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Computer operating system software has become increasingly standardize

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Senior RC Moderator
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Computer operating system software has become increasingly standardize  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2019, 18:16
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (02:07) correct 26% (02:27) wrong based on 82 sessions

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Computer operating system software has become increasingly standardized. But when a large business with multiple, linked computer systems uses identical operating system software on all of its computers, a computer vandal who gains access to one computer automatically has access to the data on all the computers. Using a program known as a “virus,” the vandal can then destroy much of the data on all the computers. If such a business introduced minor variations into its operating system software, unauthorized access to all the computers at the same time could be virtually eliminated. Furthermore variations in operating system software can be created without any lose of computer compatibility to the business. Therefore, it is advisable for businesses to implement such variations.

Which one of the following, if true, supports the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Standardization of computer operating system software has increased computer compatibility among different businesses.

(B) Correcting any damage resulting from an invasion by a computer virus program is more expensive than preventing the damage.

(C) It is not costly for a business to maintain incompatible computer operating systems.

(D) There are other kinds of destructive computer programs that do not depend on inter-computer links.

(E) Not all businesses need to share date among their internal computer systems.

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Re: Computer operating system software has become increasingly standardize  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2019, 21:18
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Computer operating system software has become increasingly standardized. But when a large business with multiple, linked computer systems uses identical operating system software on all of its computers, a computer vandal who gains access to one computer automatically has access to the data on all the computers. Using a program known as a “virus,” the vandal can then destroy much of the data on all the computers. If such a business introduced minor variations into its operating system software, unauthorized access to all the computers at the same time could be virtually eliminated. Furthermore variations in operating system software can be created without any lose of computer compatibility to the business. Therefore, it is advisable for businesses to implement such variations.

Which one of the following, if true, supports the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Standardization of computer operating system software has increased computer compatibility among different businesses.

(B) Correcting any damage resulting from an invasion by a computer virus program is more expensive than preventing the damage.

(C) It is not costly for a business to maintain incompatible computer operating systems.

(D) There are other kinds of destructive computer programs that do not depend on inter-computer links.

(E) Not all businesses need to share date among their internal computer systems.


The right answer here is B. Since we're being asked to strengthen the conclusion, we must first identify exactly what that conclusion is. In this case, it is that variations should be implemented because it prevents viruses. One thing that helps get to the answer best is to question the argument. This may seem a bit counter-intuitive, but questioning the argument leads you to any possible loopholes. You can then look for an option that closes any of these loops.

A - If anything, this is a point in favour of standardization. OUT

B - This fixes a possible deficiency! We know that variations prevent viruses, but it was unclear before this whether the prevention was indeed better than the cure. This confirms that, thereby strengthening the argument. CORRECT

C - We can say that it is not costly, but it doesn't tell us that this is better to do, and therefore doesn't add additional info for the conclusion. OUT

D - If anything, this weakens the conclusion. If viruses are possible anyway thats a problem. OUT

E - This tells us that it is viable to implement this plan, much like C. But it doesn't actually help suggest that this plan is actually better. OUT

- Matoo
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Re: Computer operating system software has become increasingly standardize   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2019, 21:18
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