GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Feb 2019, 11:50

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Prep Hour

February 20, 2019

February 20, 2019

08:00 PM EST

09:00 PM EST

Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. Wednesday, February 20th at 8 PM EST

February 21, 2019

February 21, 2019

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

Kick off your 2019 GMAT prep with a free 7-day boot camp that includes free online lessons, webinars, and a full GMAT course access. Limited for the first 99 registrants! Feb. 21st until the 27th.

# Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Retired Moderator
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 839
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2015, 01:59
2
6
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (01:36) correct 50% (01:38) wrong based on 339 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor, called Bushido, has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day.

A. has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day
B. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day
C. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences has affected the Japanese nation to this day
D. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation to this day even though it had been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century
E. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation even though it has been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century

_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4685
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2015, 03:49
1
1
IMO, there is something inherently debatable about this question. Normally a past perfect is used only when two events are in sequence and when the sequence itself is unclear. Where there is only one event in the past, it is customary to denote it in simple past. For example, we say India was ruled by the British until August 15, 1947. We do not say, India had –been ruled by the British until August 15, 1947. A specific event occurring in a duration of period would be better expressed with a simple past, than with a past perfect I feel. Assuming that we let go this point of dispute

A. has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day --- ‘has been’ is wrong tense

B. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day --- reluctantly ok

C. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences have affected the Japanese nation to this day --- influences has affected – SV error.
D. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation to this day even though it had been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century ---- ‘still and to this date’ is redundant
E. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation even though it has been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century--- ‘has been prevalent’ is wrong tense
_________________

GMAT coaching under able guidance is only half expensive and time-consuming as a self-study in the final reckoning

Retired Moderator
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 839
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2015, 05:16
1
daagh wrote:
IMO, there is something inherently debatable about this question. Normally a past perfect is used only when two events are in sequence and when the sequence itself is unclear. Where there is only one event in the past, it is customary to denote it in simple past. For example, we say India was ruled by the British until August 15, 1947. We do not say, India had –been ruled by the British until August 15, 1947. A specific event occurring in a duration of period would be better expressed with a simple past, than with a past perfect I feel. Assuming that we let go this point of dispute

A. has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day --- ‘has been’ is wrong tense

B. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day --- reluctantly ok

C. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences have affected the Japanese nation to this day --- influences has affected – SV error.
D. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation to this day even though it had been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century ---- ‘still and to this date’ is redundant
E. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation even though it has been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century--- ‘has been prevalent’ is wrong tense

That's how they argue:
This answer choice corrects the original Tense mistake by changing has been prevalent (Present Perfect) to had been prevalent (Past Perfect). The corrected sentence correctly uses the Past Perfect to describe a past action that was completed before a certain point in time in the past (the middle of the 19th century).
_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Board of Directors
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4387
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2015, 06:03
IMHO B

Current historical research has shown thatthe Samurai code of honor, called Bushido, has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day.

-----The Samurai code of honor--------------->(prevelent)-------------->19th Century-----------> Effect till this day

The sentence refers that " The Samurai code of honor " was prevelent till 19th century , hence past perfect tense must be used... ( only Options B & C has it )

Between affect and have affected , I chose affect , since it correctly shows that the action is happening till this date...

Hence I will go with (B)
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1111
Location: India
Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2015, 06:07
Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor, called Bushido, has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day.

Bushido does two things
1. it has been prevalent till middle 19th century
2. its cultural influences continue to exist now.

if we are not sure of contrast or link in between, we can try it two ways(even though A then B or viceversa)

even though Bushido had been prevalent till middle 19th century, its cultural influences continue to exist even now.
or
even though its cultural influences continue to exist even now, Bushido had been prevalent till 19th century.

For me, the earlier one makes sense.

A. has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day
(use of present perfect for past event ruins the meaning here.)

B. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day
(This does not make sense meaning wise as per above reasoning.)

C. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences has affected the Japanese nation to this day
Same as B

D. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation to this day even though it had been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century
this is correct choice.

E. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation even though it has been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century
has been ruins here
Intern
Joined: 16 Apr 2015
Posts: 40
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
Schools: UFlorida '18, UFL '17
Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2015, 09:17
Can someone explain the even history please
Intern
Joined: 16 Apr 2015
Posts: 40
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
Schools: UFlorida '18, UFL '17
Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2015, 09:21
Can someone explain the event history please
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 373
Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Oct 2015, 00:07
Hi Mechmeera,

"Current" and "still" refer to the same thing hence D and E are out in one shot.

Regards,
Dom.
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Jun 2017
Posts: 415
Location: Russian Federation
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
WE: Information Technology (Other)
Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2018, 03:27
reto wrote:
Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor, called Bushido, has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day.

A. has been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day
B. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences affect the Japanese nation to this day
C. had been prevalent in Japan until the middle of the 19th century although its cultural influences has affected the Japanese nation to this day
D. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation to this day even though it had been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century
E. still has a cultural influence on the Japanese nation even though it has been prevalent in Japan only until the middle of the 19th century

A. has been - bad. We need past perferct, because the action is in the past before something in the past.
B. Good.
C. has affected - bad. Need present simple.
D. Still and To this day - these two are redundant together
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2018
Posts: 417
Location: Germany
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GPA: 3.6
WE: Analyst (Transportation)
Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jan 2019, 09:41
To me answer choice B is not that great from a logical standpoint;

Did it really take "current" research to establish the end of the influence of the bushido culture which already ended in the 19th century?
Maybe I am being picky here or I simply misunderstand the sentence...
_________________

A couple of things that helped me in verbal:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/verbal-strategies-268700.html#p2082192

Gmat Prep CAT #1: V42, Q34, 630
Gmat Prep CAT #2: V46, Q35, 660
Gmat Prep CAT #3: V41, Q42, 680

On the mission to improve my quant score, all help is appreciated!

Re: Current historical research has shown that the Samurai code of honor,   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2019, 09:41
Display posts from previous: Sort by