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# Comparisons - Sentence Correction

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Intern
Joined: 03 Sep 2018
Posts: 18

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09 Dec 2018, 20:24
Hello everyone,

For Comparisons on Sentence Correction I know that the X and Y elements have to be similar. But how do you know what the X and Y elements are? Is there a sure way of identifying them?

Thanks!
VP
Joined: 30 Jan 2016
Posts: 1108
Re: Comparisons - Sentence Correction  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2018, 09:56
Hi andi1,

Welcome to gmatclub! I guess you're talking about parallel markers. Check out these posts:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/markers-in-p ... 39076.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/compiled-thu ... 54538.html

Is it what you were looking for?
_________________
Non progredi est regredi
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 04 Dec 2015
Posts: 756
GMAT 1: 790 Q51 V49
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Comparisons - Sentence Correction  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2018, 18:06
1
andi1 wrote:
Hello everyone,

For Comparisons on Sentence Correction I know that the X and Y elements have to be similar. But how do you know what the X and Y elements are? Is there a sure way of identifying them?

Thanks!

It depends on the structure of the comparison. For instance, some comparisons are structured similarly to modifiers:

'Like most children, Beau likes candy.'
'Compared to my dog, my cat is quite rude.'

Similar comparison words include 'unlike' and 'as opposed to'. In this case, to find the X and Y elements, you look in two places: immediately after the comparison word/phrase (so, immediately after 'like' or 'compared to'). And, the subject of the clause that the comparison is attached to.

So, if you wanted to figure out the first example, you'd look immediately after 'like', which tells you that the X element is 'most children'. Then, you'd look at the subject of the independent clause 'Beau likes candy', so you know the Y element is 'Beau'.

Other comparisons are structured differently. For instance, the 'than' comparisons - 'more than', 'less than', 'better than', etc. For those, you'll look on either side of the comparison phrase, and find the two nouns. 'Jack is taller than Steve' - look to the left and right of 'is taller than' and you'll find the X and Y elements, 'Jack' and 'Steve'.
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Chelsey Cooley | Manhattan Prep | Seattle and Online

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VP
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1352
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: Comparisons - Sentence Correction  [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2018, 10:25
Hi andi1, if you can post some sentence(s) where you felt that identifying X and Y was a challenge, that will help us provide more pertinent responses.
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Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

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Re: Comparisons - Sentence Correction   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2018, 10:25
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