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Comparisons - Sentence Correction

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Joined: 03 Sep 2018
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Comparisons - Sentence Correction  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2018, 20:24
Hello everyone,

For Comparisons on Sentence Correction I know that the X and Y elements have to be similar. But how do you know what the X and Y elements are? Is there a sure way of identifying them?

Thanks!
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Re: Comparisons - Sentence Correction  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2018, 09:56
Hi andi1,

Welcome to gmatclub! I guess you're talking about parallel markers. Check out these posts:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/markers-in-p ... 39076.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/compiled-thu ... 54538.html

Is it what you were looking for?
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Re: Comparisons - Sentence Correction  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2018, 18:06
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andi1 wrote:
Hello everyone,

For Comparisons on Sentence Correction I know that the X and Y elements have to be similar. But how do you know what the X and Y elements are? Is there a sure way of identifying them?

Thanks!


It depends on the structure of the comparison. For instance, some comparisons are structured similarly to modifiers:

'Like most children, Beau likes candy.'
'Compared to my dog, my cat is quite rude.'

Similar comparison words include 'unlike' and 'as opposed to'. In this case, to find the X and Y elements, you look in two places: immediately after the comparison word/phrase (so, immediately after 'like' or 'compared to'). And, the subject of the clause that the comparison is attached to.

So, if you wanted to figure out the first example, you'd look immediately after 'like', which tells you that the X element is 'most children'. Then, you'd look at the subject of the independent clause 'Beau likes candy', so you know the Y element is 'Beau'.

Other comparisons are structured differently. For instance, the 'than' comparisons - 'more than', 'less than', 'better than', etc. For those, you'll look on either side of the comparison phrase, and find the two nouns. 'Jack is taller than Steve' - look to the left and right of 'is taller than' and you'll find the X and Y elements, 'Jack' and 'Steve'.
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Re: Comparisons - Sentence Correction  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2018, 10:25
Hi andi1, if you can post some sentence(s) where you felt that identifying X and Y was a challenge, that will help us provide more pertinent responses.
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Ashish
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Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com
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Re: Comparisons - Sentence Correction   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2018, 10:25
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