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Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early

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Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Feb 2018, 21:56
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (00:40) correct 21% (00:42) wrong based on 160 sessions

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GMAT Paper Test (Test Code 55), 1996

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 2
Page: 22

Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early indication of the economy’s direction, sagged as the stock market tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving a clear picture of new spending patterns.

(A) tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving

(B) tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give

(C) tumbled, and not so dramatically as to have given

(D) has tumbled, and not dramatically enough to give

(E) has tumbled, but not so dramatically as to give

Originally posted by Mikhail on 20 Nov 2003, 23:18.
Last edited by hazelnut on 11 Feb 2018, 21:56, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Nov 2003, 00:22
B??

edited for explaining my answer:

choice between tumbled and has tumbled. Simple past tense seems to be suitable here. so among three answers starting with tumbled A and B provide the contrast. out of these two the part
tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give
sounds correct idiomatically.

whats the answere ??

Originally posted by jaydi8 on 20 Nov 2003, 23:43.
Last edited by jaydi8 on 21 Nov 2003, 00:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2003, 23:57
jaydi8,

please provide explanations for your choices (at least couple of words)
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2003, 00:37
mikhail,
i have edited all my replies to include my explanations.

thank God ETS does not ask to explain answers for SC. it would be a nightmare. ;)
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2003, 21:44
Mikhail wrote:
Consumer confidence levels, which many economists
consider an early indication of the economyтАЩs
direction, sagged as the stock market tumbled, but
not dramatically enough for giving
a clear picture of
new spending patterns.
(A) tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving
(B) tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give
(C) tumbled, and not so dramatically as to have given
(D) has tumbled, and not dramatically enough to give
(E) has tumbled, but not so dramatically as to give


I think B is parallel.
no reason for present perfect here
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2011, 09:57
E . seem good to me......but i findif i didn't choose E ,then i would choose B
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2015, 02:00
main issues :

1st issue) Parallelism of verb tense------>keyword - ''as'' ----> one of the functions of ''as'' ---> to describe events occurred at same time

confidence levels sagged <--------> market tumbled [sagged (non-underlined) and tumbled ----> in order to convey that both happened at same time ----> both should be in simple past, b'coz sagged is in simple past (non-underlined)] ; Also --- '' has tumbled'' -- means the action is still going on ----> this will be illogical b'coz as earlier said both actions ''sagged'' and ''tumbled'' occurred at the same time]

eliminates --- D,E

2nd issue) - idiom ---> ''enough to'' ----> eliminates A

C --- plainly awkward

B --- (according to me) is Right ans.
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2018, 07:38
Can some one please explain the expression "but not dramatically enough to give" parallel to which part of the sentence
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2018, 07:53
Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early indication of the economy’s direction, sagged as the stock market tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving a clear picture of new spending patterns.

(A) tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving

(B) tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give

(C) tumbled, and not so dramatically as to have given

(D) has tumbled, and not dramatically enough to give

(E) has tumbled, but not so dramatically as to give[/quote]

Hi
somebody please elaborate on the role played by " but not dramatically enough to give" part in this sentence?

Thanks
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Re: Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2018, 06:33
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Quote:
(B) tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give



The word 'but' is also used, though rarely, as a subordinate conjunction meaning 'though.' In such cases, the 'but' is not required to maintain parallelism just as a coordinating conjunction is required to do. The real parsing of the B in this case will be
'tumbled, although not dramatically enough to give' -- Now 'although not dramatically enough to give' is an adverbial modifier modifying the previous clause 'as the stock market tumbled'.
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Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2018, 06:55
daagh wrote:
Quote:
(B) tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give



The word 'but' is also used, though rarely, as a subordinate conjunction meaning 'though.' In such cases, the 'but' is not required to maintain parallelism just as a coordinating conjunction is required to do. The real parsing of the B in this case will be
'tumbled, although not dramatically enough to give' -- Now 'although not dramatically enough to give' is an adverbial modifier modifying the previous clause 'as the stock market tumbled'.



Thanks daagh for the clarification.

regards
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Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2018, 07:22
Mikhail wrote:
GMAT Paper Test (Test Code 55), 1996

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 2
Page: 22

Consumer confidence levels, which many economists consider an early indication of the economy’s direction, sagged as the stock market tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving a clear picture of new spending patterns.


(A) tumbled, but not dramatically enough for giving - Need "to give" to show intention. Correct Idiom: "enough to".

(B) tumbled, but not dramatically enough to give - Correct

(C) tumbled, and not so dramatically as to have given - Need "but" for contrast.

(D) has tumbled, and not dramatically enough to give - Need "but" for contrast. Need simple past tense "tumbled" instead of present perfect "has tumbled" since this action happened in the past and should be parallel to the simple past tense "sagged".

(E) has tumbled, but not so dramatically as to give - Need simple past tense "tumbled" instead of present perfect "has tumbled" since this action happened in the past and should be parallel to the simple past tense "sagged".
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