, most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated, with those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.

(A) Compared to high school students, who readily understand the numerous theorems of Geometry, most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated, with those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.

(B) In contrast to the numerous theorems of Geometry readily accessible to high school students, most of the theorems of Number Theory are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.

(C) Compared with the numerous theorems of Geometry, which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.

(D) Compared to Geometry, numerous theorems of which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated as those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.

(E) Compared to Geometry, which has numerous theorems that are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory, which has many theorems that are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.

Originally posted by mba1382 on 07 Mar 2014, 01:55.
Last edited by hazelnut on 28 May 2018, 17:02, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2014, 02:14
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I chose C, but on a re-look I agree with B.

A. Wrong Comparison
B. Compares 'numerous theorems of Geometry readily accessible to HS students' with 'numerous theorems of NT'
C. Compares 'numerous theorems of Geometry' with 'Number Theory' <--- WRONG
D. No verb in the main clause.
E. Improper Construction

The comparison here is about the 'number of theorems'.
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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2014, 02:39
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I choose B. Very confusing wording. It took me 3 and half mins!

A has no meaning what so ever.

B. In contrast to the numerous theorems of Geometry readily accessible to high school students, most of the theorems of Number Theory are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
Appropriate comparison between theorems, nothing wrong with "In contrast to" ... B seems good to me.

C. Compared with the numerous theorems of Geometry, which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
Compares theorems with Number theory... Incorrect

D. Compared to Geometry, numerous theorems of which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated as those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.
"mathematics only understanding them" WHAT?

E. Compared to Geometry, which has numerous theorems that are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory, which has many theorems that are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
It just sounds wrong, bad sentence formation
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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2014, 05:30
Got B!
In A,wrong comparison between high school students and theorems in Number Theory.
In C,again wrong comparison between theorems of Geometry and Number Theory.
In D,'has theorems so sophisticated' is unnecessarily wordy.'Only understanding them' is also incorrect.
In E,doesn't make the correct comparison.The sentence doesn't seem complete.

Though one question:Is understandable=accessible?
Why does B replace easily understandable with easily accessible?

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New post 07 Mar 2014, 05:41
Seems like you got the answer correct but failed to understand the meaning conveyed :-)- as I understand GMAT stresses more on meaning than on grammar subtleties.. If you closely look at option B, it never says understandable=accessible-or- replaces easily understandable with easily accessible. It sequences both without changing inherent meaning. :-)

Here is OE for your reference:

Split #1: the comparison: what, exactly, is being compared?

(A) compares students to theorems = incorrect

(B) compares theorems to theorems = correct

(C) compares theorems to branch of math = incorrect

(D) compares branch of math to branch of math = correct

(E) compares branch of math to branch of math = correct

Split #2: idiom of consequence. The correct idiom is "so sophisticated that" --- we need the word "that" as part of this. Choice (A) omits both the "so" and the "that", and choice (D) omits the "that". Both are incorrect.

Split #3: the missing verb mistake. Choice (E) has the form "compared to Geometry [noun modifier], Number Theory [noun modifier]." Presumably, "Number Theory" is meant to be the main subject of the sentence, but this subject has no verb. Choice (E) makes the classic "missing verb mistake" and is therefore not a sentence at all.

Split #4: placement of the word "only". This is a common "Logical Predication" mistake. The limitation implied by the word "only" is meant to apply to those who understand Number Theory --- a relatively small group, compared to those who understand Geometry. The correct target of "only" is the pronoun "those". Choice (A) & (D) incorrectly use the word "only" to modify "understanding", as if we want these mathematicians to do some action more significant that merely "understanding" --- that's not the meaning of the sentence! Those two choices are incorrect.

The only possible answer is choice (B).


AKG1593 wrote:
Got B!
In A,wrong comparison between high school students and theorems in Number Theory.
In C,again wrong comparison between theorems of Geometry and Number Theory.
In D,'has theorems so sophisticated' is unnecessarily wordy.'Only understanding them' is also incorrect.
In E,doesn't make the correct comparison.The sentence doesn't seem complete.

Though one question:Is understandable=accessible?
Why does B replace easily understandable with easily accessible?

