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Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2018, 07:21
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (00:35) correct 19% (00:45) wrong based on 83 sessions

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Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary school education have weakened this country's standing in the world.

A. in what constitutes a good secondary school education have

B. in what constitutes a good secondary school education has

C. in what constituted a good secondary school education has

D. in what constituted a good secondary school education have

E. in constituting a good secondary school education has

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Joined: 04 Aug 2010
Posts: 238
Schools: Dartmouth College
Re: Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2018, 09:28
2
Bunuel wrote:
Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary school education have weakened this country's standing in the world.

A. in what constitutes a good secondary school education have

B. in what constitutes a good secondary school education has

C. in what constituted a good secondary school education has

D. in what constituted a good secondary school education have

E. in constituting a good secondary school education has

In A and D, have (plural) does not agree with the decline (singular).
Eliminate A and D.

All verbs should be in the SAME TENSE unless there is a reason to change tense.
C: Critics fear...the decline in what constituted...has weakened
Here, there is no reason for the red verb to be in the past tense, while the two blue verbs are in forms of the present tense.
Eliminate C.

E: the decline in constituting
The phrase above does not convey a clear meaning.
It seems imply that the act of constituting is being performed less successfully or less frequently.
Neither interpretation reflects the intended meaning of the original sentence.
In the original sentence, the intended meaning is that there has been a decline in educational STANDARDS -- that WHAT CONSTITUTES a good education TODAY is of lower quality that what USED to constitute a good education.

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Director
Joined: 30 Jan 2015
Posts: 526
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
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Re: Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2018, 07:28
+1 for B.

A. in what constitutes a good secondary school education have

B. in what constitutes a good secondary school education has --> Correct

C. in what constituted a good secondary school education has

D. in what constituted a good secondary school education have

E. in constituting a good secondary school education has

Hence, B.
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Joined: 27 Jan 2018
Posts: 39
Re: Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2018, 05:50
Can anyone please explain why it is not C??

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Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 6559
Re: Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2018, 06:03
vineethk929 wrote:
Can anyone please explain why it is not C??

Sent from my SM-J700F using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

C uses " constituted", past form..
we are talking of decline of something that is existing, so constitutes is the correct tense form.
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Joined: 30 Jan 2015
Posts: 526
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GPA: 3.5
Re: Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2018, 06:03
vineethk929 wrote:
Can anyone please explain why it is not C??

Sent from my SM-J700F using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

vineethk929

Use of "what constituted" would distort the intended meaning of aforementioned sentence, particularly stating that the constituent of a good secondary school education is not existing anymore -and has changed for that matter- and stating that is incorrect. However, "what constitutes" rectifies the error and conveys intact meaning of the original sentence.

Hope it helps
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Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2018, 08:40
Bunuel wrote:
Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary school education have weakened this country's standing in the world.

A. in what constitutes a good secondary school education have

B. in what constitutes a good secondary school education has

C. in what constituted a good secondary school education has

D. in what constituted a good secondary school education have

E. in constituting a good secondary school education has

Dear GMATGuruNY

Can you share your thoughts about when using the dependent clause with 'what.........' could be right and when be wrong? There are lots of OG questions where this phrase its wrong?

What change in meaning in choice E?

Thanks
Critics fear that the decline in what constitutes a good secondary sch &nbs [#permalink] 16 Jul 2018, 08:40
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