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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2014, 11:46
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Compared to high school students, who readily understand the numerous theorems of Geometry, most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated, with those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.

A. Compared to high school students, who readily understand the numerous theorems of Geometry, most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated, with those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.
B. In contrast to the numerous theorems of Geometry readily accessible to high school students, most of the theorems of Number Theory are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
C. Compared with the numerous theorems of Geometry, which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
D. Compared to Geometry, numerous theorems of which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated as those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.
E. Compared to Geometry, which has numerous theorems that are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory, which has many theorems that are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them. - Incomplete sentence
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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2016, 07:15
Compared to high school students, who readily understand the numerous theorems of Geometry, most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated, with those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.

A. Compared to high school students, who readily understand the numerous theorems of Geometry, most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated, with those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.
B. In contrast to the numerous theorems of Geometry readily accessible to high school students, most of the theorems of Number Theory are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
C. Compared with the numerous theorems of Geometry, which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
D. Compared to Geometry, numerous theorems of which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated as those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.
E. Compared to Geometry, which has numerous theorems that are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory, which has many theorems that are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them. fragment

Good Question.
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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2016, 01:33
In option B, shouldnt 'Theorums of Gemetry' be followed by a relative pronoun such as 'that are' before introducing modifying phrase 'readily accesible to high school students'? Experts please resolve this confusion. Is this called Ellipsis? If yes then how to judge proper usage of Ellipsis?

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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2016, 09:39
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OreoShake wrote:
In option B, shouldnt 'Theorums of Gemetry' be followed by a relative pronoun such as 'that are' before introducing modifying phrase 'readily accesible to high school students'? Experts please resolve this confusion. Is this called Ellipsis? If yes then how to judge proper usage of Ellipsis?

Oreo


Both are correct.
"that are readily accessible": relative clause
"readily accessible": adjective phrase
Both can be used as modifier.
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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2016, 10:10
sayantanc2k wrote:
OreoShake wrote:
In option B, shouldnt 'Theorums of Gemetry' be followed by a relative pronoun such as 'that are' before introducing modifying phrase 'readily accesible to high school students'? Experts please resolve this confusion. Is this called Ellipsis? If yes then how to judge proper usage of Ellipsis?

Oreo


Both are correct.
"that are readily accessible": relative clause
"readily accessible": adjective phrase
Both can be used as modifier.


Got it. 'Accessible' is the adjective and 'readily' is the adverb modifying the adjective that modfies 'Theorums of geometry'. So this is not Elipsis.
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Re: Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2018, 02:52
Compared to high school students, who readily understand the numerous theorems of Geometry, most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated, with those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.

A. Compared to high school students, who readily understand the numerous theorems of Geometry, most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated, with those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.
-- High school students are compared with theorems of number theory. - wrong.

B. In contrast to the numerous theorems of Geometry readily accessible to high school students, most of the theorems of Number Theory are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
- Correct Answer

C. Compared with the numerous theorems of Geometry, which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
- "numerous theorems of Geometry" is compared with "Number Theory." - wrong

D. Compared to Geometry, numerous theorems of which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated as those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.
- Loss of details - "most of the theorems of Number Theory are sophisticated"
- we can't have ing form - understanding here.

E. Compared to Geometry, which has numerous theorems that are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory, which has many theorems that are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
- No Verb
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Compared to high school students, who readily understand the  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2019, 02:03
B vs D -

Notice the difference with the placement of "only".
(B) In contrast to the numerous theorems of Geometry readily accessible to high school students, most ofthe theorems of Number Theory are so sophisticated that only those with advanced degrees in mathematics can understand them.
Meaning -Only people with advanced degree in mathematics can understand them.

(D) Compared to Geometry, numerous theorems of which are readily accessible to high school students, Number Theory has theorems so sophisticated as those with advanced degrees in mathematics only understanding them.
Meaning -People with advanced degree in mathematics ONLY can understand them. Clearly not the intended meaning.

Hope this helps! :)
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Compared to high school students, who readily understand the   [#permalink] 29 Jan 2019, 02:03
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